National Archives of Scotland

As at 26th July, 4,201 deaths have been registered in Scotland where the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was mentioned on the death certificate,... Wednesday, 22 Jul 2020 Deaths involving COVID-19 Week 29 - 13th to 19th July The National Library of Scotland is Scotland's largest library and the world centre for the study of Scotland and the Scots. National Records of Scotland, H.M. General Register House, 2 Princes Street, Edinburgh, EH1 3YY; tel +44 (0) 131 535 1314; email: [email protected] [email protected] Nearly 20 years ago, as a young archivist, I had the privilege of working for a year at the National Archives of Scotland (now the National Records of Scotland) in Edinburgh. Archival practices in Scotland are generally similar to those in Canada. One important difference, of course, is that Scotland has a much longer paper recordkeeping ... National Records of Scotland also operates the ScotlandsPeople family history centre, providing access to digital images and indexes of Scottish census returns and birth, marriage and death records. For booking information and fees telephone 0131 314 4300 Over 300,000 photographs exist in collections at the National Library of Scotland, dating from the 1840s to the present day. Mostly the photographs are part of the Archives and Manuscript collections, but others are held in our collections of maps, rare books and music, and in general collections and the Moving Image Archive.. Often they are associated with other material — for example, in ... The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration 1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272. Top ... Within the NRS, a body known as the National Register of Archives for Scotland (NRAS) catalogues records held in private hands and these are described on the NRAS online register. The NRS also contributes data information to the Scottish Archive Network (SCAN) online catalogue, Search the National Records of Scotland online catalogue This is a selection of items from the National Library of Scotland , which is an information treasure trove of Scotland's knowledge, history and culture, with millions of books, manuscripts and maps covering every subject. National Records of Scotland, H.M. General Register House, 2 Princes Street, Edinburgh, EH1 3YY; tel +44 (0) 131 535 1314; email: [email protected] [email protected]

Nostalgia for Sovereigns: The King is Dead, but Maybe New Ones on “the Horizon”

2020.09.19 10:51 IrGr8 Nostalgia for Sovereigns: The King is Dead, but Maybe New Ones on “the Horizon”

(A mod wanted me to do this because of an error from a previous post that they wanted to pin)
Even before this latest crisis began, there had been a distinct trend of people in democracies losing faith in their political systems. When this wave of disillusionment happened back in the 1920s and 30s, as the problems of the era overwhelmed liberal democratic structures, fascism or communism were seen as being the answer. Many countries ended up with governments which had one or the other slant, or preferred one of those sides over the other when pressured to do so.
Now the trend is towards populist movements, such as En Marche or Five Star. Each of these bases their appeal on the same message as the fascists and communists – those politicians are only out for themselves, and are incapable of addressing the real issues affecting people’s lives. They do not want to change the system from within, but to do away with it altogether and give power to the people directly, whatever that actually means.
During a time of crisis people rally round a government because it is their only security. The government is responsible for dealing with the crisis, so even if you disagree with it and want other people in power, throwing it out will only hinder practical efforts to resolve the crisis.
But if the government doesn’t do a good job resolving the crisis, or is seen as having contributed to it, it can come crashing down very quickly as soon as people think it is safe to remove it. Germany overthrew its monarchy after losing World War One, and the map of Europe was radically redrawn afterwards, not through conquest but because people no longer believed in the political structures they had lived under during the war period they wished to forget.
We can therefore expect something similar to happen after this virus has gone away. But where are people going to go? They have tried mainstream politics and populism, and both have failed. The likes of Trump and Johnson, populists who have hijacked mainstream parties through centralist tactics, won’t be able to blame the politicians when they have been responsible for what they used to blame politicians for.
There is another option, not currently being considered but credible. People don’t really want to run everything themselves, as they don’t have the time or the inclination. They want someone with authority to sort everything out for them by redefining their country and its glories. Though the window of opportunity may be small, it is possible that rediscovering that most out of date of systems, monarchy, might give the post-Covid world what it is looking for.
Representing What’s Wrong
Most countries are now republics. Monarchies are considered relics of the past, even in progressive countries such a Sweden, which still has a king but has placed him firmly within a narrow constitutional role. It is interesting that some countries completely abolished their monarchies while others just gradually limited the power of the monarchy
An elected president or PMs are seen as more representative of the popular will, and therefore of the people. This is fine in theory, but when was the last time it happened? Presidents who are purely heads of state rather than heads of government are subject to considerable personal scrutiny.
If they are not taking sides or playing partisan roles, the public wants to know how they behave and what they think on a given topic. And if people approve, they think the president is theirs, but on the basis of their personal qualities. If they don’t, they think the president does not represent their country, even though they do, and there is no one above them to take on that role.
When the president is also head of government, they fail to live up to their billing from the first day. Some people agree with their policies, some don’t. They end up representing the divisions within people rather than the people themselves, and even if they are generally approved, and gain international respect, they are again seen more as transient people, often out of touch with daily realities, rather than embodiments of what their countries aspire to be.
Furthermore, most presidents have very little effective power, which is why some gain a reputation as autocrats for trying to gain more control. In practice they can easily be bought and sold by more important players, whether they are bigger countries or business, or even criminal, interests. If not, they can be removed by those same interests in favour of someone more pliable, as we saw in Ukraine, and see all over Africa and South America on a distressingly regular basis.
Restoring monarchs won’t solve those problems overnight. But the present crisis is highlighting what monarchy is about. Kings and queens don’t have constituents and paymasters to satisfy. No matter what is going on around them, it is their duty to serve the country, not a sectional interest, and treat all their subjects as equal, without fear or favour.
Emperors With Clothes
This concept still exists at a subliminal level. For example, when Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was made the first Commissioner of Baseball after the 1919 “Black Sox Scandal”, he insisted on a lifetime contract so that he would not be dependent on favourites who could keep him in the job, and disdain those who would not vote for him anyway.
Consequently Landis was considered impartial, and successful in cleaning up baseball. Neither impression is more than partly correct, but by taking on the form of a monarch he was thought to represent something higher than the conflicts of the men below him.
Similarly, the term “tsar” is returning to common usage in a way unthinkable to those who got rid of Nicholas II. When a problem gets really bad, there is talk (leaked by governments usually) of appointing a “tsar” to clean it up – a “drugs tsar”, or a “regulatory tsar”. These individuals often had predecessors who were not called tsars, but were given the title when they assumed or demanded wider powers than politicians could theoretically give them, in order to do the right thing without being hindered by political realities.
In countries which remain monarchies, the general public often has little idea what the monarch actually does. Successive British Prime Ministers have thought on being appointed that their weekly audience with the Queen would be like an afternoon off, discussing this and that over tea, until they discover that the Queen wants to know every detail of policy, and why it has been adopted rather than an alternative.
Royal families are also patrons of huge numbers of charities. This is not because they are sharing their wealth, but because the concept that they represent their country, however nebulous the notion of their country is, gives others the impression that the charity has positive values.
This was thrown into sharp relief by the decision of hundreds of charities to drop Prince Andrew as their patron after his association with Jeffrey Epstein, and various unproven allegations, were made public. A royal just shouldn’t do those sort of things, so he no longer fulfilled his function, even though he held the same title and had the same connections as before. It wasn’t about him personally, as it would have been if he had been a politician, but what he stood for, as something higher and more valuable than a mere politician.
Furthermore, deposed royals often still act as if their monarchies still exist, because it is who they are and what they do. The pretender to the non-existent Portuguese throne, Duarte Pio, is not recognised as the rightful heir by many Portuguese monarchists, who have different conceptions of how the king should be appointed based on different historical precedents.
But he is still invited to represent Portugal, though unofficially, at international events in preference to the country’s political leaders. Most notably, he was invited to Syria by Assad in 2011 on what Assad termed a “state visit”, although Duarte Pio is merely a private citizen. He is also active in many cultural organisations, seen as more representative of his country than a politician, as culture is shared amongst all people and political views are not.
Reality is Progress
So where might monarchies make a comeback as an alternative to failed politics? The big problem is that in most of the world a presidential system is considered more “modern”. But it only takes one hereditary ruler to change that perception, and some are trying.
King Simeon of Bulgaria was exiled in 1946 when the communists abolished his throne. He returned in 1996 and was elected Prime Minister in 2001. He couldn’t work miracles, and ruined his political party by going into alliance with the former communists in 2005. But the former king is still a widely respected figure for who he is, rather than his political errors.
If Bulgarians feel their system has failed them, which is why they objected to his “Grand Coalition” with the old guard, restoring the monarchy is the progressive and realistic alternative. Rather than going back to a past few remember, King Simeon and his heirs offer a stable future instead of a continuing present they know only too well.
In 2009 Georgia celebrated a royal wedding, as the two branches of the Bagrationi dynasty were united two hundred years after it had ceased to rule the country. Prince David and Princess Ana have subsequently divorced, but do have an infant son, who is the unchallenged heir to the rival claims of both Bagrationi branches.
This marriage had been promoted by the Patriarch of Georgia, Ilia II, as a means of potentially restoring the monarchy to resolve the country’s never-ending political crisis. He had a valid point: whether people agreed with monarchy or not, everyone recognised its historic legitimacy, whereas significant numbers of Georgians have routinely declared each government illegitimate and unrepresentative, regardless of its deeds, since independence.
Statehood is still an issue in Georgia, as the politicians and population cannot agree on what sort of country it should be, regardless of its deep and enduring cultural traditions recognised by all communities. Restoration of the monarchy would enable them to have those arguments whilst retaining national and international integrity, as it is those traditions, which are more respected than the modern state or its politics, which a monarch would be representing.
The Middle East still has a number of monarchies. Even in Iran, one of the few examples of a monarchy being removed by a genuinely popular revolution, there is nostalgia for what the shah represents, though less for the deeds of Shah Reza Pahlavi or his dubious dynasty.
Burma, or Myanmar or whatever you want to call it, has had constant inter-ethnic conflict since it regained independence in 1947. Much of this is not attributable to historic conflicts but the behaviour of the British who conquered it in 1885: the traditional British “divide and rule” tactics, and subsequent broken promises to those groups they had deprived to begin with, created the seeds of the conflict which continues today.
Burma used to have a monarchy, whose expansionist policies had created this multiethnic state. The last king, Thibaw, was deposed by the British in 1885, on the grounds that he was drunk and incapable, although he didn’t actually drink at all. Since then his descendants have been airbrushed out of history, though most are still living in modern Myanmar as private citizens.
Military government of a particularly nasty character lasted a long time in Myanmar because it was the lowest common denominator which the population, and the rest of the world, could accept. With the democratic government elected with so much hope having gravely disappointed due to the ethnic conflicts, restoration of the Burmese monarchy would again be a progressive option in a country which has seen all other ways out turn into dead ends.
Unlimited Sovereignty
Monarchies went out of fashion for many reasons. But a common complaint in democracies is that no matter who you vote for, nothing changes.
What the people want isn’t delivered by those they think are expressions of their will. Monarchs represent something people are, not something they have, and in a time when people are losing their jobs and homes, but are still the same people, this idea is beginning to resonate.
Of course you can’t kick a king out if you don’t like him. But that is where constitutional monarchy comes in. Politicians have set terms, even in countries with a recall option. If you don’t like your elected leaders, who you personally may not have elected, you are stuck with them too unless you can persuade enough people to reverse the damage when the next election is due, with no guarantee you will.
People everywhere remain fundamentally monarchist–and that democracy has not delivered as hoped. When recovering from a crisis, they instinctively want to be rid of their politicians and get someone in who will transcend their petty arguments. Restoring monarchies, rather than creating presidents for life, could be the most acceptable international option for giving people what they want, whilst retaining the accountability constitutional systems provide.
https://journal-neo.org/2020/05/29/nostalgia-for-sovereigns-the-king-is-dead-but-maybe-new-ones-on-the-horizon/
submitted by IrGr8 to monarchism [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 14:27 rusticgorilla Lost in the Sauce: GOP source has been a Russian agent for a decade

Welcome to Lost in the Sauce, keeping you caught up on political and legal news that often gets buried in distractions and theater… or a global health crisis.
Housekeeping:

GOP source is Russian agent

The Treasury Department announced new sanctions against Andriy Derkach, a Ukrainian lawmaker, accusing him of being an "active Russian agent" who is part of Moscow's interference in the 2020 campaign. Derkach has been actively promoting discredited anti-Biden materials for many months, including meeting with Trump’s lawyer Rudy Giuliani to hand over disinformation (picture).
Between May and July 2020, Derkach released edited audio tapes and other unsupported information with the intent to discredit U.S. officials, and he levied unsubstantiated allegations against U.S. and international political figures
These tapes were laundered through Giuliani to OANN, the Senate Homeland Security Committee (via Chairman Sen. Ron Johnson), Don Jr., and the president himself.
Senate Finance Committee Ranking Member Ron Wyden (D-OR) called out Sen. Johnson and Sen. Chuck Grassley (Chair of Senate Finance Cmte.) for collaborating with Derkach:
Derkach has been central in advancing the Russian disinformation that underpins Senate Republicans’ effort to smear Vice President Biden. For example, in April, the Republican chairmen of the Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs and Finance Committees requested information about purported calls between Vice President Biden and Ukrainian officials. Then in May edited excerpts of those same calls involving Biden were leaked by Derkach and Andrii Telizhenko, the Senate Republicans’ star witness.
...Senate investigations should not parrot conspiracy theories pushed by Russian agents under U.S. sanctions, and Senate Republicans should immediately abandon this blatantly political effort.

DHS Whistleblower

Last week, the House Intelligence Committee released a whistleblower complaint made by former acting Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis Brian Murphy. Chairman Adam Schiff released a statement saying the complaint “outlines grave and disturbing allegations that senior White House and Department of Homeland Security officials improperly sought to politicize, manipulate, and censor intelligence in order to benefit President Trump politically.”

On Russia

Page 10: Mr. Murphy made several protected disclosures between March 2018 and August 2020 regarding a repeated pattern of abuse of authority, attempted censorship of intelligence analysis and improper administration of an intelligence program related to Russian efforts to influence and undermine United States interests. The relevant officials at issue were Secretary Nielsen and Messrs. Wolf, Cuccinelli, Taylor, and Acting Deputy Director for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Kash Patel (“Mr. Patel”).
In May 2020, Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf told Murphy to “cease providing intelligence assessments on the threat of Russian interference in the United States, and instead start reporting on interference activities by China and Iran.” Wolf told Murphy those instructions came directly from White House national security adviser Robert O’Brien, according to Murphy, who said he refused to comply because “doing so would put the country in substantial and specific danger.”
In July 2020, DHS chief of staff John Gountanis intervened to stop publication of an intelligence bulletin warning about a Russian disinformation plot to “denigrate” the mental health of Joe Biden. On July 8, Murphy said, he met with Wolf, who told him that the intelligence notification should be “held” because it “made the President look bad.” After Murphy protested, Wolf excluded him from meetings about the notification, a draft of which was ultimately produced that Murphy felt minimized the actions of Russia.
The complaint details dozens of instances in which Murphy told his superiors about the abuses of power and political interference. The complaints either went nowhere or resulted in perceived retaliatory actions against Murphy. Many of these complaints were given to Kash Patel, former staffer to Rep. Devin Nunes (R-CA), who played a key role in a Republican effort to discredit Mueller’s and the FBI’s Russia probes.
  • Related: NSC’s top legislative affairs official, Virginia Boney, was removed and sent to the Commerce Department earlier this year because she kept pressing the White House to prioritize election security efforts — and specifically the threat posed by Russia. To date, there have been no traditional NSC Principals Committee meetings — with senior Cabinet officials and the president — on the subject of Russian interference this year.

On white supremacy

Page 14: During multiple meetings between the end of May 2020 and July 31, 2020, Mr. Murphy made protected disclosures to Messrs. Wolf and Cuccinelli regarding abuse of authority and improper administration of an intelligence program with respect to intelligence information on ANTIFA and “anarchist” groups operating throughout the United States.
Murphy alleges that Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Deputy Secretary Ken Cuccinelli ordered him to modify intelligence assessments to make the threat of white supremacy “appear less severe” and include information on violent “left-wing” groups and Antifa. The reason given was “to ensure they matched up with the public comments by President Trump on the subject of ANTIFA and ‘anarchist’ groups.”
After Murphy refused to change a draft report warning of the threat posed by White supremacists, Wolf and Cuccinelli reportedly stopped the report from being finished.

On immigration and asylum

In Dec. 2019, Cuccinelli expressed frustration with intelligence reports detailing conditions in Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, and accused "deep-state intelligence analysts" of compiling the information to undermine Trump's objectives regarding asylum.
Page 9: The intelligence reports were designed to help asylum officers render better determinations regarding their legal standards… Mr. Murphy defended the work in the reports, but Mr. Cuccinelli stated he wanted changes to the information outlining high levels of corruption, violence, and poor economic conditions in the three respective countries...
Mr. Cuccinelli ordered Messrs. Murphy and [former I&A Under Secretary David] Glawe to identify the names of the “deep state” individuals who compiled the intelligence reports and to either fire or reassign them immediately.
Murphy also alleges that DHS gave false information to Congress last year about the numbers of suspected terrorists crossing the southern border. At the time, administration officials were repeating a 4,000 figure in an effort to justify the government shutdown over Trump's border wall. The true number was actually six. A DHS spokeswoman pressured NBC to take down a story exposing the lie last year.

Response

Chairman Schiff has subpoenaed Murphy to testify before the Intelligence Cmte. on September 21. The Cmte. also seeks to interview high-level DHS officials including Matthew Hanna, chief of staff in Murphy's former post at DHS' Office of Intelligence and Analysis; the office's top official, Horace Jen; DHS chief of staff John Gountanis; and his deputy, Tyler Houlton.
The Senate Intelligence Cmte. issued a bipartisan request for all of the intelligence analyses that Murphy referenced in his complaint, as well as any notes and materials that fed into them. The House Homeland Security Cmte. issued a subpoena for testimony from Wolf at a hearing on Sept. 17, but DHS says that Wolf will not comply and offers Cuccinelli to testify instead. Also scheduled to be at the hearing: FBI Director Christopher Wray and Christopher Miller of the National Counterterrorism Center.

Russia still interfering

Facebook recently took down accounts and pages associated with a Russian influence operation posing as an independent news outlet. The operation published content described as “an attempt to build a left-wing audience and steer it away from Biden’s campaign, in the same way that the original IRA [Internet Research Agency] tried to depress progressive and minority support for Hillary Clinton in 2016.”
  • The same Russian operation tried and failed to infiltrate left-wing media outlets such as Jacobin, Truthout, and In These Times.
Bob Woodward reported that“the NSA and CIA have classified evidence the Russians had placed malware in the election registration systems of at least two Florida counties, St. Lucie and Washington. While there was no evidence the malware had been activated, Woodward writes, it was sophisticated and could erase voters in specific districts.”
  • Woodward’s book also notes that former director of national intelligence Dan Coats has "deep suspicions" that Russian President Vladimir Putin "had something" on President Trump, seeing "no other explanation" for the president's behavior.
Microsoft alerted SKDKnickerbocker, one of Biden’s main election campaign advisory firms, that suspected Russian state-backed hackers had gone after the company with a failed phishing attack.

DOJ, politicization, and resignations

A top aide to Connecticut U.S. Attorney John Durham, federal prosecutor Nora Dennehy, resigned from the Justice Department and Durham’s investigation into the origins of the Russia probe. Dannehy reportedly resigned “at least partly out of concern” that Trump and AG Barr were exerting improper political pressure on the team to release results before the November election.
Several officials said expectations had been growing in the White House and Congress that Mr. Barr would make public, ahead of the election, some kind of interim report or list of findings from Mr. Durham before he completed the investigation. Mr. Barr had wanted Mr. Durham’s team to move quickly, according to a person familiar with the matter.
Trump has publicly expressed impatience with the Durham investigation, saying there should be more prosecutions and disclosures of information that would damage his political rivals. “Bill Barr has the chance to be the greatest of all time, but if he wants to be politically correct, he’ll be just another guy, because he knows all the answers, he knows what they have, and it goes right to Obama and it goes right to Biden,” Trump said (clip).
Last month, Barr predicted “significant developments in the probe before the election” (clip) and he indicated the DOJ would not respect an informal policy against taking investigative steps 60 days before Election Day. It was for this exact reason that the Trump administration claimed it fired former FBI Director James Comey.
On Tuesday’s Fox News, White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows appeared to claim that he has seen documents—relevant to U.S. Attorney John Durham’s probe of the origins of the Russia investigation—which implicate several Trump and Obama administration officials in potentially illegal conduct.
  • Further reading: “Dannehy Resignation Confirms Barr’s Intent to Use Durham Probe for Political Ends,” Just Security.
Two other DOJ officials resigned last week:
Prosecutor John Choi resigned from Trump's law enforcement commission after expressing "serious" concerns that the intention of the commission was not to bridge the gap between communities of color and law enforcement.
Choi, a Democrat, said in his resignation letter that "it is now patently obvious ... that this process had no intention of engaging in a thoughtful and open analysis, but was intent on providing cover for a predetermined agenda that ignores the lessons of the past, furthering failed tough-on-crime policies that led to our current mass incarceration crisis and fueling divisions between our communities and our police officers."
Deputy Assistant AG David Morrell resigned on Friday, withdrawing from cases defending the government’s position on issues including the Census and the Portland protests.

The courts

A three-judge panel blocked the Trump administration from excluding undocumented immigrants from being counted in the census for apportionment. Trump’s order violates a statue saying apportionment must be based on everyone who is a resident of the United States.
District Judge Lucy Koh ordered the Trump admin. to produce internal documents connected to its sudden decision to end the 2020 Census count a month earlier. Two weeks ago, Koh temporarily blocked the bureau from winding down the count until a hearing set for Sept. 17.
Court-appointed adviser and retired judge John Gleeson slammed the Justice Department’s decision to drop the case against Michael Flynn, calling it a "corrupt and politically motivated favor.” A hearing on the matter is scheduled for Sept. 29.
"In the United States, Presidents do not orchestrate pressure campaigns to get the Justice Department to drop charges against defendants who have pleaded guilty -- twice, before two different judges -- and whose guilt is obvious," Gleeson wrote.
"Yet that is exactly what has unfolded here," he added.
A judge denied a bid to dismiss a lawsuit alleging that Trump's inaugural committee and the Trump Organization misused nonprofit funds to enrich the president's family business. The suit, brought by Washington, D.C., Attorney General Karl Racine in January, alleges that the president's inaugural committee was aware that it was being overcharged for services at Trump's Washington hotel in 2017 and still spent over $1 million at the hotel.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control announced two settlements totaling $583,100 with Deutsche Bank to resolve investigations into violations of Ukraine-related sanctions. The resolution came as the bank hired “an old friend” of AG Barr to “help the bank navigate the political waters in Washington.”

Trump profiting

Federal spending records show that taxpayers have paid Trump’s businesses more than $900,000 since he took office. At least $570,000 came as a result of the president’s travel.
In addition to the rentals at Mar-a-Lago, the documents show that the Trump Organization charged daily “resort fees” to Secret Service agents guarding Vice President Pence in Las Vegas and in another instance asked agents to pay a $1,300 “furniture removal charge” during a presidential visit to a Trump resort in Scotland.
Additionally, the Trump Organization has received at least $3.8 million in fees from GOP groups for headlining a political event at one of his properties.
Last month, the Trump Organization received approval for a new trademark in Argentina, the third one in the country. Last November, Trump may have altered U.S. foreign policy to assist his company in obtaining approval for the two previous trademarks. “Shortly after the trademark opposition period ended in April 2018, the Trump administration lifted tariffs on steel and aluminum in Argentina. Once the trademarks were officially granted to his company in November of last year, Trump announced that he would reinstate the tariffs.”
Somehow, Ivanka Trump’s fashion business is still making money despite being shutdown. According to her latest financial disclosures, “All operations of the business ceased on July 31, 2018.” Also according to her latest financial disclosures, she made at least six figures from the trust holding that business in 2019.
We - American taxpayers - footed the bill for “anti-scale fencing” along the perimeter of the White House this summer. The wall, ostensibly to protect Trump from protesters, cost over $1 million. Trump has a history of charging taxpayers for barriers around his properties, including $17,000 for fencing around Mar-a-Lago and $12,000 for “privacy fencing” around Trump International golf resort.

Immigration news

About 8,800 unaccompanied children have been quickly expelled from the United States along the Mexico border under a pandemic-related measure that effectively ended asylum. In total, the Trump administration has expelled more than 159,000 people since March.
ICE officers on the West Coast wanted to suppress Black Lives Matter protests in DC. But they aren't allowed to travel on charter flights without detainees on board. So they brought some detainees with them. In the process, they fueled a massive, deadly COVID outbreak at the Virginia facility that infected over 300 detainees, killing one.
The Pentagon is restarting many domestic projects that were plundered by Trump for money to pay for his border wall. The decision to revive these domestic projects has provided cover for Republican senators who were criticized when their home states lost military construction projects to the president’s wall.

Miscellaneous

Corruption: Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is bringing back his extravagant, taxpayer-funded "Madison Dinners."
Corruption: Medicaid chief Seema Verma has charged taxpayers $6 million in less than two years for expensive consultants, organizers, and events. The Republican consultants were paid by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to work on Verma’s personal image, obtain profiles and coverage from friendly reporters, escort her during travel, write opinion articles, and even draft her Twitter posts.
Corruption: The Trump administration secretly withheld millions of dollars from a program for 9/11 first responders.
Corruption: “Ukraine gas company to add Rick Perry pick to board” and “Rick Perry’s Ukrainian Dream
Protests: Trump endorsed the extrajudicial killing of the suspect in a deadly Portland, Oregon, shooting. . “This guy was a violent criminal, and the US Marshals killed him,” Trump told Fox News host Jeanine Pirro. “And I will tell you something, that’s the way it has to be. There has to be retribution” (clip).
Protests: A witness claims that the Portland suspect, Michael Forest Reinoehl, was not armed and was shot by officers without any warning.
Rightwing: “QAnon fans spread fake claims about real fires in Oregon” and “'Do not take action yourselves': Multnomah Co. Sheriff's Office warns of illegal 'checkpoints' ”
Rightwing: Mark Zuckerberg says it's "just wrong" to consider Facebook a right-wing echo chamber driven by conservative voices. But data from his own company shows that’s exactly what Facebook is.
Environment: David Legates, a University of Delaware professor of climatology who has spent much of his career questioning basic tenets of climate science, has been hired for a top position at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Environment: How Big Oil Misled The Public Into Believing Plastic Would Be Recycled. Your plastic will not be recycled.
Environment: Trump’s Fire Sale of Public Lands for Oil and Gas Drillers: The Bureau of Land Management is rushing to auction off sites ahead of a potential Biden presidency.
World: The Iranian government is considering assassinating the US ambassador to South Africa in response to the killing earlier this year of Qassem Soleimani, according to highly classified intel reports. The plot against the ambassador, Lana Marks, is one of several options US officials believe Iran is considering for retaliation over Soleimani’s death.
  • Woodward reported that Sen. Lindsey Graham urged Trump not to assassinate Suleimani while on the golf course with the president. Graham warned Trump he would be raising the stakes from “playing $10 blackjack to $10,000-a-hand blackjack”. “This is over the top,” the senator said. “How about hitting someone a level below Suleimani, which would be much easier for everyone to absorb?”
World: Read some of the “love letters” Kim Jong Un sent to Trump.
World: Woodward also reported that Trump boasted that he protected Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman after Jamal Khashoggi's brutal murder. "I saved his ass,” Trump said. “I was able to get Congress to leave him alone. I was able to get them to stop.”
submitted by rusticgorilla to Keep_Track [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 15:34 Yakel1 Show me the MSM Journalist Opposing the Torture of Assange

Show me the Murdoch journalist who has more than once published about the human rights abuses against the Palestinians. Murdoch ejected his own son from his media empire because James was insufficiently enthusiastic about the slow genocide of the Palestinians, and does not believe that the market will magically fix climate change.
The corporate media selects its mouthpieces. Scotland has become an extreme example, where 55% of the population support Independence, but only about 5% of state and corporate media “journalists” support Independence.
Julian Assange has been a light in this darkness. Wikileaks have opened a window into the secret world of war crime, murder and corruption that underlies so much of the governance we live under throughout the “free” world. Coming in the wake of the public realisation that we had been blatantly lied into the destruction of Iraq, there was a time when it seemed Assange would lead us into a new age where whistleblowers, citizen journalists and a democratic internet would revolutionise public information, with the billionaire stranglehold shattered.
https://www.craigmurray.org.uk/archives/2020/09/media-freedom-show-me-the-msm-journalist-opposing-the-torture-of-assange/
submitted by Yakel1 to FreeSpeech [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 15:34 Yakel1 Show me the MSM Journalist Opposing the Torture of Assange

Show me the Murdoch journalist who has more than once published about the human rights abuses against the Palestinians. Murdoch ejected his own son from his media empire because James was insufficiently enthusiastic about the slow genocide of the Palestinians, and does not believe that the market will magically fix climate change.
The corporate media selects its mouthpieces. Scotland has become an extreme example, where 55% of the population support Independence, but only about 5% of state and corporate media “journalists” support Independence.
Julian Assange has been a light in this darkness. Wikileaks have opened a window into the secret world of war crime, murder and corruption that underlies so much of the governance we live under throughout the “free” world. Coming in the wake of the public realisation that we had been blatantly lied into the destruction of Iraq, there was a time when it seemed Assange would lead us into a new age where whistleblowers, citizen journalists and a democratic internet would revolutionise public information, with the billionaire stranglehold shattered.
https://www.craigmurray.org.uk/archives/2020/09/media-freedom-show-me-the-msm-journalist-opposing-the-torture-of-assange/
submitted by Yakel1 to freespeechuk [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 11:31 HauntedSpy SKs you never might've heard of: Europe

\Note: Since several countries overlap into Asia, I've decided to exclude some: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Turkey will be in the* Asia post since most/all of their territory is there. Russia is an exception, as the majority of it is in Europe, and thus will be included in this post. In this post, I'll showcase a convicted or suspected SK in each country* on the European continent from a list I've been compiling about SKs around the world, which have yet to receive a Wikipedia entry. Each section will contain some info on their crimes, and a link/source from which I got it. I hope you'll find this as interesting as I do. Let us begin. ALBANIA: Sadik Kuniqi (2002; 4 victims) A delusional former soldier, he bludgeoned to death a friend and his wife in Shkodër in January 2002. Two months later, he repeated the action against another friend and his family, killing the man and his child, and almost killing the wife. In his diary, he claimed that his victims had attempted to kill him at least 33 times, and the murders were retaliatory. Sentenced to life imprisonment. ANDORRA: Joaquín Villalón Díez (1981/1992; 3 victims) The Gentleman Killer Spanish man who murdered and dismembered his lover with an electric saw in the Andorran town of Les Escaldes in 1981. Deemed mentally ill, he served time in a mental institution and released 10 years later. He returned to Madrid, Spain, where in the span of two weeks, he murdered two transsexuals: one died from third degree burns suffered from a fire, and the other was drowned in a bathtub. Imprisoned again, but released from the institution in 2013. AUSTRIA: Himberg serial killer (1997/2015; 3 victims) Hungarian national who murdered his girlfriend in his home country in 1997. Served time, moved to Austria, where he murdered a Slovak woman and his girlfriend in Himberg (the first in early 2015, and the other in October). His name has been withheld. Sentenced to life imprisonment. BELARUS: Lida serial killer (unknown-2020; 1-5+ victims) Only known by the name 'Yuri', he confessed to butchering and dismembering a woman in Tarnovo, Lida District, whose discarded remains were found on January 3rd this year. He confessed to a friend that there were at least five victims killed in a similar manner. Notably, he had previously been convicted for taking bus passengers hostage in 2003. Detained by police, his case is under investigation at the time of writing. BELGIUM: Steven Daubioul (2005-2013; 3 victims) A sex pest, he stabbed and strangled to death three women in Charleroi's Lodelinsart section while either high on drugs or to satisfy his sexual urges. In addition, he sexually assaulted a 5-year-old and had child pornography in his apartment when arrested. Sentenced to life imprisonment. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: Edin Gačić (1996-2019; 4 victims) A few months after the Bosnian War ended, he killed his roommate in Banja Luka. Convicted, served 8 years and released. While on parole in 2002, he went to his mother's apartment in Zenica, where he shot and stabbed her. Convicted in February 2003, he escaped in 2019, and in the span of a week, shot to death two men (one being a police officer) in Suhodol. Gunned down by authorities on February 12, 2019. BULGARIA: Georgi Dobryanov (1982-1985; 5+ victims) The Lozen Strangler Rapist who strangled at least five women around the Stolichnina Municipality, Sofia City Province. An innocent man was convicted for the first murder and served time in prison, and his case later caused changes in criminal law to prevent similar miscarriages of justice. Executed 1986. CROATIA: Srđan Mlađan (1998-2002; 3 victims) The Monster of Sisak Inspired to kill by movies such as Born To Kill, at the age of 15, he shot and killed a girlfriend with an automanic rifle. A little over a month later, he shot and killed an elderly neighbor with his father's rifle. He was arrested and served time, but was released in 2002 on parole. He then tried to rob a bank in Zagreb, shooting one of the arresting officers. Sentenced to 27 years imprisonment. CZECH REPUBLIC: Michal Semanský (2009-2013; 3 victims) Killed pensioners during robberies in the Hradec Králové Region. Arrested for a burglary, later confessed to the three killings. Two of the victims were his relatives. Sentenced to life imprisonment. DENMARK: Ashraf Shahidani (1991-1994; 3-9 victims) Iranian refugee who stabbed, strangled and dismembered fellow immigrants and elderly pensioners around Hvidobre, Herning and Viborg. When arrested, he confessed to an additional murder in Viborg, as well as five other homicides in Sweden and Italy, but those couldn't be verified. Found not guilty by reason of insanity, and sent to a psychiatric institution. ESTONIA: Margus Luuk (1991-2007; 3 victims) Murdered a man in Kehra, sentenced to 8 years imprisonment. While in the Rummu prison, he murdered a fellow inmate in 1995. He was released on parole, had some convictions for drug possesion in 2002 and served time until 2006. In 2007, he attended a party in Mustjõe, where he proceeed to stab four men during an altercation, killing one of them. Sentenced to life imprisonment. FINLAND: Tommi Taneli Nakari (1992-2008; 3 victims) Stabbed his common-law wife in 1992, slitting her throat. Served time, released in 1998, whereupon he beat and stabbed his mother. Released on parole, began dating a woman in 2008, whom he then stabbed and suffocated to death during a violent altercation. In each instance, he claimed he couldn't remember what had transpired. Sentenced to 14.5 years imprisonment. FRANCE: Mohamed Faleh (1995-1999; 3 victims) The Axe Killer A Moroccan-born factory worker, he butchered to death three men in Belfort and Montbéliard, stealing their money afterwards. He was captured after a would-be fourth victim survived his attack. Sentenced to life imprisonment. GERMANY: Uwe Wischniewski (1986/1991; 3 victims) A megalomaniacal cattle farmer, he raped and strangled a 17-year-old girl, discarding her corpse at a garbage dump in Brandenburg. Five years later, he raped and strangled two girls (16 and 15, respectively) in Marzahn, disposing of their bodies in a nearby forest. At the time, he was applying for a job at a Berlin Penitentiary. Sentenced to life imprisonment. GREECE: Yanis Baltass (1995-2004; 4 victims) In May 2004, he abducted his ex-fiancée from her home in Thessaloniki, killing one of her brothers in the process. After his arrest, he inexplicably confessed to three other murders: the victims were Albanian farm workers employed by him, two killed in in 1995 and one in 1996. The reasons? "They didn't milk the goats well", and the latter asked him for money that he was owed. Sentenced to life imprisonment. HUNGARY: Fourth Highway Killer (2007-2010; 4+ victims) Murdered at least three prostitutes around Karcag, and is thought to be responsible for the disappearance of a fourth. Some investigators claim that he might've began killing in the area since 1994, while others suspected that there are different perpetrators. Unsolved. ICELAND: None to my knowledge IRELAND: Maria Dunne (1896; 3+ victims) Baby farmer who killed young children in Inchicore. One of them died later at a South Dublin Hospital from the abuse it had suffered. She had neglected countless other infants, and likely murdered more than what was known. Case outcome unknown. ITALY: Ernst Schrott (1993/1995; 2+ victims) A Bolzano farmhand who murdered two prostitutes in Trentino. Although officially convicted of only two murders, I believe that he has other victims, as the gap between the years is too long, and it is said that he frequented the prostitution scene. Sentenced to life imprisonment. KOSOVO: None to my knowledge LATVIA: Yuri Krinitsyn (1975; 3 victims) The Riga Ghoul Extortionist who murdered three men, two of them KGB officials, over the summer in Riga. He was captured with the help of world-renowned composer and piano player Raimonds Pauls, whom he had tried to extort. Executed 1976. LIECHTENSTEIN: None to my knowledge LITHUANIA: Tadas Viselga (2011-2014; 3 victims) Poisoned his father (2011) and two girlfriends (OctoneDecember 2014) with clonazepam, in order to profit off their deaths by obtaining their apartments. Sentenced to life imprisonment. LUXEMBOURG: None to my knowledge MALTA: None to my knowledge MOLDOVA: Durlești Maniac (2007-2011; 6 victims) Also known as the Moldovan Zodiac, he attacked couples in the Durlești and Ialoveni areas, killing six people and wounding many others. A man was prosecuted and convicted for one of the murders, but was later found to be innocent. Unsolved. MONACO: None to my knowledge MONTENEGRO: None to my knowledge NETHERLANDS: Theodorus van Berkel (1940-1960: 3+ victims) A dangerous sex offender who served time in the USA for serial rapes of children, he was deported to North Brabant, where he went on to kill at least three children in two decades. Suspected of other murders, including a 1941 double murder in Mierlo. Died in prison. NORTH MACEDONIA: Laze Radevski (1993-2003; 3 victims) The Ohrid Serial Killer Stabbed to death three foreign currency dealers in Ohrid. I could get little information on this guy, since most of the news link appear to be dead. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NORWAY: Sofie Johannesdotter (1869-1875; 5-8 victims) Swedish maid who poisoned her employers in present-day Halden, burning down the home of a couple as well. Also suspected of poisoning three other people, but denide responsibility for those deaths. Executed 1876. POLAND: Kołobrzeg Serial Killer (2016-2018; 3+ victims) Known only as 'Mariusz G.', a local entrepreneur linked to the murders of at least three prostitutes in the area. The victims' properties, including a car, were later found in his possession. Awaiting trial. PORTUGAL: Zé Borrego (1960s; 5+ victims) A deeply religious trader, he moved to Lisbon, where a divine power allegedy told him to murder homosexual men. He would lure them on the pretense of sexual favors, then strangled them in their bedrooms, dismembering the bodies and throwing the remains in the nearby river. Committed suicide in jail. ROMANIA: Adrian Stroe (1992; 3 victims) The Taxi Driver Killer Former taxi driver who killed prostitutes in Bucharest between March and September, throwing their bodies in the Pantelimon lake or the Glina Canal. First known SK following the Romanian Revolution. Sentenced to life imprisonment. RUSSIA: Sergey Kashintsev (1975-1987; 8-58 victims) The Limping Killer Despite being born with a disability in his legs causing a severe limp, Kashintsev was a savvy and ruthless killer who raped and strangled his victims all across the RSFSR using a noose. Due to the different oblasts not connecting the murders, he was allowed to roam free for a long time. After his arrest, he claimed 58 victims, surpassing the victim count of maniacs like Andrei Chikatilo and Anatoly Onoprienko. Executed 1990. SAN MARINO: None to my knowledge SERBIA: Stole Trifunović (1940s-1948; 16-60+ victims) The Serbian Ripper An academically gifted man, but sexually promiscuous and a Jack the Ripper fanatic, he would beat and kill victims of both sexes, mainly couples, raping the women. Horrifyingly, while torturing his victims, he would read them poetry from literature from the likes of Honoré de Balzac. When arrested, he confessed to killing at least 60 people in Belgrade and the surrounding area. Committed suicide in prison. SLOVAKIA: Marek Zivala (1996-1998; 3 victims) A violent sadomasochist, he would tie up his victims with cloths and shove towels down their mouths, either leaving them to suffocate or strangling them before robbing their apartments. The first killing was in the Czech town of Most, while the other were in Žilina and Topoľčany. Sentenced to life imprisonment. SLOVENIA: Anna Vucored (1930s-1938; 1-6 victims) Maid who strangled the children of her employers because they were crying too much. Arrested for one murder in Slovenske Konjice, but confessed to another five which had mysteriously died under her care. Case outcome unknown. SPAIN: Almería serial killer (1989-1996; 10+ victims) The naked bodies of young, drug-addicted prostitutes were discovered either beaten or strangled to death in the region. The similarities in these crimes suggested a serial offender was working in the area, with some suspecting that German truck driver Volker Eckert might've been responsible. No definitive suspects have been arrested, and the case remains cold. Unsolved. SWEDEN: Alva Nordberg (1905; 3-4 victims) Stockholm baby farmer who killed children between May to July, 1905. She was not convicted in the final death. Sentenced to four years imprisonment, further fate unknown. SWITZERLAND: Roland Kübler (1982-2008; 3-4 victims) Former psychiatric nurse who sexually abused and strangled two boys (1982 and 1996) and later an inmate in prison, who was about to be released. Additionally suspected of killing a 17-year-old in 1984, and burying his body in the forest near Schaffhausen. His case was covered on Forensic Files. Died in prison. UKRAINE: Yuriy 'Elvis' Kuzmenko (2006-2009; 13+ victims) The Boyarka Maniac Suffering from money problems and alcohol dependency, he would go around the Kiev-Sviatoshyn Raion, where he would rob, rape and strangle at least 13 girls and young women. After his arrest, he confessed to a total of 206 murders, and was willing to help the investigators locate all the bodies. It's unclear if the investigation into his claims is continuing. Sentenced to life imprisonment. UNITED KINGDOM: BERMUDA: Wendell Lightbourne (1959; 3 victims) Golf caddie who raped and strangled female tourists around the island's southern shores between March and September, leaving bite marks on the bodies. Only known SK in the territory's history. Sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment, which is he serving in an undisclosed prison in England. ENGLAND: William Burkitt (1915-1939; 3 victims) The Hessle Road Killer A local fisherman, Burkitt strangled and stabbed three wives to death in Hull (1915, 1925, 1939), being released from prison each time. Yes, including the last one. However, he was finally detained indefinitely to the Hull Royal Infirmary, where he tried to unsuccessfully escape from. Died in the hospital. NORTHERN IRELAND: None to my knowledge SCOTLAND: Susan MacLeod (1996-2001; 2-3 victims) Smothered to death three of her children in Glasgow's, wrapping the bodies up in bin bags and leaving them at her flat. Found guilty of two counts of culpable homicide. Avoided trial, released on bail and freed in 2004. WALES: Joseph Kappen (1973; 3 victims) The Saturday Night Strangler Raped and strangled three young girls (one in February, and the other two in September). Although he was a convicted sex offender, there wasn't enough physical evidence to connect him to the crimes. More than a decade after his death, he was posthumosly linked to the crimes via his DNA. Wales' first documented SK. Died before he could be arrested. VATICAN CITY: None to my knowledge
submitted by HauntedSpy to serialkillers [link] [comments]


2020.08.31 01:08 Gileriodekel The History of a Controversial Hymn: "Praise To The Man"

WW Phelps wrote "Praise to the Man" in August 1844, about a month after Joseph Smith was killed, and had it anonymously published in the Times and Seasons.. It originally had a different tune: The Star in the East. Additionally, its lyrics were different. In full, they were:
Verse 1:
Praise to the man who commun'd with Jehovah
Jesus anointed "that Prophet and Seer,"
Blessed to open the last dispensation -
Kings shall extol him, and nations revere.
Chorus:
Hail to the Prophet, ascended to heaven,
Traitors and tyrants now fight him in vain,
Mingling with Gods, he can plan for his brethren,
Death cannot conquer the hero again
Verse 2:
Praise to his mem'ry, he died as a martyr;
Honor'd and blest be his ever great name;
Long shall his blood, which was shed by assassins,
Stain Illinois, while the earth lauds his fame.
Chorus
Verse 3:
Great is his glory, and endless his priesthood,
Ever and ever the keys he will hold;
Faithful and true he will enter his kingdom,
Crown'd in the midst of the prophets of old
Chorus
Verse 4:
Sacrifice brings forth the blessings of heaven;
Earth must atone for the blood of that man!
Wake up the world for the conflict of justice,
Millions shall know "brother Joseph" again.
Chorus
 
As you can see, this is different than the version that many are familiar with. In 1927 the LDS church changed "Long shall his blood, which was shed by assassins, / Stain Illinois, while the earth lauds his fame." and replaced it with "Long shall his blood, which was shed by assassins, / Plead unto heav'n, while the earth lauds his fame." The LDS church did this to bring the song into compliance with "The Good Neighbor policy)", which sought to remove any suggestion in church literature, sermons, and ordinances that its members should seek vengeance on US citizens or governments, particularly for the assassinations of Joseph and Hyrum Smith.
Additionally, the LDS church changed the melody to use the tune of "[Scotland The Brave](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xqeYKf8tdsU0".
 
Community of Christ members would likely not recognize this hymn at all. Joseph Smith III felt uncomfortable with how his father was revered in the lyrics so he personally rewrote them and renamed the hymn "Praise to the Lord". Additionally, Joseph Smith III wasn't a monolatrist like his father, and so removed monolatristic references from the hymn. The hymn was only in the 1870 RLDS hymnal, and then removed altogether and has never been added back into any other RLDS hymnal. The modified lyrics read as follows:
Verse 1:
Praise to the Lord for the great restoration
Brought by the angel to Joseph the Seer,
Blessed to open the last dispensation-
the church to establish, the gospel declare.
Chorus:
Hail to the Prophet, ascended to heaven,
Traitors and tyrants now fight him in vain,
Mingling with Gods, he can plan for his brethren,
Death cannot conquer the hero again
Verse 2:
Praise to his mem'ry, he died as a martyr;
Honor'd and blest be his ever great name;
Millions will love him and justice will triumph,
The martyr will rise with his Savior to reign
Chorus:
Verse 3:
Great was his calling and endless his priesthood,
Ever and ever the keys he will hold;
faithful and true he will enter the kingdom,
Crowned in the midst of the prophets of old
 
Both of the major sects of Mormonism agree that this is a controversial song that was worthy of editing. Ultimately, I don't think Joseph Smith is worth revering in hymns. It feels waaaaay to close to worshipping him. I think the RLDS had the right idea by just ditching the hymn altogether.
submitted by Gileriodekel to mormon [link] [comments]


2020.08.26 00:31 PintSizedHerzl Help tracking down some older military records (historical questions)

I was sent here from /military — hoping maybe someone here can help out with more specialized knowledge of how the UK military worked in the past.
My great-grandfather died when my father was quite young and its always bothered him — he never spoke of his life when he was younger. We know he was a WW1 vet and that he died due his injuries several decades later — lung issues as a result of a gas exposure during the war.
First — I am aware of the National Archives fire destroyed a huge portion of WW1 records and totally am keeping it in mind I may never actually get my answer, but I am going to try. Here is what I know:
My great-grandfather Thomas was born in Edinburgh in 1899.
There is a 35 page full-military record for someone of his name and place of birth— but that person was born in 1900 (year is not listed but his age at some point in 1918 is 18 and several months, when Thomas should had been 19 by that point.) There were only two men born in Edinburgh with his name per the Scottish Registry, and the other one was born in 1898, thus ruling the older Thomas out. No Thomas was registered in 1900 or 1901 in Edinburgh, or all of Scotland. I have no idea if this is him or not. Naturally, in this massive record, the only page seemingly missing is the one that lists the next-of-kin.
Thomas moved to the USA sometime prior to his death and ended up dying in a VA hospital system in the 60’s — in the USA, only veterans may use a VA hospital system. I was informed there is an agreement between the UK and USA to treat other’s veterans from both World Wars, so thus I know for a fact that Thomas did serve during the war. The VA filled out his death certificate and noted that he was a British WW1 veteran. He must have had some sort of proof of service for this to have had happened.
So I have a few questions —
First, is anyone familiar with how WW1 units were assigned? I know the UK was infamous for grouping people from the same area together, thus resulting in tragedy. Was it based off of location, or other factors? When digging, i’ve ruled out documents for non-Scottish units, but I really have no understanding of how the system worked so perhaps this is erroneous. Both his parents were Irish — I’ve wondered if it would have complicated this further in regards to units he may have served under.
Second, if based off of anything I said, I am missing some historical oddity or sign that I should be aware of, please let me know!
Third, does anyone know anywhere else WW1 records may exist outside of the National Archives in the UK? I’ve tried there and on Ancestry/FindMyPast — I have a possible medal recipient that could be him, but other than that, I have no idea what I am doing.
Sorry for the odd/vague wording, and thanks for the help. Stay safe everyone!
submitted by PintSizedHerzl to britishmilitary [link] [comments]


2020.08.22 20:01 Leather_Term Unearthed photographs expose Robert Maxwell’s crusade with Royal Family

express.co.uk Aug 22, 2020
GHISLAINE MAXWELL's father, Robert, managed to integrate himself with members of the Royal Family for years - just like his daughter - before his death exposed his corrupt business dealings.
nb: multiple photos within article
Ms Maxwell was arrested last month on charges related to the sexual abuse of young women and girls by her ex-boyfriend Jeffrey Epstein between 1994 and 1997 — he killed himself while waiting for his own trial last year. Ms Maxwell has pleaded not guilty to the charges, but is waiting for her trial next summer behind bars after being denied bail. Her arrest has intensified the scrutiny on Prince Andrew, as he was friends with both the British socialite and Epstein.
Andrew said last November that he continues to “unequivocally regret my ill-judged association with Jeffrey Epstein”, and that he “deeply sympathise[s] with everyone who has been affected”, while acknowledging that the furore their friendship caused meant he should step back from public life.
He also claims he has offered to help with the US investigation into Epstein’s alleged sex trafficking ring on three separate occasions, despite this being disputed by US authorities.
Furthermore, in an interview with BBC Newsnight, Andrew said “there was no indication” from his end that Epstein was procuring young girls for sex trafficking.
Still, Andrew is believed to have been introduced to Epstein in around 1999 by Ghislaine Maxwell.
Back in 2000, writer Peter Fearon claimed Ms Maxwell wanted to be friends with Andrew because “the public gesture of friendship by Britain’s most eligible royal was a signal to the world that the once reviled Maxwells were back”.
Ghislaine Maxwell with her father, and Robert Maxwell with Princess Diana
Ms Maxwell was the youngest daughter of the late media mogul and former Labour MP Robert Maxwell.
A publishing giant who was also a decorated war hero, Mr Maxwell’s web of contacts stretched across many different powerful social circles.
Staff claim they would hear him trying to impress visitors by picking up the phone and saying, “Get me the White House. Get me No.10”, and then pretend to have a conversation.
Mr Maxwell’s empire meant he had many powerful connections, and met figures such Ronald Reagan, George HW Bush and John Major — as well as the Queen.
He mysteriously disappeared from his yacht in 1991 and his body was found in the Atlantic a few hours later.
His death revealed that his media empire was in tatters, due to debt — even though he was believed to be one of the wealthiest men in the world for a time.
The New York Post alleged that Ms Maxwell had to walk around in London in a wig to avoid recognition after her father’s fall from grace — it was only through Andrew that she managed to revive her family’s reputation.
However, a glance back at Mr Maxwell’s past exposes how he, too, used his royal connections to his advantage.
In 1983, Mr Maxwell was pictured shaking the Queen’s hand with his daughter Ghislaine in the background, with all three smiling.
This meeting showed a real turnaround for the media mogul, as in 1971, the Department of Trade and Industry reported that he was "not in our opinion a person who can be relied on to exercise proper stewardship of a publicly quoted company".
Another archived photograph from the Eighties — with no specific date — shows the media mogul presenting something to the Queen, who looks delighted and is beaming from ear to ear.
Then in 1985, Mr Maxwell was pictured with Princess Diana and Prince Charles.
The caption read: “Media Mogul Robert Maxwell with Princess Diana and Prince Charles, discussing the upcoming Commonwealth Games (1986), to be held in Scotland, Princess Diana is presented with a presentation book to commemorate the upcoming Royal Wedding of Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson, also taking place next year, Pictured July 1985.”
Diana is seen looking at the presentation book while Mr Maxwell and Charles are deep in conversation.
Again, this showed Mr Maxwell resisting negative publicity. One of his new employees Joe Haines had dubbed him a "liar and a crook" around this time, but Mr Maxwell's crusade through the publishing industry did not stop.
That same year, photographer Kent Gavin caught Mr Maxwell with Charles and Prince William together at an airshow.
Mr Maxwell can be seen pointing enthusiastically in the distance, in a series of photographs with the Prince of Wales, while both Charles and William look engaged.
In 1987, Mr Maxwell expanded his empire even further and purchased part of IPC Media and made Fleetway Publications.
He also launched the unsuccessful London Daily News but it closed six months later.
In 1988, Diana was pictured again with Mr Maxwell, as they both attended the National AIDS Trust at Guildhall.
They are seen standing next to one another, sharing a joke.
By this time, Maxwell owned Mirror titles, Pergamon Press, Nimbus Records, Maxwell Directories and half a share in MTV in Europe — as well as a collection of other companies.
In the year of his death, he bought the New York Daily News.
When news of his death became public, the then Prime Minister John Major rushed to acknowledge he was a "great character", while the Labour Party leader Neil Kinnock said he had a "zest for life".
Ghislaine Maxwell was thought to be her father's favourite child
However, the reality of Mr Maxwell's finances soon emerged and his sons Kevin and Ian Maxwell were left to deal with his debts after their father’s sudden death.
At his 1995 trial, Kevin described his father by saying: “He did not consider himself above the law… but would stretch it as far as it would go.”
Mr Maxwell had raided his employees’ pension pots in an attempt to prop up failing businesses in his empire, meaning more than £400million were missing.
Historian Ben Macintyre even wrote in The Times last month of Mr Maxwell's influence on his youngest and favourite child.
As she awaits her trial, Mr Macintyre claims she was reportedly "entirely dependent" on her father and grew up in his shadow.
edited: photo links added
submitted by Leather_Term to Epstein [link] [comments]


2020.08.22 12:19 EnclavedMicrostate Tartaria: The Supposed Mega-Empire of Inner Eurasia

Introduction

For those not in the know, the Tartaria conspiracy theory is one of the most bizarre pieces of pseudo history out there. Its core notion is that the region known as ‘Tartaria’ or ‘Grand Tartary’ in Early Modern European maps was not simply a vague geographical designate, but in fact a vast, centralised empire. Said empire emerged… at some point, and it disappeared… at some point, but for… some reason, its existence has been covered up to suit… some narrative or another. As you can tell, there’s a lot of diverse ideas here, and the fact that there hasn’t been the equivalent of a Christological schism every time a controversial thread goes up is really quite impressive. While this post will primarily address one particular piece of writing that is at the core of Tartaria conspiracy theorising, I’ll include a few tidbits to show you just how much madness its adherents have come up with. But first, some background.

State of Play, and why I’m doing this

The Tartaria theory has a small but active following on subreddits such as Tartaria, tartarianarchitecture, and CulturalLayer, which as of writing have around 5,300, 2,400 and 23,000 subscribers, respectively, but it’s clear from the 8 questions on the topic asked at AskHistorians since January 2019 and this debunk request from June that it’s a theory that has somewhat broad appeal and can reach beyond its core niche. This is unsurprising given how little education most people in the West receive about basically anything east of Greece: simply put, the reality of Eurasian history is just not something most of us are taught. And if we don’t know the reality of Eurasian history to begin with, or if we do then it's all in bits and pieces where we might not even know a basic set of dates and names, then what seems to be a pretty developed narrative about a lost empire actually turns out rather plausible.
Unfortunately, many debunks of the Tartaria narrative come from people pushing competing conspiracy theories, like this guy claiming that there’s a global Jewish Phoenecian conspiracy and that Tartaria is simply rehashing the notion that Khazars were Jews in order to distract from the real Phoenecian threat at the heart of global society or some nonsense like that. (I don’t really care, I died of laughter after page 3.) Now, there are those coming from serious perspectives, but they focus largely on the problems with Tartaria as a concept rather than addressing the more specific claims being made. This is of course valuable in its own right (shoutout to Kochevnik81 for their responses to the AskHistorians threads), but we can go deeper by really striking at the roots of this ‘theory’ – what is the ‘evidence’ they’re presenting? But to do that, we need to find out what the origins of the ‘theory' are, and thus what its linchpins are. Incidentally, it is because of some recent events regarding those origins that I’ve been finally prompted to write this post.

Where does it come from?

My attempts to find the exact origins of the Tartaria conspiracy have been not entirely fruitful, as the connections I’ve found have been relatively circumstantial at best. But as far as I can tell, it at least partially originates with that Russian pseudohistorian we all know and love, Anatoly Fomenko. Fomenko is perhaps best known in the English-speaking world for his 7-volume ‘epic’ from 2002, History: Fiction or Science?, but in fact he’s been pushing a complete ‘New Chronology’ since the publication of Novaia khronologia in Russian in 1995. While the New Chronology is best known for its attempt to explain away most of the Middle Ages as a hoax created by the Papacy on the basis of bad astronomy, it also asserts a number of things about Russian history from the Kievan Rus’ to the Romanovs. Key to the Tartaria theory is its claim that there was a vast Slavo-Turkic ‘Russian Horde’ based out of ‘Tartaria’ which dominated Eurasia until the last ‘Horde’ ruler, Boris Godunov, was overthrown by the European Mikhail Romanov. This, of course, is a clear attempt at countering the notion of a ‘Tatar Yoke’ over Russia, as you can’t have a ‘Tatar Yoke’ if the Tatars were Russians all along. Much as I’d like to explain that in more detail here, I don’t have to: in 2004, Konstantin Sheiko at the University of Wollongong wrote an entire PhD thesis looking at the claims of Fomenko’s New Chronology and contextualising them within currents of Russian nationalism, which can be accessed online.
But I personally suspect that if there are Fomenko connections as far as Tartaria specifically is concerned, they are limited. For one, at one stage users on the Tartaria subreddit seemed unfamiliar with Fomenko, and there are those arguing that Fomenko had ‘rewritten’ Tartarian history to be pro-Russian. This is why I said that the evidence was circumstantial. The only other link to Fomenko is indirect: the CulturalLayer sidebar lists the ‘New Chronology Resource Collection’ and the audiobook of History: Fiction or Science? under ‘Essential Resources’, and Tartaria in its ‘Related Subs’.
As far as I can tell, the ultimate origin of its developed form on the Anglophone web traces back to this post on the StolenHistory forums, posted on 17 April 2018. This makes some chronological sense: only one post on CulturalLayer that mentions Tartaria predates this. Moreover, KorbenDallas, the OP of the thread, was also the forum’s chief admin, and given that StolenHistory is still (as of writing) the top resource on CulturalLayer’s sidebar, that suggests significant influence. However, using the search function on camas.reddit.io, it was mentioned at least 9 times before then, with the first mention, on 10 January 2018, mentioning that the ‘theory’ had been doing the rounds on the Russian web for at least 5 years. Nevertheless, as the detail in these early comments is sparse and generally refers only to speculation about maps, it is probably fair to say that the first in-depth English-language formulation of the Tartaria ‘theory’ was thus the April 2018 forum post. Funnily enough, it is not cited often on Tartaria, but that subreddit was created on 27 December, long after discussion had been taking place on places like CulturalLayer, and combined with the ‘mudflood’ ‘theory’ and the notion of giant humans, which are not significant features of the StolenHistory thread. This more convoluted and multifaceted version of the Tartaria theory doesn’t really have a single-document articulation, hence me not covering it here.
It is this StolenHistory thread which I will be looking at here today. Not just because it seems to be at the heart of it all, but also because it got shut down around 36 hours ago as of writing this post, based on the timestamps of panicked ‘what happened to StolenHistory’ posts on CulturalLayer and Tartaria. So what better occasion to go back to the Wayback Machine’s version, seeing as it’s now quite literally impossible to brigade the source? Now as I’ve said, this is not the most batshit insane it gets for the Tartaria crowd, in fact it’s incredibly tame. But by the end of it, I bet you’ll be thinking ‘if this is mild, how much more worse is the modern stuff!?’ And the best part is, I can debunk most of it without recourse to any other sources at all, because so much of it involves them posting sources out of context or expecting them to be read tendentiously.
But that’s enough background. Let us begin.

Part 1: The Existence

Exhibit 1: The Encylcopædia Britannica, 1771

”Tartary, a vast country in the northern parts of Asia, bounded by Siberia on the north and west: this is called Great Tartary. The Tartars who lie south of Muscovy and Siberia, are those of Astracan, Circassia, and Dagistan, situated north-west of the Caspian-sea; the Calmuc Tartars, who lie between Siberia and the Caspian-sea; the Usbec Tartars and Moguls, who lie north of Persia and India; and lastly, those of Tibet, who lie north-west of China.” - Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. III, Edinburgh, 1771, p. 887.
Starting a post about the ‘hidden’ history of Central Asia with an encyclopædia entry from Scotland is really getting off to a good start, isn’t it? Anyone with a sense of basic geography can tell you that Tibet lies due west of China, not northwest. But more importantly, this shows you how single-minded the Tartaria advocates are and how tendentiously they read things. ‘Country’ need not actually refer to a state entity, it can just be a geographical space, especially in more archaic contexts such as this. Moreover, the ethnographic division of the ‘Tartars’ into Astrakhanis, Circassians, Dagestanis, Kalmuks, Uzbeks, and, for whatever reason, Tibetans, pretty clearly goes against the notion of a unified Tartary.
Now compare to the description given by Wikipedia, ”Tartary (Latin: Tartaria) or Great Tartary (Latin: Tartaria Magna) was a name used from the Middle Ages until the twentieth century to designate the great tract of northern and central Asia stretching from the Caspian Sea and the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, settled mostly by Turko-Mongol peoples after the Mongol invasion and the subsequent Turkic migrations.”
Obviously, Wikipedia is not a good source for… anything, really, but the fact that they’re giving a 349-year-old encyclopaedia primacy over the summary sentence of a wiki article is demonstrative of how much dishonesty is behind this. And it only gets worse from here.

Exhibit 2: Hermann Moll’s A System of Geography, 1701

THE Country of Tartary, call'd Great Tartary, to distinguish it from the Lesser, in Europe, has for its Boundaries, on the West, the Caspian Sea, and Moscovitick Tartary; on the North, the Scythian, or Tartarian Sea; on the East, the Sea of the Kalmachites, and the Straight of Jesso; and on the South, China, India, or the Dominions of the great Mogul and Persia : So that it is apparently the largest Region of the whole Continent of Asia, extending it self [sic] farthest, both towards the North and East: In the modern Maps, it is plac'd within the 70th and 170th Degree of Longitude, excluding Muscovitick Tartary; as also between the 40 and 72 Degree of Northern Latitude.
Immediately underneath the scan of this text is the statement, clearly highlighted, that
Tartary was not a tract. It was a country.
Hmm, very emphatic there. Except wait no, the same semantic problem recurs. ‘Country’ need not mean ‘state’. Moreover, in the very same paragraph, Moll (or rather his translator) refers to Tartary as a ‘Region’, which very much disambiguates the idea. Aside from that, it is telling that Moll refers to three distinct ‘Tartaries’: ’Great Tartary’ in Asia, ‘Lesser Tartary’ in Europe, and ‘Muscovite Tartary’ – that is, the eastern territories of the Russian Tsardom. If, as they are saying, ‘Great Tartary’ was a coherent entity, whatever happened to ‘Lesser Tartary’?

Exhibit 3: A 1957 report by the CIA on ‘National Cultural Development Under Communism’

Is a conspiracy theorist… actually believing a CIA document? Yep. I’ll add some context later that further complicates the issue.
Or let us take the matter of history, which, along with religion, language and literature, constitute the core of a people’s cultural heritage. Here again the Communists have interfered in a shameless manner. For example, on 9 August 1944, the Central Committee of the Communist Party, sitting in Moscow, issued a directive ordering the party’s Tartar Provincial Committee “to proceed to a scientific revolution of the history of Tartaria, to liquidate serious shortcomings and mistakes of a nationalistic character committed by individual writers and historians in dealing with Tartar history.” In other words, Tartar history was to be rewritten—let its be frank, was to be falsified—in order to eliminate references to Great Russian aggressions and to hide the facts of the real course of Tartar-Russian relations.
[similar judgement on Soviet rewriting of histories of Muslim areas to suit a pro-Russian agenda]
What’s fascinating about the inclusion of this document is that it is apparently often invoked as a piece of anti-Fomenko evidence, by tying New Chronology in with older Russian-nationalist Soviet revisionism. So not only is it ironic that they’re citing a CIA document, of all things, but a CIA document often used to undermine the spiritual founder of the whole Tartaria ‘theory’ in the first place! But to return to the point, the fundamental issue is that it’s tendentious. This document from 1957 obviously is not going to be that informed on the dynamics of Central Asian ethnicity and history in the way that a modern scholar would be.
In a broader sense, what this document is supposed to prove is that Soviet coverups are why we don’t know about Tartaria. But if most of the evidence came from Western Europe to begin with, why would a Soviet coverup matter? Why wasn’t Tartarian history deployed as a counter-narrative during the Cold War?

Exhibit 4: ‘An 1855 Source’

This is from a footnote in Sir George Cornwalle Lewis’ An Inquiry into the Credibility of the Early Roman History, citing a travelogue by Evariste Huc that had been published in French in 1850 and was soon translated into English. From the digitised version of of Huc’s book on Project Gutenberg (emphasis copied over from the thread):
Such remains of ancient cities are of no unfrequent occurrence in the deserts of Mongolia; but everything connected with their origin and history is buried in darkness. Oh, with what sadness does such a spectacle fill the soul! The ruins of Greece, the superb remains of Egypt,—all these, it is true, tell of death; all belong to the past; yet when you gaze upon them, you know what they are; you can retrace, in memory, the revolutions which have occasioned the ruins and the decay of the country around them. Descend into the tomb, wherein was buried alive the city of Herculaneum,—you find there, it is true, a gigantic skeleton, but you have within you historical associations wherewith to galvanize it. But of these old abandoned cities of Tartary, not a tradition remains; they are tombs without an epitaph, amid solitude and silence, uninterrupted except when the wandering Tartars halt, for a while, within the ruined enclosures, because there the pastures are richer and more abundant.
There’s a paraphrase from Lewis as well, but you can just read it on the thread. The key thing here is that yes, there were abandoned settlements in the steppe. Why must this be indicative of a lost sedentary civilisation, and not instead the remnants of political capitals of steppe federations which were abandoned following those federations’ collapse? Places like Karakorum, Kubak Zar, Almaliq and Sarai were principally built around political functions, being centres for concentration of religious and ritual authority (especially monasteries) and stores of non-movable (or difficult to move) wealth. But individual examples of abandoned settlements are not evidence of broad patterns of settlement that came to be abandoned en masse. Indeed, the very fact that the cited shepherd calls the abandoned location ‘The Old Town’ in the singular implies just how uncommon such sites were – for any given region, there might really only be one of note.

Exhibit 5: Ethnic characteristics in artistic depictions of Chinggis and Timur

I… don’t quite know what to make of these.
Today, we have certain appearance related stereotypes. I think we are very much off there. It looks like Tartary was multi-religious, and multi-cultural. One of the reasons I think so is the tremendous disparity between what leaders like Genghis Khan, Batu Khan, Timur aka Tamerlane looked like to the contemporary artists vs. the appearance attributed to them today.
Ummm, what?
These are apparently what they look like today. These are ‘contemporary’ depictions of Chinggis:
Except, as the guy posting the thread says, these are 15th-18th century depictions… so NOT CONTEMPORARY.
As for Timur, we have:
In what bizzaro world are these contemporary?
We’ll get to Batur Khan in a moment because that’s its own kettle of worms. But can this user not recognise that artists tend to depict things in ways that are familiar? Of course white European depictions of Chinggis and Timur will tend to make them look like white Europeans, while East Asian depictions of Chinggis will tend to make him look Asian, and Middle Eastern depictions of Chinggis and Timur will make them look Middle Eastern. This doesn’t prove that ‘Tartaria’ was multicultural, in fact it you’d have an easier time using this ‘evidence’ to argue that Chinggis and Timur were shapeshifters who could change ethnicities at will!

Exhibit 6: Turkish sculptures

Why this person thinks modern Turkish sculptures are of any use to anyone baffles me. The seven sculptures shown are of Batu Khan (founder of the ‘Golden Horde’/Jochid khanates), Timur, Bumin (founder of the First Turkic Khaganate), Ertugrul (father of Osman, the founder of the Ottoman empire), Babur (founder of the Mughal Empire), Attila the Hun, and Kutlug Bilge Khagan (founder of the Uyghur Khaganate). They are accompanied (except in the case of Ertugrul) by the dates of the empires/confederations that they founded – hence, for instance, Babur’s dates being 1526 to 1858, the lifespan of the Mughal Empire, or Timur’s being 1368 (which seems arbitrary) to 1507 (the fall of Herat to the Shaybanids). To quote the thread:
A few of them I do not know, but the ones I do look nothing like what I was taught at school. Also dates are super bizarre on those plaques.
Again, Turkish sculptors make Turkic people look like Turks. Big surprise. And the dates are comprehensible if you just take a moment to think.
Do Turks know something we don't?
Turkish, evidently.

Exhibit 7: A map from 1652 that the user can’t even read

The other reason why I think Tartary had to be multi-religious, and multi-cultural is its vastness during various moments in time. For example in 1652 Tartary appears to have control over the North America.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1652-nova-totius-terrarum-orbis-geographica-ac-hydrographica-tabula_1-1-jpg.37277/
This speaks for itself.
The thread was later edited to include a link to a post on ‘Tartarians’ in North America made on 7 August 2018, but that’s beside the point here, read at your own leisure (if you can call it ‘leisure’). Except for the part where at one point he admits he can’t read Latin, and so his entire theory in that post is based on the appearance of the word ‘Tartarorum’ in an unspecified context on a map of North America.

Part 2: The Coverup

The official history is hiding a major world power which existed as late as the 19th century. Tartary was a country with its own flag, its own government and its own place on the map. Its territory was huge, but somehow quietly incorporated into Russia, and some other countries. This country you can find on the maps predating the second half of the 19th century.
…Okay then.

Exhibit 8: Google Ngrams

https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_ngram-jpg.37276/
This screenshot shows that the use of ‘Tartary’ and ‘Tartaria’ declined significantly over time. This is apparently supposed to surprise us. Or maybe it shows that we actually understand the region better…

Part 1a: Back to the existence

You know, a common theme with historical conspiracy theories is how badly they’re laid out, in the literal sense of the layout of their documents and video content. Don’t make a header called ‘The Coverup’ and then only have one thing before jumping back to the evidence for the existence again.

Exhibit 9: A Table

Yet, some time in the 18th century Tartary Muskovite was the biggest country in the world: 3,050,000 square miles.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_huge-13-jpg.37329/
I do not have enough palms to slap into my face. Do they not understand that this is saying how much of Tartary was owned… by foreign powers?

Exhibit 10: Book covers

You can look at the images on the thread itself but here’s a few highlights:
Histories of the Qing conquest of China, because as far as Europeans were concerned the Manchus were Tartars. Proof of Tartaria because…?
An ambassador who never set foot in ‘Tartary’ itself, cool cool, very good evidence there.
There’s also three screenshots from books that aren’t even specifically named, so impossible to follow up. Clearly this is all we need.

Exhibit 11: Maps

The maps are the key think the Tartaria pushers use. All these maps showing ‘Grand Tartary’ or ‘Tartaria’ or what have you. There’s 20 of these here and you can look for yourselves, but the key thing is: why do these people assume that this referred to a single state entity? Because any of these maps that include the world more generally will also present large parts of Africa in generic terms, irrespective of actual political organisation in these regions. And many of the later maps clearly show the tripartite division of the region into ‘Chinese Tartary’, ‘Russian Tartary’, and ‘Independent Tartary’, which you think would be clear evidence that most of this region was controlled by, well, the Chinese (really, the Manchus) and the Russians. And many of these maps aren’t even maps of political organisation, but geographical space. See how many lump all of mainland Southeast Asia into ‘India’. Moreover, the poor quality of the mapping should give things away. This one for instance is very clear on the Black Sea coast, but the Caspian is a blob, and moreover, a blob that’s elongated along the wrong axis! They’re using Western European maps as an indicator of Central Asian realities in the most inept way possible, and it would be sad if it weren’t so hilarious. The fact that the depictions of the size of Tartaria are incredibly inconsistent also seems not to matter.

Exhibit 12: The Tartarian Language

There’s an 1849 American newspaper article referring to the ‘Tartarian’ language, which is very useful thank you, and definitely not more reflective of American ignorance than actual linguistic reality.
The next one is more interesting, because it’s from a translation of some writing by a French Jesuit, referring to the writing of Manchu, and who asserted (with very little clear evidence) that it could be read in any direction. In April last year, Tartaria users [claimed to have stumbled on a dictionary of Tartarian and French](np.reddit.com/Tartaria/comments/bi3aph/tartarian_language_dictionary/) called the Dictionnaire Tartare-Mantchou-François. What they failed to realise is that the French generally called the Manchus ‘Tartare-Mantchou’, and this was in fact a Manchu-French dictionary. In other words, a [Tartare-Mantchou]-[François] dictionary, not a [Tartare]-[Mantchou]-[François] dictionary. It is quite plausible, in fact probable, that the ‘Tartarian’ referred to in the newspaper article was Manchu.

Exhibit 13: Genealogies of Tartarian Kings

Descended From Genghiscan
Reads the comment above this French chart. How the actual hell did OP not recognise that ‘Genghiscan’ is, erm, Genghis Khan? Is it that hard to understand that maybe, just maybe, ‘Tartars’ was what they called Mongols back in the day, and ‘Tartaria’ the Mongol empire and its remnants?

Exhibit 14: Ethnographic drawings

These prove that there were people called Tartars, not that there was a state of Tartaria. NEXT

Exhibit 15: Tartaria’s alleged flag

Images they provide include
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_flags-11-jpg.37367/
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_flag_6-jpg.37307/
Except there’s one problem. As any EU4 player will tell you, that’s the flag of the Khanate of Kazan. And while they can trot out a few 18th and 19th century charts showing the apparent existence of a Tartarian naval flag, the inconvenient fact that Tartaria would have been landlocked seems not to get in the way. To be sure, their consistent inclusion is odd, given the non-existence of Tartary as a country, and moreover its landlocked status. It seems plausible that the consistent similarity of the designs is just a result of constant copying and poor checking, but on its own it means relatively little.

Exhibit 16: 19th-century racism

https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/flags_of_all_nations_1865-mongolian-1-jpg.37369/
That I think speaks for itself.

Exhibit 17: Flags of Moscow on one particular chart

It is also worth mentioning that in the British Flag Table of 1783, there are three different flags listed as a flag of the Tsar of Moscow. There is also an Imperial Flag of Russia as well as multiple naval flags. And all of them are proceeded by a flag of the Viceroy of Russia.
By that logic, the Royal Navy ran Britain because the Royal Navy ensigns precede the Union Jack. It’s simply a conscious decision to show the flags of individuals before the flags of states. The ‘Viceroy’ (unsure what the original Russian title would be) and ‘Czar’ of Muscovy would presumably be, well, the Emperor of Russia anyway, so as with the British section where the Royal Standard and the flags of naval officers came first, the same seems true of Russia. Also, as a side note, the placement of the USA at the end, after the Persians, the Mughals and ‘Tartarians’, is a fun touch.
Significance of the Viceroy is in the definition of the term. A viceroy is a regal official who runs a country, colony, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory. Our official history will probably say that it was the Tsar of Russia who would appoint a viceroy of Moscow. I have reasons to doubt that.
Why is the flag of the Viceroy of Moscow positioned prior to any other Russian flag? Could it be that the Viceroy of Moscow was superior to its Czar, and was "supervising" how this Tartarian possession was being run?
No.

Part 3: 1812

This, this is where it gets really bonkers. A key part of this post is arguing that Napoleon’s invasion of Russia was a cover story for a joint invasion against Tartaria gone horrendously wrong. All the stops are being pulled out here.
There is a growing opinion in Russia that French invasion of Russia played out according to a different scenario. The one where Tsar Alexander I, and Napoleon were on the same side. Together they fought against Tartary. Essentially France and Saint Petersburg against Moscow (Tartary). And there is a strong circumstantial evidence to support such a theory.
Oh yes, we’re going there.
Questions to Answer:
1. Saint Petersburg was the capitol of Russia. Yet Napoleon chose to attack Moscow. Why?
He didn’t, he was trying to attack the Russian army. (credit to dandan_noodles).
2. It appears that in 1912 there was a totally different recollection of the events of 1812. How else could you explain commemorative 1912 medals honoring Napoleon?
Because it’s a bit of an in-your-face to Napoleon for losing so badly?
And specifically the one with Alexander I, and Napoleon on the same medal. The below medal says something similar to, "Strength is in the unity: will of God, firmness of royalty, love for homeland and people"
Yeah, it’s showing Alexander I beating Napoleon, and a triumphant double-headed Russian eagle above captured French standards. Also, notice how Alexander is in full regalia, while Napoleon’s is covered up by his greatcoat?
3. Similarity between Russian and French uniforms. There are more different uniforms involved, but the idea remains, they were ridiculously similar.
Ah yes, because fashions in different countries always develop separately, and never get influenced by each other.
How did they fight each other in the dark?
With difficulty, presumably.
Basically, he’s saying that this: https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1_rus-jpg.37322/
Is too similar to this: https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1_rus-jpg.37322/
To be coincidental.
OK, whatever. Here’s where it gets interesting:
There was one additional combat asset officially available to Russians in the war of 1812. And that was the Militia. It does appear that this so-called Militia, was in reality the army of Tartary fighting against Napoleon and Alexander I.
Russian VolunteeMilitia Units... Tartarians?
Clearly this man has never encountered the concept of a cossack, an opelchenie, or, erm, a GREATCOAT.
4. Russian nobility in Saint Petersburg spoke French well into the second half of the 19th century. The general explanation was, that it was the trend of time and fashion. Google contains multiple opinions on the matter. * Following the same logic, USA, Britain and Russia should've picked up German after the victory in WW2.
Clearly never heard of the term lingua franca then.
5. This one I just ran into: 19th-century fans were totally into a Napoleon/Alexander romance
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/treaties_of_tilsit_miniature_-france-_1810s-_side_a-jpg.37314/
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/napoleonxalexander2-jpg.37310/
https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/napoleon-alexander-jpg.37312/
It is true that after the Treaty of Tilsit, Napoleon wrote to his wife, Josephine, that
I am pleased with [Emperor] Alexander; he ought to be with me. If he were a woman, I think I should make him my mistress.
But Napoleon’s ‘honeymoon period’ with Russia following the Treaty of Tilsit should not be seen as indicative of a permanent Napoleonic affection for Russia. Notably, Napoleon’s war with Russia didn’t just end in 1812. How are the Tartaria conspiracists going to explain the War of the Sixth Coalition, when Russian, Prussian and Austrian troops drove the French out of Germany? Did the bromance suddenly stop because of 1812? Or, is it more reasonable to see 1812 as the end result of the bromance falling apart?

Conclusions

So there you have it, Tartaria in all its glorious nonsensicalness. Words cannot capture how massively bonkers this entire thing is. And best of all, I hardly needed my own sources because so much of it is just a demonstration of terrible reading comprehension. Still, if you want to actually learn about some of the history of Inner Eurasia, see below:

Bibliography

submitted by EnclavedMicrostate to badhistory [link] [comments]


2020.08.16 16:07 MaximilianKohler I'm finally taking the time to do a full write up on COVID-19 because the ignorance and lack of critical thinking by the majority of people on this site is really pissing me off. And because this sub is one of the few left that is not manipulated by corrupt mods.

Preface:

I shouldn't have to preface with this, but I probably do: I agree "Trump bad". He's a senile, low functioning, sociopathic narcissist. He handled this crisis as ineptly as he's handled virtually everything else. That is not reason to politicize a crisis to this extent, while rejecting all critical thinking and remaining wilfully ignorant.
The way this crisis has been politicized and polarized has been massively detrimental to both the welfare of the population, and to the already abysmal level of critical thinking, objectivism, rationality, nuance, etc..
I am actually going to move most of the preface from the beginning to the end. Because of how polarized, political, and faction-based the discussion has become, I think that a majority of people who read the preface would simply downvote and remain wilfully ignorant about the rest. So I'm going to start with the facts and evidence, and hope there are enough redditors left who care about those.

Here are some of the things you're not seeing due to the manipulation of content (in large part by moderators, but also by votes) all over reddit:

Who is at risk from this virus?

Primarily people who are both old and unhealthy. And to a much lesser degree, people who are unhealthy but not elderly.
Yet again, I should not have to preface with this, but I am in the high-risk category. I have been chronically ill for many years (despite full-time, years of tremendous efforts). I am not making this argument from a privileged position.
More young people have it, but only the elderly get symptoms. Screenshot from covid.is. Dutch citation.
Children and young people comprise only 1-2% of cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) worldwide. Vast majority of reported infections in children are mild or asymptomatic. Six (1%) of 627 patients died in hospital, all of whom had profound comorbidity. https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m3249
Mostly effects the elderly and people with underlying health conditions: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwvolumes/69/wmm6924e2.htm - https://www.cdc.gov/mmwvolumes/69/wmm6928e1.htm
Nearly half of hospitalized COVID-19 patients without a prior diabetes diagnosis have hyperglycemia, and the latter is an independent predictor of mortality at 28 days https://old.reddit.com/ScientificNutrition/comments/hr6d7g/nearly_half_of_hospitalized_covid19_patients/
In Italy only 0.2% of all deaths were people under age 40, 59.9% had 3 or more serious comorbidities, only 3% of all deaths had no comorbidities and median death age is 81 (May 2020) https://www.epicentro.iss.it/en/coronavirus/bollettino/Report-COVID-2019_7_may_2020.pdf
CDC Director: Threat Of Suicide, Drugs, Flu To Youth ‘Far Greater’ Than Covid (Jul 2020) https://archive.vn/wip/bXM7U
Doctors from Stanford and UCLA: It’s time to end the state of emergency over COVID-19 (Jun 2020) https://archive.vn/4x2pQ “These infection fatality rates are remarkably low and are similar to the fatality rate for the seasonal flu.” “The virus is 10 times less fatal than we first thought.”
42% of all COVID-19 deaths are taking place in facilities that house 0.62% of the U.S. population (nursing homes and assisted living facilities) https://www.forbes.com/sites/theapothecary/2020/05/26/nursing-homes-assisted-living-facilities-0-6-of-the-u-s-population-43-of-u-s-covid-19-deaths/#64f3213674cd

Official death rates per the CDC vary from month to month. Estimated overall fatality rate of those infected with the virus – with and without symptoms – would be 0.26% (Jun 2020) https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/factcheck/2020/06/05/fact-check-cdc-estimates-covid-19-death-rate-0-26/5269331002/
Various websites quote wildly varying death rates, to as much as 5.2% of infected people. There is clearly bias all over the place. But only 1% of the US population has been infected.
Dutch CDC: 98% of infections go without barely any symptoms https://viruswaarheid.nl/medisch/van-dissel-covid-19-ongevaarlijk-voor-98-van-de-mensen/
WHO Says Studies Put Coronavirus Mortality Rate at 0.6% https://www.bloomberg.com/news/videos/2020-08-03/who-says-studies-put-coronavirus-mortality-rate-at-0-6-video
The COVID Panic Is a Lesson in Using Statistics to Get Your Way in Politics (Jul 2020) https://mises.org/wire/covid-panic-lesson-using-statistics-get-your-way-politics
COVID-19: There have been approximately 760,213 deaths reported worldwide. Flu: The World Health Organization estimates that 290,000 to 650,000 people die of flu-related causes every year worldwide. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/coronavirus/coronavirus-disease-2019-vs-the-flu
People citing the number of people who have died are frequently being misleading. The human population has almost quadrupled over the past 100 years: http://thedatadreamer.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/HumanWorldPopulationThroughHistory-Chart.png. So of course vastly more people are going to be impacted by anything. Even rates are going to go up due to increased population density. But rates are still the most accurate statistic.

Consequences of acting vs not acting, and economics:

It is idiotic and unethical to not fully inform ourselves and then weigh the consequences of our actions. The fact that there are so many adults who do not understand this is extremely alarming.
Millions of people die every year around the globe. We cannot currently prevent all deaths, and we don't even attempt to, in large part due to the costs/consequences of the interventions being too large.

Democracy Now covers economic, social, and health consequences of using quarantines/stay-at-home orders to combat COVID-19:
The content goes far beyond the quoted headlines.
U.N. Warns of Lockdown's “Potentially Catastrophic” Economic Toll on Children - reduced household income, school meal programs, maternal and newborn care: https://www.democracynow.org/2020/4/17/headlines
Nearly 1 in 5 U.S. Children Going Hungry as Unemployment Surges to Great Depression Levels. EU Warns Pandemic Economic Recession Will Be Worst in History https://www.democracynow.org/2020/5/7/headlines
“Diarrhea, Dehydration, Hunger, Exhaustion”: India’s Rural Poor Suffer Most Under Lockdown https://www.democracynow.org/2020/5/22/p_sainath_rural_india_coronavirus_neoliberal
Bolivian Protesters Demand End to Coronavirus Lockdown as Hunger Mounts https://www.democracynow.org/2020/5/20/headlines
Oxfam Warns COVID-19 Pandemic Could Push 122 Million to Brink of Starvation https://www.democracynow.org/2020/7/9/headlines
Study Warns 1.1 Million Children Could Die From Secondary Impacts as Pandemic Interrupts Access to Food & Medical Care (May 2020) https://www.democracynow.org/2020/5/21/report_children_pregnant_person_mortality_rates
UN warns economic consequences of lockdowns will push 47 million more women, girls into poverty, and will widen the poverty gap between women and men and undo progress made in recent decades https://www.aljazeera.com/ajimpact/pandemic-push-47-million-women-girls-poverty-200902131347270.html

PBS covers food chain and economic problems: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjfLXrke66I
Beyond the public health crisis, there's a massive economic and humanitarian crisis that is emerging because of this lockdown. People who are not monthly wage workers don't have any savings, so, they're practically facing severe starvation. https://www.pbs.org/newshoushow/densely-populated-bangladesh-faces-immense-infection-control-challenge
Watch through to Sen Pat Toomey's interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BoPelzsFjYk&t=365
State reopening plans force trade-offs between health and economy https://www.pbs.org/newshoushow/state-reopening-plans-force-tradeoffs-between-health-and-economy
–-

Dr. Anthony Fauci says staying closed for too long could cause 'irreparable damage' (May 2020) https://www.cnbc.com/amp/2020/05/22/dr-anthony-fauci-says-staying-closed-for-too-long-could-cause-irreparable-damage.html
Doctors on front line of worst-hit city in world say it’s time to end shutdown (May 2020) https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/05/09/doctors-frontline-worst-hit-city-world-say-time-end-shutdown/
CDC director: Keeping schools closed poses greater health threat to children than reopening (Jul 2020) https://thehill.com/policy/healthcare/506640-cdc-director-keeping-schools-closed-poses-greater-health-threat-to-children
The risks of keeping schools closed far outweigh the benefits (Jul 2020) https://www.economist.com/leaders/2020/07/18/the-risks-of-keeping-schools-closed-far-outweigh-the-benefits
The Results Are In for Remote Learning: It Didn’t Work. The pandemic forced schools into a crash course in online education. Problems piled up quickly. (WSJ, Jun 2020) https://archive.fo/cm9I5
‘The Biggest Monster’ Is Spreading. And It’s Not the Coronavirus. - Tuberculosis kills 1.5 million people each year. Lockdowns and supply-chain disruptions threaten progress against the disease as well as H.I.V. and malaria. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/03/health/coronavirus-tuberculosis-aids-malaria.html
COVID-related hunger could kill more people than the virus https://unglobalcompact.org/take-action/20th-anniversary-campaign/covid-related%20hunger-could-kill-more-people-than-the-virus
UNICEF analysis predicts 6000 child deaths PER DAY due to COVID response https://www.unicef.ie/stories/impact-covid-19-children/
Lockdown 'killed two people for every three who died of coronavirus' at peak of outbreak. Estimates show 16,000 people died through missed medical care by May 1, while virus killed 25,000 in same period (Aug 2020) https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/08/07/lockdown-killed-two-three-died-coronavirus/
Delays to cancer diagnosis and treatment due to coronavirus could cause 35,000 extra UK cancer deaths within a year, experts warn (Jul 2020) https://www.bbc.com/news/health-53300784
One example of many: 31yo mother dies from cancer after treatment is delayed due to coronavirus. https://archive.vn/wip/WAPyL
CDC: 11% of US adults seriously considered suicide in June https://www.businessinsider.com.au/cdc-11-percent-us-adults-seriously-considered-suicide-in-june-2020-8
CDC: One quarter of young adults contemplated suicide during pandemic (Aug 2020) https://www.politico.com/news/2020/08/13/cdc-mental-health-pandemic-394832
Coronavirus pandemic may lead to 75,000 "deaths of despair" from suicide, drug and alcohol abuse, study says (May 2020) https://www.cbsnews.com/news/coronavirus-deaths-suicides-drugs-alcohol-pandemic-75000/
It is ‘inhumane and heartless’ not to recognise the human costs of lockdowns (Jul 2020) https://www.skynews.com.au/details/_6176537337001
Ever since the UK entered “lockdown”, those pushing for it to end have been labelled “callous” or “selfish” or accused of putting profits before people. Meanwhile millions are unemployed and a global famine is on the horizon. The lockdown will kill more people than the virus, and needs to be ended. (May 2020) https://off-guardian.org/2020/05/12/opposing-lockdown-is-not-profits-before-people
More Than Half of U.S. Business Closures Permanent (Jul 2020) https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-07-22/more-than-half-of-u-s-business-closures-permanent-yelp-says
–-

Study between Finland and Sweden indicates school closings had no measurable impact on number of cases in children. https://www.folkhalsomyndigheten.se/contentassets/c1b78bffbfde4a7899eb0d8ffdb57b09/covid-19-school-aged-children.pdf
Reopening schools in Denmark did not worsen outbreak https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-denmark-reopening-idUSKBN2341N7
New US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines on education and child care come down hard in favor of opening schools, saying children don't suffer much from coronavirus, are less likely than adults to spread it and suffer from being out of school. (Jul 2020) https://www.cnn.com/2020/07/23/health/cdc-coronavirus-school-guidelines-new/index.html
Three large Southern states that moved aggressively to reopen amid the coronavirus crisis have seen new cases and deaths largely hold steady since then https://nypost.com/2020/05/22/no-coronavirus-catastrophes-after-three-southern-states-re-open/
As Wisconsin completely reopened last month, they have not seen the dire consequences that were predicted for them. https://www.wbay.com/content/news/Wisconsin-reports-no-new-COVID-19-deaths-571108001.html
The first-to-reopen state maintains a Covid-19 death rate well below those of northeastern states—though you’d never know it from the media coverage. https://www.city-journal.org/covid-19-georgia-reopening
The number of cases in Arizona is quickly decreasing, despite open restaurants, barber shops and churches https://archive.vn/V5vZ1
–-

There is already a major problem with overexpenditures on end of life care https://archive.vn/UbC0K#selection-223.18-223.19 - this is not "saving lives", this is slightly postponing deaths.

When I first heard India was shutting down I was shocked and horrified. One has to be tremendously out of touch to not know that huge swaths of developing country's populations live day to day and will literally starve to death if you prevent them from going to work. And developing countries do not have the same economic means to provide monetary and food welfare to their populations. After seeing the coverage of it on Democracy Now it seemed clear to me that it was a privileged minority shutting down the whole country to protect themselves with complete disregard for the millions of poor people who would suffer severely.
And even beyond developing countries' inability to provide welfare to their citizens, there are global consequences to even just developed countries shutting down. It puts millions of people in developing countries out of work, causing them severe hardship.
This is made worse by the fact that:
"57% of Mumbai slumdwellers have Covid antibodies. Experts believe herd immunity can be achieved when around 60% of the population has been exposed to the virus. Estimated fatality rate of 0.05-0.10%" [1]. And other Indian cities have similarly low infection fatality rates (IFR) of 0.02% and 0.08%. And an IFR of 0.1% for India.

There's a popular and prevalent notion on reddit that the economy is some abstract thing that doesn't matter. As you can see above, it's not "lives vs economics", it's "lives vs other lives that will be harmed by shutting down the economy".
It's been appalling to see virtually 100% of the left-wing in the US supporting the shutdowns with the myopic mindset of "we're doing a good thing by protecting the vulnerable". And seemingly entirely ignorant and unable to think for themselves about the consequences. It's been very interesting to see this issue split down political lines in the US, with the right-wing advocating against the shutdowns and the left-wing supporting them. This mantra that I've seen before seems applicable here – "the right is evil, the left is incompetent". I'm sure other variations of that mantra may be more appropriate.

Incompetence and misinformation:

Both of these things are widespread. Including among "professionals". Assuming that every degree holder is well informed, competent, intelligent, and in agreement, is naive. Given that the reddit demographic is young, it's not surprising how common this notion is on reddit. There are major problems among professionals of all kinds: https://archive.fo/ofBvs#selection-809.0-809.1
Yes, I realize how problematic and dystopian this is. If you can't trust professionals/degree holders, it's total chaos. However, it's the reality. That reality is incredibly disturbing to me. Which is why I've spent years writing about it and trying to get people to do something to fix it. Ignoring that reality is not a fix.

Analysis: England's COVID-19 death toll is wrong. "You could have been tested positive in February, have no symptoms, then be hit by a bus in July and you’d be recorded as a Covid death.” https://archive.vn/wip/6SXR4
Article title: "Perfectly Healthy 16-Year-Old Died Suddenly from COVID-19". Article Content: Kid was diabetic and obese. https://archive.vn/wip/i6aV2
Twitter: @Sciencing_Bi - fake professor account, claims to have died of COVID-19, blaming the university where @Sciencing_Bi supposedly worked for making people teach on campus during the pandemic https://heavy.com/news/2020/08/sciencing_bi-bethann-mclaughlin-asu/ - https://gizmodo.com/science-twitter-got-catfished-by-a-fake-professor-who-d-1844591277
(@NateSilver538): I've seen a few too many mainstream media stories of "unusual" COVID cases where the most likely explanation is a false positive or a false negative test and the article doesn't really even explore the possibility at all. https://archive.vn/jJ4hA
New York Times retracts cover story on a 26 year old ER doctor in NY said to have died of COVID-19: https://web.archive.org/web/20200528053923if_/https://twitter.com/ZacBissonnette/status/1265731575335043072 - https://archive.vn/NpreZ#selection-3251.0-3255.12
Highly upvoted /science thread with a misleading title claiming that children are spreaders of the virus. Commenters point out the misleading title and link to other studies that show children do not spread the virus, and asymptomatic spread is rare: https://archive.vn/wip/HsBIm
Highly upvoted /science thread with unscientific, sweeping, conclusive headline based on a handful of autopsies and zero control https://archive.vn/wip/ry24d

How the media has us thinking all wrong about the coronavirus, by Emily Oster, professor of economics https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/08/25/how-media-has-us-thinking-all-wrong-about-coronavirus/

Censorship:

There are degree holders who moderate many major reddit subs, and have been corruptly, unethically, and unscientifically manipulating content. Here's one example: https://archive.vn/iQtIq
Here are other examples of moderators manipulating content on reddit in regards to COVID-19:
/economics censored discussions https://archive.vn/UbC0K#selection-223.18-223.19 - https://archive.vn/wip/DDwDh
Banned from /covid19 for pasting a link to a news article about increase in poverty due to lockdowns: https://archive.vn/Oo2yr#selection-823.0-823.1
/california_politics censored discussion: https://archive.vn/Dc5VT#selection-1709.9-1709.10
Then muted for 28 days after mod demonstrates complete apathy for facts, evidence, and science: https://www.scribd.com/document/472165279/r-california-politics-moderator-censorship-abuse-propaganda-complete-apathy-for-facts-evidence-and-science
That is exactly what is occurring all over reddit, and has been for years.

Coronavirus Censorship Crisis, by Matt Taibbi https://taibbi.substack.com/p/temporary-coronavirus-censorship - covers experts getting things wrong, expert & media bias and conflicting messaging, attacking questions instead of behaving scientifically, and censorship on social media.

The result of all that misinformation, censorship, and thus ignorance:

Poll:
Jul 2020 https://www.kekstcnc.com/media/2793/kekstcnc_research_covid-19_opinion_tracker_wave-4.pdf
- Poll Question: How many people in your country have had COVID-19?
- Americans Answered: 20% (66M)
- Reality: 1% (3.3M)
- Poll Question: How many people in your country have died from COVID-19?
- Americans Answered: 9% (29.5M)
- Reality: 0.04% (131K)
Americans overstated the death number by 225 times.

Another poll showing similar trends.

Despite the extremely low risks (as detailed above) for children from this virus, people are frequently using deceptive, appeal-to-emotion fallacies along the lines of "think of the children". It seems that people are doing this due to one or more of:

/LockdownSkepticism seems to be one of the few bastions of rational, objective, independent thought and information. According to the widespread propaganda on reddit you would expect that sub to only be MAGA extremists. Yet it is not. There is a myriad of information there from highly reputable sources (including many left-leaning ones) that are nowhere to be found on other reddit subs, simply because they are contradictory to the pro-shutdown propaganda that inundates virtually everywhere else on reddit.
Top links: https://old.reddit.com/LockdownSkepticism/top/ - https://archive.vn/uy2KZ

EDIT: A week after I created this post, CGP Grey, someone very popular on reddit, created a rational video on COVID-19 lockdowns. Typically his videos would get to the front page of reddit within a couple hours. This video though? After 1 hour my upvote was the only one. https://archive.vn/2YWmh#selection-3197.13-3201.1. This really typifies the behavior of redditors and coverage of COVID-19 here.
Another example of a reputable article being downvoted because redditors don't want to consider the consequences of lockdowns: https://archive.vn/JqziC

Sweden:

Sweden's reaction was by far the most sensible, yet they're forced to apologize because all anyone weighs are the COVID-19 deaths, and if you dare consider any other side effects from the shutdowns you get labeled a monster. https://www.snopes.com/ap/2020/06/03/top-pandemic-scientist-admits-sweden-could-have-battled-virus-bette
Ignore the headline, see the comments: https://archive.vn/wip/JcFSb
Sweden, Which Never Had Lockdown, Sees COVID-19 Cases Plummet as Rest of Europe Suffers Spike (Jul 2020) https://archive.vn/wip/eCNOU
COVID appears done in Sweden. (Jul 2020) https://archive.vn/wip/ceKJa
Epidemiologist: Sweden’s COVID Response Isn’t Unorthodox. The Rest of the World’s Is (May 2020) https://fee.org/articles/epidemiologist-sweden-s-covid-response-isn-t-unorthodox-the-rest-of-the-world-s-is/
Study between Finland and Sweden indicates school closings had no measurable impact on number of cases in children. https://www.folkhalsomyndigheten.se/contentassets/c1b78bffbfde4a7899eb0d8ffdb57b09/covid-19-school-aged-children.pdf
The scientist behind lockdown in the UK has admitted that Sweden has achieved roughly the same suppression of coronavirus without draconian restrictions (Jun 2020) https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/06/02/prof-lockdown-neil-ferguson-admits-sweden-used-science-uk-has/
Why Sweden’s COVID-19 Strategy Is Quietly Becoming the World’s Strategy (May 2020) https://fee.org/articles/why-sweden-s-covid-19-strategy-is-quietly-becoming-the-world-s-strategy/
Norway PM regrets taking tough coronavirus lockdown measures (Jun 2020) https://au.news.yahoo.com/coronavirus-norway-pm-regrets-not-taking-sweden-approach-075607536.html
Sep 10, 2020: As of today, Sweden is not in the "Top 10 deaths per million" countries https://archive.vn/UiMVb

Masks:

Not only did Sweden not force a shutdown, but the mask usage in all Nordic countries is extremely low: https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2020-opinion-coronavirus-global-face-mask-adoption/ - https://imgur.com/f8G5W1t
A full write-up on masks: https://archive.vn/Htksa

Lockdowns:

Do lockdowns even work?
The Evidence Keeps Piling up: Lockdowns Don’t Work (Sep 2020) https://mises.org/wire/evidence-keeps-piling-lockdowns-dont-work
So in the end, tremendous damage and harm was done from the lockdowns, and there wasn't even a beneficial trade off.

Testing:

How useful and accurate is testing? This is what all the numbers, decisions, and actions are based on.
SCOTLAND'S national clinical director has admitted the coronavirus tests are "a bit rubbish". Jason Leitch has suggested that the “antigen” tests - are not fully reliable as they can give positive results to people who are not infectious. (Sep 2020) https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/18711279.scotlands-health-chiefs-astonishing-admission-coronavirus-tests-bit-rubbish/
Your Coronavirus Test Is Positive. Maybe It Shouldn’t Be (Aug 29, 2020) https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/29/health/coronavirus-testing.html
Most antibody tests offer crude yes-no answers. The tests are notorious for delivering false positives — results indicating that someone has antibodies when they do not (Jul 2020) https://www.startribune.com/antibody-tests-may-not-register-low-levels-of-virus/571963502/
Many studies of COVID-19 antibody test accuracy fall short: review (June 26, 2020) https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-antibody-tests-idUSKBN23W2GV
Questions about COVID-19 test accuracy raised across the testing spectrum. Diagnostic tests are no longer in short supply, but questions about their accuracy are growing. (May 26, 2020) https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/questions-about-covid-19-test-accuracy-raised-across-testing-spectrum-n1214981
The Food and Drug Administration is stiffening its rules to counteract what some have called a Wild West of antibody testing for the coronavirus. (May 4, 2020) https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/05/04/850195471/fda-cracks-down-on-antibody-tests-for-coronavirus
How Accurate Are Coronavirus Tests? (Apr 2020) https://www.snopes.com/news/2020/04/16/how-accurate-are-coronavirus-tests/
Using Antibody Tests for COVID-19 https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/lab/resources/antibody-tests.html

Symptoms vs cause:

What we did and have been doing for decades is ignoring the problem (public health and chronic disease), and then only reacting to and addressing the symptoms.
That is an absolutely moronic thing to do. It makes me furious. It's a massively inefficient and wasteful allocation of resources. And making others suffer because of one group of people's poor decisions is extremely problematic. Removing the consequences of people's own poor decisions will only lead to continued poor decisions, and likely even worse ones.
Only 3% of the population even bothers to live a healthy lifestyle https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2016/03/less-than-3-percent-of-americans-live-a-healthy-lifestyle/475065. And now that consequences of that show up they want everyone to suffer to protect them from the consequences of their decisions.
This applies to universal healthcare as well. Spending on healthcare would be a tiny fraction of what it currently is if the majority of the population actually bothered to try and be healthy. I'm fully in favor of universal healthcare, but actions must be taken to reduce chronic disease and general poor health. Otherwise, irresponsible people are just sucking vast amounts of resources from responsible ones.

Obesity increases risk of Covid-19 death by 48%. Comprehensive study suggests vaccine may not work as well for overweight people (Aug 2020) https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/aug/26/obesity-increases-risk-of-covid-19-death-by-48-study-finds
America’s obesity epidemic threatens effectiveness of any COVID vaccine https://ctmirror.org/2020/08/09/americas-obesity-epidemic-threatens-effectiveness-of-any-covid-vaccine/

Misallocation of resources:

Far more damaging things, that impact far more people, we've been ignoring: https://old.reddit.com/HumanMicrobiome/comments/fx726c/borderlands_3_is_giving_out_new_loot_if_you_help/fmtlhfd/?context=3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zk11vI-7czE
Where is all the outcry (plus trillions of dollars spent, and massive economic action) about those deaths plus the massive drops in quality of life? Quality of life can be argued to be even more important than death.
“Epidemiologists have tried to quantify this sort of loss with something they call the disability-adjusted life year. Simply put, this unit measures the estimated value of the years of healthy life lost to a disease.”
If you have a million dollars, do you spend it all to save one life, or do you spend it where it will statistically have the most impact and help the most people? Do you spend it all on a life that is ending soon or a life that has a long way to go? The former is what we've been doing with COVID.
The reaction to COVID-19 is furthering an already problematic history of overspending on end of life care: https://archive.vn/UbC0K#selection-293.18-293.19
Why people who care about the environment (especially young people) should protest COVID-19 shutdowns: https://archive.vn/S1IIC
CDC Director: Threat Of Suicide, Drugs, Flu To Youth ‘Far Greater’ Than Covid (Jul 2020) https://archive.vn/wip/bXM7U

Misc:

Besides ignorance and moderator manipulation, the following might explain some of the voting patterns on reddit.
https://archive.vn/Lj518#selection-1991.10-1991.11
Sphinx91:
Reddit doesn't care. Reddit would rather have everything completely shut down to avoid even one single death , and then pat themselves on their back a job well done without looking at every single unintended consequences. The clusterfuck that is waiting for us at the end of all these "lockdowns" is gonna be way more damaging than the virus itself and I'm just waiting for this ride to end.
PhineasC:
The vast majority of Redditors are 15-30 year old males with no kids. They literally have zero invested in this, and in some cases actually are students themselves who want to stay home and play video games all day. This is literally the last place to get the general public viewpoint on this issue.

An entire New Zealand city shuts down due to 4 cases (not deaths) of COVID-19: https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-08-12/jacinda-ardern-says-coronavirus-could-delay-new-zealand-election/12549920 and they're having trouble figuring out the source: https://www.todayonline.com/world/new-zealand-virus-outbreak-spreads-beyond-auckland
How Fear, Groupthink Drove Unnecessary Global Lockdowns https://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2020/05/21/how_fear_groupthink_drove_unnecessary_global_lockdowns_143253.html
#stayathome is so popular because it can instantly transform you into a hero by literally doing nothing https://archive.vn/d3z49
As COVID-19 Cases Surge, Daily Deaths and the Case Fatality Rate Continue To Fall (Jul 2020) https://reason.com/2020/07/06/as-covid-19-cases-surge-daily-deaths-and-the-case-fatality-rate-continue-to-fall/ - https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/03/health/coronavirus-mortality-testing.html
Many COVID-19 deaths were likely people who would have died from flu: https://archive.vn/wip/BHOvP

List of questions that pro-shutdown people need to answer: https://archive.vn/M2WHH

Preface at the end!

Rightly so, redditors frequently criticize FOX News viewers, and even Republicans in general, for being anti-science, willfully ignorant, mindless sheep. Yet the behavior on reddit around COVID-19 has shown me that redditors themselves can be guilty of all the same behavior. Hysterical, ignorant, easily manipulated, emotional, reactionary, tribe mentality.
This highly upvoted /bestof comment "u/sixstringer420 explains why conservatives are defending a blatant murder" describes the exact mentality occurring with COVID on reddit.
If one needed more evidence of the consequences of the majority of the population being poorly functioning, this has surely provided it.

You can see above how much information and complexity there is. Which is why it is so appalling and alarming that the majority of reddit seems to have reduced the complexity down to "virus bad, dying bad, stay home till virus goes away".
EDIT: And from the comments and voting in this thread it seems that a majority of redditors are displaying all this same behavior I just wrote about! It seems many of them did not even bother to read this post and review the evidence prior to commenting, which is quite a common behavior on reddit. Depressingly, that's exactly what the data shows as well: Facts are increasingly useless.
I've had the unfortunate experience of seeing this occur in many other instances, including parenting and healthcare, where people are only able to process "oh my god people are dying", and entirely unable to do any sort of objective, higher level, logical cost-benefit analysis that is based on facts and statistics. Instead, they simply react emotionally and drastically. The results of which are often vastly worse than had they not reacted at all. I was almost killed multiple times due to a person I know behaving in this way, and I've written about millions of other people being harmed due to this phenomenon [1].

I wanted to make this my title, but knew it would cause immediate downvotes before people even bothered to read the content:
The overreaction to COVID-19 is the most egregious misallocation of resources I've ever heard of in the entirety of human history. Objective arguments from a left-wing perspective.
I am constantly being accused of lack of empathy & compassion, and hatefulness. I have demonstrated that these accusations are not only false, but ironically, the stances and behaviors of the people leveling those accusations are what are harmful and uncompassionate.
submitted by MaximilianKohler to arizonapolitics [link] [comments]


2020.08.03 20:06 GlimmervoidG As of 9am on 3 August, 305,623 people have tested positive for coronavirus in the UK (pillar 1 and 2, see descriptions below). Reporting of daily death data is currently paused on the main site but still available via the coronavirus.data.gov.uk dashboard

This is today's key statistic's as reported on gov.uk. Importantly there is no daily death figure. This is why.
On 17 July, the Secretary of State asked Public Health England (PHE) to urgently review their estimation of daily death statistics. Currently the daily deaths measure counts all people who have tested positive for coronavirus and since died, with no cut-off between time of testing and date of death. There have been claims that the lack of cut-off may distort the current daily deaths number. We’re therefore pausing the publication of the daily figure while this is resolved.
Daily Cumulative
Deaths in all settings not available not available
Deaths in all settings (api.coronavirus.data.gov.uk) 9 46,210
Positive cases (pillars 1 and 2) 938 305,623
All tests made available (pillars 1 to 4) 215,761 16,717,684
All tests processed (pillars 1 to 4) 163,786 12,250,937
Pillar 1 positive cases 106 201,544
Pillar 2 positive cases 832 104,079
Pillar 1 tests processed 44,562 4,463,488
Pillar 2 tests processed 69,757 4,017,760
Pillar 3 tests processed 1,201 1,406,870
Pillar 4 tests processed 7,129 358,169
Pillar 2 tests sent out 88,026 5,559,275
Pillar 4 tests sent out 5,086 912,122
Pillar 1 Pillar 2 Pillar 3 Pillar 4 Total
Lab capacity 80,985 127,500 120,000 10,100 338,585
3 August notes (historic data revisions and explanations)
Due to IT issues, today’s cumulative number of positive cases for Scotland has been revised downwards by 10.
The total number of tests made available has been revised since yesterday’s total after the following changes to the historical data:
The daily tests made available reported today have been added to this revised total rather than the total reported yesterday, so the cumulative total today is 2,651 higher than if you added the daily tests to yesterday’s total. The pillar 4 revision is due to improvements in the data collection methodology for one study.
The total number of all tests processed has been revised since yesterday’s total after the following changes to the historical data:
The daily ‘all tests processed’ reported today have been added to this revised total rather than the total reported yesterday, so the cumulative total today is 11,884 higher than if you added the daily tests to yesterday’s total. This is mainly due to pillar 4 improvements in the data collection methodology for one study.
It’s likely that pillar 2 numbers for 3 August are over-reported. The figures will be revised as soon as possible. This affects the ‘tests made available’ totals.
The testing pillars
Pillars 1 and 2 are swab tests targeted at those who are sick and with symptoms. They look for the presence of the virus itself. Pillar 1 tests are only counted when processed. Pillar 2 tests are counted when sent out (for the 'made available' number) and separately when actually processed (for the 'tests processed' number).
Pillar 3 tests are designed to identify if a person has antibodies in their system, which means that they have had coronavirus at some point, but they do not test for the presence of the virus itself (as in pillars 1 and 2). Tests in pillar 3 are counted when they are processed by a lab.
This pillar does not report people tested or positive cases because tests are anonymised before being sent to a lab. Positive cases for pillar 3 are different to pillars 1 and 2 so should not be classed together.
Testing in pillar 4 is designed to understand the spread of the virus and the reliability of different testing methods.
As in pillar 2, pillar 4 tests are counted either when they are sent out or when they are processed by a lab. This includes antigen and antibody testing. People tested and positive cases are not reported due to this covering a variety of different studies that do not currently allow to deduplicate individuals.
Coronavirus statistic's are now available here: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/coronavirus-covid-19-information-for-the-public (Archive 3 August) and at the API data site (Archive 3 August)
Since they will no longer be posted as tweets, I will be trying to keep an up-to-date record of day to day changes (mostly by copying chunks of text and data from that site). Current plan is text posts. We'll see how that goes.
submitted by GlimmervoidG to ukpolitics [link] [comments]


2020.08.02 08:06 EldenRingFan69300 A compilation of all of Omn!potent's major post's

Omn1's Hype post for the next FROM game
I know I’ve kept you all waiting since my first post in this thread and teased you plenty with my hype. You’ve been (mostly) patient and quite curious so here it is. I want to preface this by saying that these are my personal thoughts and opinions, to take that as you will. But I hope that this will hold you guys over until announcement and that it was worth the hype, waiting, teasing and jebaiting.
It’s difficult for me to even find where to begin. But I guess I should start by saying that I’ve been a fan for quite some time and love these games to bits, even if I love some more than others. But even in saying that, after playing through each game there are a number of things I’ve always wanted to see Fromsoft add or experiment with in terms of gameplay and world design. Things I figured would maybe show up once here or there. But with this title it feels like all of my wishes have been granted and then some. Pretty much everything I ever could have wanted them to add is here. Finding out about many of these things has been like being taken to a toy shop as a kid, expecting to pick one of your favorite toys out and then getting told you can have all of them. Any time I think about the game I just get so incredibly happy that it puts a smile on my face and I get a bright feeling inside. It’s like a certain kind of High that is just absolutely Fantastical for me. Which I’m sure might sound odd to some, but I can only hope that once you guys see and find out more you’ll share in my excitement
And quite honestly, I think a lot of people will. I love watching the silly videos people create and put up on Youtube doing wild stuff in these games and I can only begin to imagine what kind of wild stuff people will be able to put together with this title and its new systems and the many hours and journeys fans will spend immersing and fully projecting themselves into this world, playing the way they want to. Especially since this is easily From’s most immersive world yet filled to the brim with secrets and stuff From has never done before in multiple areas. I expect fans to have experiences of being drawn into eyecatching locales like a sailor drawn to a siren while other darker things roam,lurk, skulk and stalk just out of view. In a world that’s lathered with old school inspirations that would have D.b.weiss & David benioff taking up a whole Tabletop to draw its lifeline and heritage. And don’t worry, you’ll get plenty of weird, dark and bizzare things so typical of From here too.
I’m also aware that many of the communities that From has fostered over the past decade have felt left out by Sekiro. For those people I can say that you won’t be left behind here, and I don’t just mean that in terms of the existence of certain things like fashion, but also the abundance and creativity of what’s being offered here, perhaps moreso than in the past. Much of what you’d like and have come to expect is here. I’m sure plenty of people will love being able to show off their threads while battling alongside or against other warriors and scoundrels. Whether you’re a Social Cat Or Titan, this Land is yours to explore.
In addition to that for people who are more like me, people who like to explore and discover these worlds, lore hounds and solitary soldiers. You’ll have so much to dig into and search for, there’s plenty of Unearthed Knowledge for you to write your paragraphs of theories about. If you love level design and that’s one of your favorite things about these games as it is mine, then you’ve got nothing to fret about either. Interconnected design is larger and deeper than ever and archaeologists and spelunkers might just be in for their biggest playground yet.
To me, it feels like From is firing on all cylinders here and if you’ve enjoyed From’s recent output over the past decade and are open to New things then I feel like you’ll get exactly what you would want out of the project like this. It’s not just a side step off the beaten path(though there will be plenty of that), but a culmination of everything they’ve done and an evolution leading to a new beginning. And for the first time I really and truly don’t know what else I could want out of a game like this aside from just more. More of everything that’s being offered here. This is easily the biggest thing From has ever done, and to me feels like magnum opus material. I’m sure other people will still have their favorites, but for me, this is everything I could have asked for and more.
Though I should also mention that I think people expecting battles between lions, wolves, stags and giddorah’s might end up disappointed, there is no Feast for Crows here (Though for people grabbing their horned helms, gjallarhorn’s and carving runes into their shields may end up feasting on crows to say the least). And remember, this journey doesn’t end with E3, this is only the beginning, so don’t expect to be fully satiated just yet. But I hope this hype train will carry us there, and back again, rain or shine. And trust me there is plenty more to discover and get excited over ;) . Fear not the feast my friends, for I have laid breadcrumbs a plenty, and let the hype begin.
Elden Ring World/Gameplay Info by Omn1potent
The biggest single change in terms of design moving from Dark Souls to Elden Ring is the “open world”. But there are a million open world games from MMO’s to AAA games to BOTW, some very similar and some very different and some have even said “Well, isn’t Dark Souls already Open World? [From a certain point of view]. So let’s take a look at Elden Ring’s Open World in terms of design.
Remember when you first played Dark Souls and how cool it was traversing the world, especially once you got passed the early areas and human settlements like Undead Parish? Entering Sen’s Fortress, The Tomb of Giants and Anor Londo? All these incredible and varying locales that made this world feel much larger than it really is and the scale at which things were designed making you feel like this world was truly not built for the likes of you? It’s something I definitely missed from later titles. But after the shininess has worn off you’re able to start seeing that this massive world wasn’t really all that massive and was, realistically quite small. I want you to think about that while also thinking about Miyazaki’s quote of “we want to do things we weren’t able to do with Dark Souls”. Imagine a game in which that illusion was able to be made a lot more “real”. Now open your (metaphorical) eyes to Elden Ring.
Due to the nature of the game being “open world” it’s also able to more effectively capitalize on the concept of being able to see an area long before you reach it as well as looking back across the land to places you have already been, seeing how places connect and what not. This one of Dark Souls 1’s most charming elements and it’s been brought forward into Elden Ring in both a more natural way and on a much larger and more effective scale and I’d imagine that’s a design element that most will appreciate, as I certainly do. You’ll be traveling across the world and seeing places long before you’re able to reach them. Imagine a scenario in which you arrive at the staircase like the one in the dungeon in DS3, looking out across a vast distance to see a castle like Archdragon peak. But instead of having to psychically transport yourself there you know that eventually you’ll be able to cross that vast distance, bridge that gap and reach that castle to find what lies inside. The increased scale and scope is a hugely important pillar of this title.
That being said, this world is quite large. Before you start freaking out and going “but From said this isn’t your typical open world, is this going to be a big, largely empty world with random crap sprinkled throughout the world just to fill the space?” Short answer: Absolutely not. Long answer: one of the pillars of design in Elden Ring is to create a meaningful and fully realized world (to the best of From’s ability). Which doesn’t mean collectathons, random and sparse packs of copy pasted enemies and a lot of landmass simply for the sake of having a lot of landmass. What’s important is creating a variety of experiences for you to encounter and face throughout your journey while also making the world feel real and alive, like a place you can truly immerse yourself in and lose hours to and to a massively greater degree than in previous titles. As well as filling the world with interesting landmarks to draw your attention and help you familiarize yourself with your surroundings but also points of interest along your journey from one goal to another.
Areas will connect to one another like Dark Souls and I think it’s worth mentioning that they are aware of the problems of the infamous Iron Keep > Earthern Peak and the increased space allows things like that to be avoided.
In terms of the landmass itself, it’s far more similar to the works of Miyazaki’s idol Ueda than anything else (at least outside of Fromsoft), so it’s not just about having a super large mass of open field, but also degrees of verticality (where it makes sense) as well as natural transitions between the more open sections and the less open sections like castles and ruins and whatnot. When I mentioned Scotland in the original E3 post this is what I was referring to. Not Celtic or Gaelic Mythology (and such rumors had nothing to do with me). The landscapes of Scotland served as an inspiration for Elden Ring’s landscapes. That being said you’ll also be sure to see plenty of cool fantasy locales
“Alright, well, that’s cool and all but after a while things might get a bit samey right? And I’m not seeing how this is really all that different aside from just being bigger” While aside from there being a number of different locales this is a great opportunity to talk about another massive change. A departure from static worlds to a more meaningfully and active one. What do I mean by this?
Looking first at past Fromsoft games Demon’s Souls, Dark Souls, Bloodborne, Sekiro. These are all, largely static worlds. Things generally, don’t really happen unless you’re there to make them happen. Enemies might patrol a certain, small perimeter at best and during major player activated story events, enemy layout might change and or the behaviours of a few enemies might change in tiny ways. Such as the church giants in Bloodborne no longer patrolling the area and instead sitting on their knees. But overall, once you’ve been through an area once even after it’s changed you generally know exactly what to expect and where to expect it. The player activated changes might indicate a change in time of day across the entire world that will persist until again, the player activates an event and changes it or other things that are, fairly superficial.
And looking at the vast majority of open world games, they have day/night cycles and weather systems and both are usually primarily if not entirely cosmetic.
So where does that leave us with Elden Ring? Starting with static/nonstatic. Elden Ring, like past games will have opportunities to effect and change things in the world. But the noteworthy element here is that the world will change on its own. I don’t mean in any singular major sense but perhaps you’re strolling down your typical route to get from point A to B, having a jolly time on your horse, blasting old town road and before you know it you’re met with some sort of towering monstrosity. You’ve now got 2 choices. A try your luck and attempt to take down the beast. B: Pull a big ol nope and get your ass right out of there. Maybe you pick B, and end up taking a different route from now on…but who’s to say it won’t show up there too? Or even if it’s the only one out there? Perhaps you’ve been traveling, see something cool and start traveling inside some ruins or a cave. You start making your way back out and hey, things look a lot darker outside than they did when I came in and the enemies that were here when I left aren’t here any more…but some other things are. Perhaps there are ways to use this situation to my advantage, but perhaps I don’t want to risk it. The game also has its weather cycles though I wouldn’t expect anything particularly expansive or exciting in this department. Ultimately you’re left with a world that feels a lot more alive and like I said immersive. Like this is a place where things live.
Accompanying this are some changes and improvements to AI and design that has found new ways to trick the player into a false sense of security before being murdered. We’ve now leveled up from things hiding behind a corner and popping out to either slit your neck or kick you off a cliff, now we’ve got more involved and elaborate jebait mechanics to go with a more sophisticated world (Though I’d imagine plenty of the usual will end up in the game as well).
With all this being added and all the work being put into making this title what it is, I wouldn’t expect the likes of world tendency or insight this time around.
And all this is pretty much open and free for you to explore.
“But I like Fromsoft level design and hate open world games” There will, of course be plenty of your typically meticulously crafted areas for that too.
Alright, happy new years everyone.
Omn1 talks about Elden Ring's world design
Alright so lets go over this one more time.
Starting with: Given that It's generally the same people in here and my posts are first and foremost, for the people in here, I usually imagine us to all be on the same page. So my posts are addative and are supposed to work in conjunction with one another, adding context to past things and extrapolating on other things further.
Like Love Machine eloquently put it above. It's not about literally going back to Dark Souls in all but name. But given that this is a Fromsoft game, a medieval fantasy action role playing game at that, there are going to be similarities in terms of design and direction more so than any other game. Like siblings, they share the same DNA as they're from the same creators. But also like siblings, two siblings could look similar and have the same general values due to having the same background but have completely different interests.
While Dark Souls 1 is not where it all started, Its kind of irrelevant to the immediate discussion given its approach to world design is so distinctly different from its successors. Elden Ring included. Dark Souls 1 is a more appropriate starting point given that not only was it the first of the bunch to implement that sort of interconnected design but it has design philosophies that were not prioritized or had been abandoned in its successors and that is mainly what I'm alluding to.
Again, bringing back some of those design philosophies and thinking about how it can be done differently, in a different context or done better. A big one, again, being the players freedom of choice in direction and how to approach a situation.
But that does not mean that we're returning to the essentially hallway esque design of Dark Souls 1 where clever level design makes the world seem a lot larger than it is. There will still be elements of that as there are technical constraints and it's kind of hard to put a fully playable map of a country into a game without concessions (See: Witcher 3) but instead, this time things are actually large, actually open and you're actually traveling large distances to get to far off places, rather than traveling a few blocks to end up in a different castle.
I've previously likened it to Shadows Of The Colossus, that is still true. But it doesn't really tell the whole story. Because while SOTC is open, vast and there is an important sense of scale and distance, and it cleverly weaves between large open landscapes with different vistas down into pathways and decrepit ruins and back outward again. It's incredibly empty and your freedom is limited and while there are variations in vistas through the use of different biomes, everything conforms to the same sort of visual design philosophies, which works for this game because there isn't much in it, but wouldn't work for a From game. You can technically go anywhere you want, but that doesn't mean much when the only thing you can really do is kill the Colossi and you have to kill the Colossi in a specific order.
Which isn't really the image I want to depict of Elden Ring. Yes the vastness, the openness, the freedom, the clever funneling of player pathing. But less so the emptiness and the lack of player freedom or player choice.
Which again, goes back into Dark Souls 1's design philosophies. These together start to form the bedrock of the world design and then you start adding things on top of that.
Dynamic day/night cycles, lighting, weather, I'll even throw you a bone and say wildlife, enemies out in the open world that change their positioning, both big and small. Things that make the world feel like it lives and breathes and doesn't just exist as your playground and while they're relatively minor when looked at as singular elements. You start to take all of these elements and put them together and ultimately what you have is something that again, shares the same DNA as past games, but culminates into something different.
Even just looking at weather, day/night and lighting on its own is cool to me, because while: yes they're in so many games that its not inherently interesting or special. When you look at past games, with very few, contextual exceptions. Every area and locale is going to look essentially the same from when you enter to when you leave or even when you come back. Bloodborne, Dark Souls 3 and Sekiro dabble in time of day changes, but these are all irreversible and in my opinion, especially in the case of Dark Souls 3, aren't really super effective in changing the mood and atmosphere of an area and any fan of these games, especially when it comes to world should know that mood and atmosphere are huge parts of what makes these worlds and zones special.
You could enter a zone at dawn on a rainy day and exit with the night setting in and clouds clearing the way for the sky(which will be fantastic for the screenshot community), and even that can change more than just atmosphere with different enemies moving into the scene. Perhaps from there you've decided you're done with this area, see something in the distance and start making an effort to travel in that direction to see what it is.
Which is sort of another element of Dark Souls, you can see Duke's Archives from Undead Burg, and so on and so forth, but due to the way that the game is constructed, you can't really meaningfully execute on the dream of "see that, go there" of your own volition because the game will funnel you there when the game decides its time. Here it's different.
Which is why its not "Just Dark Souls 4". Yes there are elements of Dark Souls, which is to be expected given that again, this is a Fromsoftware Medieval Action Roleplaying Game but its taking the design elements of past games and taking them in a different direction and like Miyazaki said, doing things they couldn't before.
And like Love Machine said, world and lore are huge parts of what make these places feel distinct and unique. Yes there will be some similarities, but in the same way that the actual game world has elements of Dark Souls that have been approached differently while also having its own new ones that come together to create something unique. The world and lore will be the same, there will be dragons, but that doesn't mean its just Dark Souls 4 and personally I'm super happy with the direction that's been taken with the lore and story, more so than Dark Souls, but we will save that conversation for another time.
So while yes, you're not getting 10 million NPC's with 30 million lines of dialogue or BOTW style exploration, Sekiro combat depth or anything that is all that revolutionary (the why should be obvious for many reasons that I can't be bothered to explain right now) , that doesn't mean this game isn't as robust and worthwhile of the moniker of open world (or more specifically Open Field) or is just another Dark Souls. It's taking that baseline and seeing what else can be done with it.
Omn1potent Lore Post
The world & lore of Elden Ring are probably my favorite aspects of the game and big reasons as to why I consider it to be a potential personal all time favorite. I’ve always dug the lore in these games and the places we inhabit, some far more than others but it’s always the connective tissue that can really make or break a game for me and at times is the deciding factor in whether or not I’ll even give a game a chance. That being said, being a fan of ASOIAF & From games, a collaboration between the top minds of both is of course a dream come true for me. So let’s take a bit of a look into why this collaboration is so cool.
Before we begin I think it’s worth once again reinstating that G.R.R.M did not write the narrative of this game. He wrote the back story and world history of Elden Ring as well as collaborating with Miyazaki & From on the world itself. Miyazaki handled the narrative instead and Martin’s writings are used as world history, there was no hardline rules on how they had to adapt his writings and they were free to interpret them as they see fit and create based on that. This is the nature of this collaboration.
So as we discussed prior in the context of Fantasy and ASOIAF, Martin’s best qualities are his incredibly detailed world building through his ability to create believable, living, breathing worlds that have a large sense of scope and an almost encyclopedic sense of history. On top of that he has a great knack for bringing in well trodden concepts and ideas in the realm of fantasy and making them interesting either by twisting them or by their placement in a larger whole. That is what’s being brought to the table here. A history that delves into the statecraft of this world, political confrontations, its major players and powers and other important presences who’s influences and impact can be felt into this day. Usual Fromsoft stuff to some extent, but obviously with a bit more emphasis placed on the importance of these things rather than having it be the usual very much in the background, blink and you’ll miss it stuff.
Important inhabitants of the world aren’t just humans or ‘Not’ Humans (though you as the player character will be) with everything else being an enemy of vague intelligence but you’ll be opened up to a much wider variety of interesting folk on your journey, different races, some of which may have similar fantasy roots as races already explored in past games but explored differently, the likes of some you may have already glimpsed in the trailer. Others will be new with their own Fromsoft tinge. Different races out in the world add a lot of personality, variety and vibrancy that wasn’t really there before as the majority of who you meet are generally human or some form of human-esque.
My reasoning for labeling Elden Ring “High Fantasy” begins there. The scope of the world, lore and narrative is more grandiose than past games in pretty much every way to match the new, greater scope of the game it’s meant to inhabit, in addition to a tone that strays a bit further from convention into territory of being brighter than usual Fromsoft fare (though being a GRRM/From game it’ll have its dark moments).
From the concept of the Elden Ring down to the major players involved in this world, even down to things more ‘simple’ like the functions of magic and its place and purpose in this world as well as those who wield it being more fleshed out than usual, both in terms of their sub-narrative as well as organizations of their own. Its immediately clear that a lot of time and effort was put into fully realizing this world and everything in it, arguably to a degree unseen in past games.
Schools of Magic aren’t just about what sort of element you wield but which school matches the ideals you most closely adhere to and which organization you might feel more connected to. Things that will be explored through their visual design and in game narratives.
As for the Elden Ring itself. I think its my favorite From concept yet and it’s deeply tied into the world itself in a number of aspects, I personally would argue more so than the likes of the Dark Sign, Souls and the linking of the fire or Old Blood. As those prior examples were aberrations of the natural order and state of the world, the Elden Ring was the state of the world, and obviously when something like that is shattered, everything is effected.
To draw a bit of a parallel to our world. We have things like the moon, our magnetic field, our atmosphere. All of these things have an important role in our life on earth that is so intrinsic to our existence that having one of or all of these things removed would change the planet and all life on it. The moon has an effect on animal life and is used to guide behaviors in different species, as well as the tides, it was once used to measure the passage of long periods of time. The magnetic field helps keep us safe from the likes of cosmic storms and solar flares as well as affecting the fundamental force of magnetism, which is also used by many guiding instruments. I shouldn’t need to explain why our atmosphere is important, and if you need further proof, look at Mars. But why is that relevant? Because the Elden Ring is a fundamental force of this world on that scale and while it’s loss hasn’t literally wiped all life off the face of the planet, it’s had a number of more exciting fantastical effects on the world.
What happens to the land without it, its people, its visible and tangible effects. What happens when the barrier comes down and all the worst and unimaginable things it was keeping out start to make their way in. When someone you once knew becomes something. When existence itself and everything within and around it just stops working as intended. Its influence has seeped into everything for better or worse and you get to witness the results of that.
How do you deal with that, how do the people around you deal with that, governing bodies, nations, the divine royalty of gods and demigods. How and where does everything intersect? What comes next?
And its not just about reading about it through lore but going out there and seeing it for yourself, experiencing it and having it be represented in every aspect of the world around you. Expanding on environmental storytelling
So what does that leave you with? A world in turmoil, strife and conflict amongst peoples in which the forces of existence itself have been broken, and the ensuing aftermath of which you get to wade through and experience for yourself across great distances and locales that are equally as grandiose as the world they inhabit that really bring in that high fantasy feeling to your trek, not taking place in just a single land like past titles, but multiple with their own distinct qualities, characteristics, visuals and recognizable inhabitants. This will be more of a journey than ever. Part of making that world and journey more engaging and believable though is populating the world with interesting characters for you to meet, with their own journey and stories and that’s another aspect that From is making an effort to improve on. A lot more characters with stories that will span further across the game in terms of location and story progression with their own motives and personal ambitions. Like the larger and more involved NPC quests of DS3 but on a more consistent scale.
The player themselves also gets a more interesting and involved personal narrative beyond “go here, do thing, save land because I said so”.
What you’re left with is a larger world than Dark Souls with places that aren’t just alluded to, but you get to explore yourself, facing a more intense and far further reaching internal as well as existential calamity when fundamental forces of this universe are broken. Leaders and nations, the divine and the fiendish, all in conflict and you finding your place throughout all of this. Resulting in a powerful narrative with more dramatic weight than preceding titles but not any more overbearing.
Omn1 clears up some misconceptions
Just want to pop in and make sure we're all on the same page here and clear up some misconceptions.
The way I see it is Elden Ring is sort of a new start for the Souls games. Going back to Dark Souls 1 in particular and building off of that while of course looking at what they've learned on subsequent games and implementing elements of everything that came after where they see fit. Creating a new "baseline" for future "Souls" games or From A/RPGs.
So what that means in practice (As some of you have speculated) is moreso focusing efforts into exploration and world design elements more than other elements. I wouldn't expect any singular aspect of the game to be "revolutionary" or completely out of left field. Again its building off of prior games and It's uniqueness, at least in my opinion comes from that. I already think that these games are top tier, especially in the ARPG scene. So to have them take what they've learned over the past decade, sort of go back to the drawing board and build something out of those pieces has it result in something that is greater than the sum of its parts, at least IMO. But I would say the exploration and world and how things come together are the most impressive aspects. Which is then coupled with systems and improvements, such as improved AI and dynamic day/night & weather, dynamic enemy placement, roaming enemies and large roaming creatures, etc. Things that sort of seem small on an individual level and aren't really ground breaking game systems but become a lot more significant when you look at it in the context of:
-Fromsoft Dark Souls 1 level design in a bigger world and again seeing things long before you're able to reach them and things being on a much greater scale than theyve ever done before. -More open level layout. -A lot more freedom and choice in direction and in some ways progression.
As well as looking at other basic systems, looking at their best implementation of it and then doing that on a larger and or more consistent scale
The lore and art of the world I think will also play a significant role in making it feel unique and fresh and I think that is important as well.
Effort is being put into improving both magic and melee combat and movement and there are some cool things going on there. Some QoL things are being brought over. But you're not going to get Sekiro tier mechanics and depth or anything in this game as implementing stuff like that when you've got stat allocation, massive gear variety (the most thus far unless stuff gets culled) as well as build variety, PvP and what not, then you've gotta make it fair to magic users and whatnot. Balancing that all becomes an unmitigated mess when you have so many variables to deal with. Meanwhile Sekiro only had 1 weapon + tools and linear stat progression. So i would keep my expectations in check on that front too. Going back to the earlier thought process, I'd be thinking along the lines of Dark Souls as a baseline and developing things outward from there. But I think that in terms of moment to moment gameplay some of the QoL carryovers from Sekiro (like a dedicated small jump as one example, no not hopping on heads) will help make gameplay at least feel more meaningfully distinct over just another Dark Souls sequel and provide some more movement or tactical options where it makes sense.
So I wouldn't put my hopes into any super complex systems or anything making it into ER. its more a matter of taking all of these puzzle pieces, making improvements, adding some new things where it makes sense or adds something of value without becoming a hassle or detriment to development and putting something together that ultimately represents something that is again, greater than the sum of its parts.
Also: While I have been teasing subterranian stuff, I think some people have gotten the idea that I am teasing or promising water having an important significance in ER. I am not and I think people have gotten the wrong idea based on perhaps ineffective wording of a metaphor on my part and personal works of a From 3D artist. So, don't wanna get anyones hopes up for anything significant on that front
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2020.07.29 22:39 BringATwenty Mormonism Was Started During Uncertain Colonial Times As a Secret Military Strategy to Save the Doomed "USA". It Worked. Since Then Mormonism Has Nepotistically Grown To Become The Modern USA's $150 Billion Dollar Fraud. This Original Chain of Events Is Outlined In The Following 42 Critical Points.

  1. After the 8 year long revolutionary war ended in 1783, the "United States of America" still faltered countless times in the following decades. Easterly landlocked colonial territories outlined on paper as "States" could not come together as "One Nation". Different military's, militias, brotherhoods, factions, factions within factions, slavery and counterfeit money bred constant chaos. For many periods over those following decades attacks from Great Britain, Spain, France, Mexico and the warring Indian tribes they supplied meant the easterly landlocked territories were doomed to be conquered by one nation or another. (Even Russiahad a trade presence on the west coast) Year in and year out, every day and every night, every primitive, easterly landlocked, colonial territory's survival was threatened. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
  2. The Nation needed to expand West to save Freedom but the unorganized military was spread too thin. Some settlers made progress with peaceful Native American tribes yet wagon trains of settlers who dared to venture West were still violently slaughtered by warring Indian tribes. Young, old, no one was spared. Stories of the violent massacres kept many settlers held up in the landlocked territories. Other's fled back to England. Still others came. (1) (2)
  3. The guiding hand of a centuries old Scottish Brotherhood can be seen throughout the USA's founding decades. Known founding fathers George Washington (1732-1799), Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), Paul Revere (1735-1818), John Hancock (1736-1793) and others were members of the Brotherhood's different factions within factions spread across the territories. Hidden history reveals so much more about these founding fathers than many know. For example, George Washington still owned 300 slaves upon his death. Paul Revere was a master of metals and an entrepreneur and his clients included the US Government (1) (2). Dynamic Oligarch, Governor, Inventor and swimmer Benjamin Franklin (1) (2) might one day go down in history as a colonial version of Bruce Wayne/Batman. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5))
  4. Faraway on the other side of the globe, during the same time the revolutionary war was going on, England's Captain James Cook, a global explorer and close associate of the Brotherhood, led the discovery of what would become Hawaii. He saw firsthand how polygamy could grow a nation quickly. Word of the native island people and their bounty of ancestral legends, ocean going stories and treasure traveled around the globe and throughout the Brotherhood's ranks on both sides of the Atlantic. Among the native's Cook and his crew were first revered as immortals but about a year later Cook was attacked and killed as an imposter. This did not phase other explorers and visitors. Travel by ship to the islands became so familiar during colonial times that when conquering Hawaiian King Kamehameha passed away his drunken son LihoLiho, who carried the King's title in name only, traded away a substantial portion of the island's treasures for a yacht built by a Salem, Massachusetts family prominent in seafaring, politics and the military (Crowninshield). After the yacht reached the islands in 1820 it was extensively and expensively remodeled under LihoLiho's orders. It suspiciously sank in a Kauai bay less than two years later and LihoLiho suspiciously died on a peculiar, ill fated trip to Great Britain in 1824. (1) (2) (3)
  5. In the failing US Territories of the late 1700's and early 1800's, patriotic leaders prayed and planned and searched for ways to save the failed Nation. Guidance was sought. Plans were constantly suggested and evaluated. Different members of the Brotherhood secretly suggested laying the foundation for a massive religious following built by polygamy to successfully pave the way West so the failed Nation could expand and be saved.
  6. During this critical time, at least 14 stories of different people having similar "religious" experiences popped up around the territories. None of them created a great following. (1)
  7. During the 34 years spanning 1787-1821, the US's first 24 easterly landlocked states were formed on paper. However, 61% of these states were formed during the first 16 years of that period. For the last 18 years of that period, the pace of forming states had come to a violent halt with only 7 being formed. The chaotic territory known on paper as the "USA" was on the doorstep of imminent failure and what would become a quarter century blight where only two more states would be formed on paper. (1821-1845) (1)
  8. That 1821-1845 time period coincidentally also covers 99.9% of the time that the published, foundational beginnings of "Mormonism" occurred. 1820 is the published year of Joseph Smith's First Vision. 1847 is the published year Brigham Young strategically ordered his west coast bound following to suddenly stop in Mexico Territory at an enormous salt filled lake smack dab in the center of the American continent's untamed West. Even though it was in Mexico Territory at the time, the location of this Great Salt Lake was perfectly centralized in the continent's West and could serve as the doorstep to how the West could be won. Over the next 20 years after Brigham Young's arrival an estimated 60,000-70,000 faithful pioneers would follow. Many were followers of Mormonism. Many practiced polygamy. Many would be sent in all direction of the West to faithfully colonize strategic territories and pave the way for the Nation's armies (1).
  9. For nearly 195 years, Mormonism has surreptitiously weaved historical claims about a man named "Martin Harris" (1783-1875). Mormonism claims Harris was a humble farmer who's greedy wife left him after he mortgaged their family farm to faithfully pay today's equivalent of hundreds of thousands of dollars for the first publishing of the boy Joseph Smith's "The Book of Mormon" and that shortly after that economic failure and other critical founding roles Harris lost faith in Mormonism but later rejoined Mormonism in Utah at the very end of his 92 year long life. (1)) (2) Hidden history reveals that these claims about Harris ARE EXACTLY HOW HE WANTED IT. The purveyors of Mormonism go to great lengths to perpetuate these myths about Harris even today. If you don't accept the boy "Joseph Smith" as a child prophet who grew into a man prophet, Harris' purveyors of Mormonism want you to hate Joseph Smith as an impossible genius-con artist-pedophile so you fail to see the truth of who Harris really was and what Harris really did.
  10. "History is written by the victor" and the past two centuries demonstrate that Harris definitely was the victor. This is because in reality Harris' "greedy wife" "Lucy" was actually his child cousin. Yes she was a child. Yes she was his first cousin. She was 15 and he was 25 when he forced her to marry him. Yet within Mormonism story after story leaves this critical detail out. Additionally for one reason or another Lucy became partially deaf over the next 20 years. There is also at least one report that in addition to sexually abusing this child Harris also physically abused her. This is an indication of Harris' proclivity to control children. Harris eventually fathered 6 children) through Lucy's nubile womb. 28 years later and after being physically separated from Harris for years, Lucy suspiciously died at the age of 42. Weeks later then 52 year old Harris married 21 year old Caroline Young. A niece of Brigham Young. He fathered 7 children through here nubile womb.
  11. Like the Crowninshield's and other influential families throughout critical parts of the chaotic New England territories, The Harris family was also wealthy, well connected and zealously patriotic. With his father Nathan Harris, and his brothers (Emer and Preserved) Martin controlled hundreds of productive acres in the Palmyra, New York region with complex operations producing a river of revenue from livestock and linen. Martin Harris' father Nathan Harris and mother Rhoda Lapham Harris originally moved the Harris family to the Palmyra, New York area in 1796, 20 years before the poverty stricken Smith's would arrive practically on Harris' doorstep. (1) (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)
  12. The white linen Martin produced was so exceptional that he won several awards for it. Since Mormonism's beginning days, the wearing of multiple layers of white clothing has been expected of followers. For decades manufacturing this clothing and selling it to followers has been a secret, multi-million dollar industry for Mormonism. The white clothing includes under garments for daily wear by males and females as well as outer garments for wear in private ceremonies. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)
  13. Harris was a zealous patriot. At 29 years old, four years after forcing his child cousin to marry him, he began regularly leaving his life of power, wealth and marriage as a "Harris" to regularly fight during the 3 years of "The War of 1812". ( "The War of 1812" was actually "The War of 1812-1815".) Harris was recognized as a leader and an honored war veteran at war's end. As an honored war veteran, is it safe to suggest that he became familiar with killing in the name of patriotism as wars require of brave men and women (1) ?
  14. Harris was a convincing story teller. He once got people to donate money for what he claimed would be used to support the Christian Greeks fighting the Turks. He also claimed Jesus appeared to him in the form of a deer and walked with him for a couple miles. He also claimed an incident regarding a flickering candle was the work of the devil. (1) (2))
  15. After the War of 1812, the well respected, wealthy, influential, honored, 33 year old Martin Harris was nominated to be "Road Overseer" in the Palmyra region. A position he controlled for the next 7 years. This included the 7 years it took to finally construct New England's Eerie Canal.
  16. The dynamic Harris was an influential supporter of the Eerie Canal and it's possible route. Harris made sure the route passed by he and his father's lands. This would expand their river of cash and operations to the eastern territories in exponential ways. This river of cash would be used by many to finance business and patriotic endeavors in the failed Nation. (1) Prior to the Eerie Canal "New York" was way down on the list of in-demand territorial ports. Historical economist's acknowledge that the Eerie Canal made New York the leading port and global economic powerhouse that it has been for nearly two centuries.
  17. The boy Joseph Smith Jr. was born December 23, 1805. The poverty stricken Smith family relocated 8 times in the chaotic New England area during Joseph's Smith Jr.'s first 10 years. If they were in Europe they may have been referred to as "gypsys". With Great Britain's latest attack and eventual retreat underway after the War of 1812, the Smith family with it's many sons of working age moved to Palmyra in 1816 in search of work on the controversial, to be built "Eerie Canal". (To this day, published Mormon history acts as if the Eerie Canal doesn't exist.)
  18. During these colonial decades, almost 1 in 5 children did not survive their first year. The Smith family was no exception. Although some children are not listed here in 1816 the living and to-be-born members of Smith family included Joseph Smith Sr. (father, 45, d. 1840), Lucy Mack Smith (Mother, 41, d. 1856), Alvin Smith (son, 18, d. 1823), Hyrum Smith (son, 16, d. 1844), Sophronia (daughter, 13, d. 1876), Joseph Smith Jr. (son, 10, d. 1844), Samuel Smith (son, 8 d. 1844), William Smith (son, 5, d. 1894), Katherine Smith (daughter, 3, d. 1900), Don Carlos (son, newborn, d. 1841). Lucy Smith would be born 5 years later, d. 1882). Shortly after arriving in the Palmyra region, the poverty stricken, uneducated Smith family took over a primitive cabin less than 1 mile from Harris's lands that bordered the future route of Eerie Canal. This was the Smith family's 8th move in Joseph Smith Jr.'s 10 years. After moving so many times, they absolutely moved here to gain work on the Eerie Canal. This move would be the families last. Mother Lucy Smith would bury all but one Smith male during the first 25 years of Mormonism's beginnings. (1)
  19. Harris was 22 years older than Joseph Smith. As a well known, wealthy local and "Road Overseer" who regularly hired local boys and men to work on his own lands, Harris met the Smith family with it's many sons around 1816 when Smith's moved to Palmyra. Harris did not live within 1 mile of the Smith family for 8 or 10 years before meeting them as Mormon history weaves. Harris likely learned of the arrival of the Smith family within days of their arrival to Palmyra through longtime Palmyra residents including the resident who owned the tiny primitive cabin the large Smith family moved into. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black, map, page 6)
  20. Within published Mormonism there are also conflicting accounts spanning three violent chaotic colonial years when Martin Harris met "Joseph Smith". Some accounts claim it was 1824, some claim it was 1827. This would have been when Joseph Smith was 18...or 21. Another ignored, critical discrepancy. (1) (2)
  21. In the early 1800, as years of chaotic uncertainty unfolded, for one reason or another Harris appropriated the Brotherhood's patriotic goals for the Nation for himself. Among other things he knew of the other religious experiences told by others around the territories. (Harris would eventually become related by marriage to one of the story tellers). Harris saw that a young mans voice was needed for a following to catch on. For that, the powerful Harris chose a young many to be a voice of his own. This voice was that of 18 year old Alvin Smith). However, as Harris laid the ground work for his patriotic cause over the next 4 years, headstrong Alvin resisted. Because Hyrum was also older than 18 after those 4 years and like Alvin would have been privy to some of the Brotherhood's publishing's and ceremonies that Harris borrowed (or stole) from, Harris skipped choosing Hyrum as a potential "voice" and chose Joseph, the dynamic, naïve, uneducated, friendly, 14 year old boy who walked with a limp. This is now the year 1820 and is when the boy Joseph's published stories begin. 4 years later though, Alvin was engaged to be married and saw potential for the Smith's without their dependence on the Harris' for work. He began to interfere with the powerful Harris' grooming and temptations of the impressionable Joseph. With the fate of the Nation at stake and no more time to find another voice amid Joseph's waiverings growing ever more critical as he too approached the age of 18, the wealthy, zealous, altruistic, powerful, patriotic Harris ordered Alvin's murder . It was just four and a half weeks before Joseph's 18th birthday. After Alvin's death, Harris used threats towards other Smith family members to ensure Joseph would not waiver. Fearing for the rest of his family and now 3 year old little Lucy, and with no "911" to call and no one else to come to their aid, 17 year old Joseph and the rest of the Smith family would become Harris' emotional hostages for the next two decades. Just like Harris had done with his child cousin who he forced to marry him, Harris had gained control of the boy Joseph and the Smiths.
  22. The powerful Harris, his father and their faction, ("The Men Who Visit") continued freely catalyzing Mormonism and the Book of Mormon from the Brotherhood's materials. They also used materials from forced and unforced sources including authors of 6 previous publications (#3). In their zeal, with their power, influence and use of violence they were able to greatly reduce the prominence of the publications they borrowed and stole from.
  23. Mormonism's publishings indicate "The Book of Mormon" was originally a 30-60 pound heavy stack of gold plates discovered in a sealed box under a boulder and that the box also included a sword (The Sword of Laban), a spherical compass (The Liahona) and a breast plate with a pair of primitive glasses attached to it. Publishing's indicate that translation of the engraved writings on the plates occurred by Joseph Smith without him looking at the plates but instead by Joseph wearing the Urim and Thummim and iterating out loud the words that appeared to him. If he didn't want to use the plates, he could also use a black stone he had been led to. If he didn't want to use the black stone, he could use a white stone he already had. (1). A scribe who was either his first wife Emma, Martin Harris, David Whitmer or Oliver Cowdery. (2)
  24. Harris' reputation for being wealthy was well known enough that in 1833 he was sued and jailed for $1000 (what some would say is today's economic equivalent of $500,000) by a young woman for publicly saying she had a "bastard child". In that day women couldn't sue a man alone so the suit was brought by a male friend of the woman. Harris posted bail and left. The suit was quietly dismissed under the claim that the woman was already "scandalous" prior to her claims against the well known Harris. (Link available by download through google search "the imprisonment of Martin Harris").
  25. During the following years under Harris control, naive Joseph resisted at times. Joseph tried to break free at times. Joseph sought funding for his own militia. Joseph spoke in code to his militia. As a victim, out of survival or as an eventual participant, Joseph absolutely made mistakes.
  26. A city was built around Mormonism. Harris and his endless river of cash and connections from the Eerie Canal was never far away. Day by day Harris' barges on the Eerie Canal sent one fortune of goods after another to the eastern territories. At the port of New York, the empty barges were loaded with immigrants grateful to have some place inland to go. Stories of the American Bible gave them something to believe in. For one reason or another, many of these early male, female and child immigrants were from Scotland...
  27. Harris and his faction forced Joseph to claim that 24 different angels appeared to Joseph including Adam, Moses, Noah and other biblical characters.
  28. Harris' self-fulfilling prophecy involving patriotically well-connected aristocrats Charles Anthon, Luther Bradish and Samuel L. Mitchell. Note that Bradish was a literary agent of profound, well educated early American author James Fenimore Cooper. Cooper is the author of "The Leatherstocking Tales", "The Last of the Mohicans" and other known titles. Cooper was also a midshipman in the US Navy who was very familiar with the working of ocean vessels. Like Benjamin Franklin, Cooper was known for his intellect and occasionally mischievous creativity. (1) "The Book of Mormon" contains ocean going stories (1) (2). Like Harris, Bradish also fought in the "War of 1812". These are just a few of the critical circles of influence needed to catalyze something like "The Book of Mormon" and Mormonism and to see it through to fruition while minimizing and eliminating obstacles along the way. These are the kind of critical circles of influence that a naive, uneducated, poor, handicapped, gypsy boy from a new-to-the-neighborhood family just did not have.
  29. In 1844, with thousands of immigrant and American born followers spread across many New England territories and elsewhere, Harris secretly ordered Joseph to began preparations to lead Mormonism's followers from Nauvoo into the West to save the failed USA. Instead, the naive Joseph believed he could save the failed USA by becoming President of the USA himself. Believing he was finally too powerful for Harris to kill him, Joseph publicly announced his campaign for President of the USA. With no time to spare, the zealous, patriotic Harris immediately ordered the murder of Joseph Smith and two of his three remaining brothers. Within weeks of Joseph's presidential announcement Joseph and his older brother Hyrum were arrested and killed within days (June 27, 1844). With thousands of followers, his own militia and the bounties of an entire growing city at his fingertips, Joseph allowed himself to be arrested believing that he and Harris would reconcile. After Joseph and Hyrum's murder however, in an insidious taunt to other less heinous factions who's attempts failed to gain a following and to remove all obstacles at seeing his own faction's plans through, Harris ordered the murder of younger brother Samuel Smith 33 days later (July 30, 1844). The number 33 is significant within the Brotherhood. For one reason or another Harris spared the Smith females (Mother Lucy Mack, daughter's Sophronia, Katherine, Lucy) and the youngest living Smith son at the time William. In all, 6 Smith male family members including Alvin (murder), Joseph Smith Sr. (suspicious), Don Carlos (illness), Hyrum (murder), Joseph (murder) and Samuel (murder) died during the Lord's careful "Restoration of the Gospel".
  30. After Joseph's unbelievable, tragic and violent murder Mormonism split into multiple groups with several different leaders emerging. Some believed in polygamy some didn't. 1) Brigham eventually led the majority into the West. 2) Joseph's family and first wife Emma stayed in Nauvoo. 3) Other followers went to Philadelphia. 4) Others went on a ship to sail to the continent's west coast with Samuel Brannan (who pulled a page from Benjamin Franklin's book of propaganda and sensationalism and started the gold rush of 1849 by publishing reports of gold in the area in eastern markets. Brannan is recognized by many as the west coast's first millionaire although not from "gold". Like many others in Mormonism's founding days publishings indicate Brannan was also eventually "exiled" from Mormonism). 5) Other's followed James Strange (Strange was Harris' back up plan in case Brigham was killed or failed. Strange led a following to northern territories on the Great Lakes. Harris was never far away from Strange. Strange eventually also produced "writings" from plates he claimed he was led to. (Harris is noted within Mormon history as being responsible for "losing" 116 pages of writings Joseph produced). Strange was murdered 9 years after Brigham Young stopped his following at the salt lake in the center of the West and the West was won.
  31. During this period other people would mysteriously die or disappear. Harris and/or people claiming to be associated with the US Government were never far away. (1)
  32. Within two years of Mormonism conquering the West, US states started being formed on paper again. This ended the quarter century blight that began shortly before Mormonism's founding days. (1)
  33. When it came time for Brigham Young to commission a statue to commemorate Mormonism's settling of "Salt Lake City" and to be placed at the entrance to his expansive "Utah Territory" property instead of choosing an angel Moroni, a figure of Joseph, or anything related to Mormonism he chose an eagle on top of a 5-pointed star. This statue commemorating the "Gate for the Eagle" became known as "The Eagles Gate". These symbols acknowledged the conquering of the American continent's West by Freemasonry under the banner of the USA. Although the "Eagle" has always been highly visible, the "Star" is seldom mentioned publicly but is clearly visible in person and in many images. This Star is also used throughout Mormonism's early ecclesiastical buildings. Note that in the 1970's some groups with nefarious purposes adopted the 5-pointed star ("pentagram") as a purported satanic symbol however among different uses related to the USA, it had been used for over a century to also represent the rising Eastern Star.
  34. Between his 15 year old child cousin bride Lucy (10 years his junior) and his mysterious bride Caroline (29 years his junior), Martin Harris fathered 13 living children through the two females nubile wombs. Today there are 13 secret corporations that control Mormonism's $100 billion dollars.
  35. Images of Martin Harris in his later years (1870) show him holding a staff with a serpant's head. 116 years before, Benjamin Franklin used a serpant as patriotic imagery (1754).
  36. Although images of just about everyone else in Mormonism's founding days exist, Mormonism maintains that no images of Joseph Smith exist. Instead, they elect to use handsome cartoon renderings of Joseph Smith that generate millions of dollars in revenue every year. This is while Mormonism also ignores reports of at least one photograph and forensic science that indicates a less sensationalized image of Joseph Smith. Naturally, this image also demonstrates more family semblance with Alvin Smith than the cartoon images do.
  37. Of all figures in Mormonism's beginnings the grave marker of the forgotten Martin Harris is by far the most substantial. Joseph Smith doesn't even have his own marker. His is shared with his brother Hyrum and his first wife Emma even though Emma married a non-Mormon on Joseph Smith's birthday 3 years later. Mormonism goes to great lengths to hide Emma's marriage to a non-mormon after Joseph's murder especially with the critical role of Emma that has been weaved throughout Mormonism and the translation.
  38. Polygamy openly continued for over 60 years before being renounced so Utah could officially become a State. Polygamy continued privately for decades and continues still in many ways due to Mormonism maintaining spiritual polygamy.
  39. Mormonism openly practicing racism until 1978.
  40. Nepotistic connections through blood or marriage existed throughout Mormonism's founding days with the 3 witnesses and the 8 witnesses and continues today. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5). Note that of the "3 Witnesses" Martin Harris was one. One was also a "Whitmer". 4 of the "8 Witnesses" were Whitmer's. "Hyrum Page" of the "8 Witnesses" was married to a Whitmer. Joseph Smith's father and two brothers make up the rest of the "8". All most all of the witnesses eventually left Mormonism but out of fear of retribution from Harris' faction they never recanted their stories or roles in Mormonism.
  41. Today Mormonism is a nepotistic (1) (2) (3) (4) $150 Billion tax-free corporation masquerading as a "religion". It owns influential roles in companies you know and use everyday. $100 Billion of that ill-gotten wealth places Mormonism among the top 5 of the largest cash reserves in the USA. Additional billions are held in real estate development (one example), media control (NBC-UTAH), the USA's largest cattle producer, the USA's largest nut producer, Universities in Utah, Idaho and Hawaii (BYU) and billions of dollars more in tax free capital raising buildings disguised as chapels, temples and other "ecclesiastical" buildings. Even though Mormonism continues to have lie after lie revealed about it, it maintains disturbing nepotistic control over the State of Utah and it's political, legal, municipal, educational and media offices as well as it's global at-risk "volunteer" force of tens of thousands of teenagers).
  42. If Mormonism doesn't seem like an insidious regime yet this link should make it perfectly clear.
This all means that Today, Utah's population of 3 million people and millions of others around the globe are subject to a nepotistic, evil regime and are in DESPERATE need of rescue by the Federal Government.
MR. PRESIDENT PLEASE HELP US!
"Save Utah Save The Nation"
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2020.07.27 19:22 digestives27 Reasons Why I Still Play FM08 – The First Five Years (Year 1, Part 1)

Reasons Why I Still Play FM08 – The First Five Years (Year 1, Part 1)
WARNING: VERY LONG POST. READ AT YOUR OWN LEISURE.

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NB: This is part ONE of TWO. If you want to skip to part TWO, please click here.

It’s time to roll back the clock and head on back to a bygone era of English football. As the real life 19/20 season is forced to drag its heels out to the end of July and beyond, 13 years ago the season was long done and dusted by now, and the transfer window was in full flow.
To quickly recap: Manchester United missed out on league and cup double as the newly crowned Premier League champions lost out to Carling Cup winners Chelsea 1-0 in the FA Cup final, AC Milan got their revenge on Liverpool, beating them 2-1 in the Champions League final after losing to them in 04/05 and the closest any British side got to the UEFA Cup was the final being hosted at Hampden Park in Scotland (NB: Tottenham were knocked out in the Quarter Finals by eventual winners Sevilla).
Sheffield United, Charlton Athletic and Watford would all be relegated from the Premier League, to be replaced by the three best teams of the Championship: Sunderland, Birmingham City and Derby County. I daren’t dive too deep into the Conference North and South, but the rest of the leagues were settled as per below:

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* NB: Altrincham would be spared relegation from the Conference Premier as Boston United were given a double relegation punishment for their financial situation.
As such, Boston United would be demoted to the Conference North. Altrincham would remain in the Conference Premier in order for the division to remain at 24 teams.
Which brings us round nicely to July 2007 and that burning question: what happened next?
Of course, having lived through the next 13 years, we all know what happened next: from backs-to-the-wall Champions League successes to unlikely Premier League champions and Spanish national team dominance, but what did the FM08 engine make of all this? Could it really happen? Is it more or less likely to occur in the game than in real life?
Having played the game religiously since its release (why change a good thing?) I have come to love and hate some of the most incredible glitches in the game engine, including physics-defying goals and eternal suspensions to fixture pileups and the entire league calendar disappearing (hello unplayable game).
[I’m not here to disrespect the newer Football Manager games, they’re brilliant in their own right, but every year they just get more and more complex for a casual gamer like myself and FM08 always had the perfect balance of “quick play” vs “in-depth analysis” which meant I could get as much out of it as I chose to. Sure, there’s still room for improvement, but I don’t want a perfect game, I want a playable game]
I have played FM08 is with so many different permutations: with attribute masking on or off, using fake players, playing in obscure leagues, with FM Genie, without FM Genie, with a custom database, with FM Modifier… and I still have plenty of testing I want to do (currently I’m trying to figure out a formula for CA/PA that allows me to create “the perfect player” in every position). FM08 is my sandbox.
But what happens if we put all that to one side and let the computer fight it out? How would it compare to real life? What do the RNG Gods have to say about it all?
So thus, I present to you:

Reasons Why I Still Play FM08 – The First Five Years (Year 1, Part 1)

For this experiment, I will be using the Default, non-patched database, version 8.0.0.
As this is my first run through of a simulated story, I will be running this on my old ASUS notebook so, in the interest of not killing it, I’m only going to run all the English leagues. Also, because I’m playing a separate game at the same time on my main laptop and I don’t want to disturb that.

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My manager will be Spanish hero Juan Carlos Perez Martinez. I’m paying homage to my friend’s old FM09 legendary regen striker who would regularly compete with my world-class striker Carlos Pinto for bragging rights.

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And so, onto the game we game. Real players and no attribute masking. The goal was to simulate every three months at regular intervals, but I messed up the first season a little so it’s slightly out of sync with the rest. I will be mostly focussing on the Premier League and the Champions League, as well as the World Cup and the European Championships, however I will be relentlessly scouring all the competitions for some of the big stories.
Even though my manager is Spanish, I will be keeping close tabs on the England national team because, you know, football’s coming home…
07/08 media league predictions + key:

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So, without further ado, we’ll skip ahead a few months and see how the season is going so far.
01 - Wednesday 31st October 2007
First off, let’s rewind back to the transfer window and see who we the big movers. July saw a few big names moving, with Andrea Barzagli and Maxi Rodriguez making moves to Barcelona and Arsenal for £12.25m and £17.5m respectively, however it was Chelsea who first broke the £20m mark signing Goran Pandev for £20.5m from Lazio. He’ll have strong competition for a starting place against Drogba, Shevchenko and Pizarro. Promising 22-year-old Jefferson Farfán makes a shrewd £6m move to Tottenham.
August was surprisingly low-key. Lazio replaced Pandev two weeks later with the £12m capture of Obafemi Martin. Arsenal snap up young Swiss winger Tranquillo Barnetta for a further £7.25m. Palermo continue to ship off players selling Cristian Zaccardo and Mattia Cassani to FC Bayern and Atletico Madrid on top of last month’s departures of Amauri to AC Milan and Barzagli. They replace them with a Mexican striker and a Portuguese centre-back. £41.5m sold, £9.75m bought, net profit: £31.75m. Tidy business.
As for Lazio, they’d replace £20.5m Pandev with Diego Benaglio, Lucas Biglia, Obafemi Martins, Pascal Chimbonda and a return home for their old wing-back César find a combined total of £21m. Two teams to watch next season in Europe.
The Community Shield season opener is contested between Chelsea and Man Utd and is won 2-1 by the latter. First half goals from Wayne Rooney and Ryan Giggs do enough to see off the Blues. Goran Pandev scores on his competitive debut but Florent Malouda’s straight red card 5 minutes later essentially ends the game as a contest, even if Chelsea somehow ended with 61% possession.
Back to the league, where we’re about 10 games in. Everton are surprise league leaders, unbeaten with a GD advantage over second-placed Man Utd. A fearsome strike partnership of Andy Johnson and Yakubu with 10 goals and 4 assists between them. A fearsome defence backs them up, with goalkeeper Tim Howard keeping 7 clean sheets in 11 games, conceding only 5 goals in the other 4 games. As expected, Tevez, Rooney and Ronaldo are causing havoc at Man Utd, 12 goals and 5 assists between them, but it’s Newcastle who lead the goalscoring charts thanks to Michael Owen’s 7 goals and £4.6m-signing Cani’s 4 goals and 5 assists.
3rd placed also-unbeaten Arsenal have 2 games in hand on Everton and also boast a mean defence, just lacking the team goal threat to go with it; Eduardo’s 7 goals does mean he joins Owen, Dean Ashton, Leroy Lita and Nicolas Anelka at the top of the charts though.

https://preview.redd.it/a383pys0nfd51.png?width=1245&format=png&auto=webp&s=27767eb2d35261d78c4391e3fc3597c5f98ef4f3
I will talk about the lower leagues more as the season (and indeed seasons go on), but for most of part one I will be looking at the Premier League + Champions League.
02 - Thursday 31st January 2008
To clarify, I was still finding my way during the first season. Ideally, I wouldn’t have had a save slot on January 31st, but I learnt my lesson for future seasons. Temporarily using the 03 save file, I can tell you so more about how the Transfer Window would end up playing out. In truth, very little actually happened on Transfer Deadline Day, bar Michael Dawson moving from Tottenham to Bolton for £6.75m; they had already recruited Christopher Samba from Blackburn for £9.25m prior to this.
The bigger deals took place much earlier. Chelsea bolstered their strike force even further with the £15.75m signing of Giampaolo Pazzini from Fiorentina, whilst Tottenham picked up the versatile Gonzalo Castro from Bayer Leverkusen for £12.75m. Lazio offloaded Christian Ledesma to Real Madrid for £11.5m and allowed Inter Milan to purchase a co-ownership in Valon Behrami for £7.75m. A more comprehensive screenshot below showcases some “blasts from the past” and their moves.

https://preview.redd.it/b7j4vof1nfd51.png?width=1228&format=png&auto=webp&s=cecca5f3b8f838e63ad8f33f100f521b87e4fe2c
However, we should always expect some managerial casualties by this point of the season and looks like had to wait until December for our first ones, with Preston and Tranmere both sacking their managers on 8th December, Middlesbrough following suit by sacking Gareth Southgate a day later after a 1-0 away loss to Newcastle. His replacement, Tony Mowbray, has done little to turn their form around with just 1 win and 2 draws in his 9 games in charge, including an FA Cup 3rd round exit to Bolton, with the club languishing in 19th in the league, 3 points from safety.
Perhaps the biggest talking point though is the form of Chelsea, widely expected to be strong title challengers this season, they have underperformed badly, finding themselves in 10th place in the league. Avram Grant was sacked on December 23rd, the club being linked with Javier Aguirre, Juande Ramos and Louis van Gaal to fill the vacancy, as well as bookies’ favourite Marcelo Lippi. In the meantime, Steve Clarke will take charge of the club, being appointed manager on Christmas Day.
And Steve Clarke lasts all of one day in the job! A 3-1 Boxing Day loss away to Man Utd, with the team going 3-0 down inside 13 minutes, has led to the players to immediately lose confidence with him and he was sacked immediately.

https://preview.redd.it/jfkr6s43nfd51.png?width=1237&format=png&auto=webp&s=ebd5551a5f65038ce797df9edc316e24ea241805
His replacement is indeed World Class 59-year-old Marcelo Lippi, whose reign begins on New Year’s Eve. Let’s see if he lasts a little longer…
Man Utd now lead the league by 7 points after 23 games with Arsenal in 2nd place on 48 points and Man City massively overperforming to claim 3rd place. Still a long way to go, of course. Sunderland’s hopes of remaining in the topflight are looking slim as they sit rock bottom with 13 points, 7 from safety.
Kevin Doyle is showing that he doesn’t miss former strike partner Leroy Lita as he storms to the top of top goal scorer charts with a 17 goals for Reading.

https://preview.redd.it/r2v9iw24nfd51.png?width=753&format=png&auto=webp&s=8152d3cdc3760db219a0ba30924ad178f0e7f82c
No shocks in the FA Cup 3rd round as all higher league teams beat their lower league opposition; Liverpool, Man Utd, Bolton, Derby and Arsenal overcoming their Premier League opponents, but the 4th round is where it starts to get exciting.
Championship Wolves knock out Premier League Bolton whilst Arsenal are eliminated by Premier League strugglers Fulham. Newcastle do superbly to eliminate league leaders Man Utd away from home, 2-0.
League Two Peterborough do excellently away to Wigan to take them to a replay at their London Road stadium. Peterborough sit 1 point of the top of the League Two table with a game in hand.
The League Cup has been a mixed catalogue, with at least three Premier League teams falling at their first hurdle: the 2nd round. However, the 3rd round provides less upsets and business is resumed, Chelsea being the biggest casualty after high-flying Man City dump them out.
Not much more surprising in the 4th round. The dream for League 2 Bradford ends with a 3-0 away loss to Bolton Wanderers and League 1 Nottingham Forest fall at home to Everton. Is anybody surprised that the quarter finals are contested by eight Prem teams? Newcastle, Man Utd, Everton and Arsenal dispatch Bolton, Liverpool, West Ham and Aston Villa to reach the two-legged semis.
Everton vs Newcastle, leg 1
Incredible drama at Goodison Park where a dubious 9th minute Yakubu goal is wiped out by a simply untouchable Michael Owen who nets himself an unanswered hat-trick by the 69th minute. However, Everton rally late on and 2 goals in 70 seconds from Mikel Arteta and Tim Cahill ensure the spoils are shared at full-time, 3-3.
Arsenal vs Man Utd, leg 2
A dominant Arsenal might feel disappointed to only be leaving with a 2-1 win here. Paul Scholes slotted him in the 36th minute against the run of play but Arsenal would equalise on the stroke of half-time, a goal kick pumped upfield by Jens Lehmann is flicked on by Gilberto Silva into the path of Eduardo who smashes him on the stroke of half-time. Galvanised, they would take the initiative 10minutes into the second half, Barnetta playing a corner to the edge of the box where Maxi Rodriguez’s deflected shot would find its way to Gallas to fire home.
Newcastle vs Everton, leg 2
More of a formality this time round as Newcastle made no mistake putting Everton to bed. Two goals from Emre complemented Cani’s opener to see Newcastle win 3-0 and go through 6-3 on aggregate.
Man Utd vs Arsenal, leg 2
If the Everton vs Newcastle first leg was thrilling, Man Utd and Arsenal went all out to surpass it here. Trailing 2-1 from the first leg, Paul Scholes once again opened the scoring for Man Utd, breaking from midfield to slot home Ronaldo’s through ball, who himself would go on to put Man Utd ahead on aggregate after a one-two in the box with Rooney, smashing home from an angle. Gilberto Silva’s excellently guided finish in the 35th minute, after Patrice Evra’s poor clearance, meant the teams went in level on aggregate at half time.
Who knows what was said at the break, but both teams came out firing in a frantic 10 minute spell: Max Rodriguez finishing off a good Arsenal counter-attack two minutes into the second half but the lead was short-lived as Ronaldo fired in another wonderful finish from an angle barely two minutes later, Scholes threading the ball through after his initial free-kick was cleared back to him. Ronaldo then turned provider after a good run down the right, lifting to the ball into Michael Carrick to head home and lead 5-4 on aggregate, Carrick in turn injuring Bakary Sagna in the process.
Excellent trickery on the left with from Barnetta left Gary Neville for dead before a delightfully whipped ball into the box left it on a plate for Fàbregas to fire home his fifth goal of the season. Arsenal lead on away goals, but they don’t come into effect until after a spell of extra time.
(editor note: because stupid rules are stupid)
Indeed the game does go to extra time, both teams battle fervently until the very last. As the clock strikes 121:15, Arsenal are on the brink and Man Utd get a corner, goalkeeper Edwin van der Sar joining the attack. A ball whipped across goal to the back stick and Patrice Evra climbs highest above William Gallas to nod home a late, late winner. Arsenal fans are furious! Where was the final whistle? Their time-wasting tactics came back to haunt them in the end. 5-3 final score, Man Utd win the tie 6-5 on aggregate.
Newcastle vs Man Utd is scheduled for February 24th.
A quick look at the Champions League now as the group stages are complete and nothing too shocking. Chelsea, Liverpool, Man Utd and Arsenal all top their respective groups. The biggest shock is that holders AC Milan crash out of the group stages after finishing bottom of their group behind Celtic, Benfica and Spartak Moscow. There will be no European football for them this season. They didn’t even have the consolation of a European trophy earlier as Sevilla beat them 1-0 in the European Super Cup, a solitary goal from Alexandr Kerzhakov enough to seal victory for Los Palanganas.
As if they needed further insult to injury, AC Milan would also go on to lose the Club World Championship final to Boca Juniors 4-2 on penalties after a dull 0-0 draw.
A summary of the group stage:

https://preview.redd.it/q5x8l738nfd51.png?width=1237&format=png&auto=webp&s=391f9d39713d764bbe9a6a38205fb7e63ff5d422
Celtic’s reward for topping their group is a first leg away trip to Valencia, while Real Madrid’s second-place goal-difference finish means they play Chelsea in arguably the pick of the ties, despite Chelsea’s poor league form.

https://preview.redd.it/7nhpdcq8nfd51.png?width=368&format=png&auto=webp&s=1773335cf0e559e175ace846f45bcd9eeaa69d53
We’ll look back at the UEFA Cup later on as there are too many teams to cover initially. The draw for the 1st round knockouts is here:

https://preview.redd.it/rcixg5ebnfd51.png?width=511&format=png&auto=webp&s=94044e38c22b12d73af7f64f729a5abd5556c8fd
In other news, Charlton and Sheffield United lead the way, aiming for an instant return to the top division, whilst Hull prop up the Championship table. Top scorers Plymouth would do well to plug their leaky defence if they want to make a push for the play-offs while second-lowest goal scorers Stoke City show that you can achieve success by keeping it tight.
QPR’s overachievements (predicted 18th, currently 4th) are largely overshadowed by Scunthorpe’s sensation form: predicted to finish bottom, currently lying in 5th place, Bradley Wright-Phillips and Martin Paterson with 19 league goals between them for The Iron.
Big shoutouts to Bury in League who are defying expectations from a 20th position prediction to leading the table, as well as Morecambe, up 16 positions to 5th. Conversely, automatic promotion hopefuls Brentford should hold their heads in shame at being just 3 points above the relegation zone whilst Exeter and York must be wondering how they’re going to turn their seasons around if they want to get back into playoff contention.
A summary of every league and their position relative to media prediction is below:

The media always know best...
Notes: Crawley Town deducted 6 points due to ongoing financial irregularities. They would otherwise be top of the league on Goal Difference!
Leeds United also started the season with a 15-point deduction. They would be 7th currently if they didn’t have the reduction.
Onwards to April!
03 – Tuesday 1st April 2008
April Fool’s Day is here but it’s no joke in the Premier League where Man Utd have romped to a 10-point lead over second place Arsenal (albeit having played 2 extra games). Tottenham Hotspur continue to drop into obscurity as they hit 14th position (form guide, 20th: DLLLL) whilst Wigan have climbed out of the relegation zone, Fulham replacing them. Man City’s fine form continues as they find themselves 5th with only 1 point separating them and Liverpool and Portsmouth above them.
Leroy Lita, incensed at Kevin Doyle’s trash talk a few months ago, has come back with aplomb to claim top spot ahead of the Irishman in the race for the Golden Boot. Cani is staking a claim for signing-of-the-season at Newcastle, leading the assists chart with 13.
Middlesbrough’s poor disciplinary record is one of the reasons they’re 19th in the league – 81 yellows and 7 reds. Chelsea’s lack of fight for the title exemplified by them being the only team without a red card to their name this season. Too nice?
Mike Dean is staking a claim for most hated reference in the league – 102 yellow cards and 13 red cards issued this season so far, the most in both categories.
In the league leagues, Charlton have guaranteed a playoff place as they lead the Championship by 5 points, Leyton Orient are already relegated from League One, Bury have secured a play-off place in League Two and Farsley are relegated from Blue Square Premier. Otherwise, it’s very much all to play for across the board.
Onto Europe where the Quarter Finals of the Euro Cup are as follows:

https://preview.redd.it/uaq9to8hnfd51.png?width=447&format=png&auto=webp&s=9ea308119c2bdf13fcbbd1b31076cbc00344b6c7
But the major talking points lie with the Champions League 1st Knockout Round.

https://preview.redd.it/5ue3picinfd51.png?width=358&format=png&auto=webp&s=cc4cb0db600abef2f29df72b2900e07d2df706ea
Cagey games like Ajax/Liverpool (Steven Gerrard missed a penalty) and Real Madrid/Chelsea (Andriy Shevchenko sent off) were very much overshadowed by the game of the round: Valencia vs Celtic.
Benoît Pedretti put Celtic 1-0 up after a lovely slide-rule pass from Scott Brown – his first ever goal for Celtic before they were undone 2minutes later by some simple play from Valencia. Cañizares pumps the ball long to Joaquín on the wing who skips past Lee Naylor before sliding in Nikola Zigic to equalise.
Some fine work from Shunsuke Nakamura and Maciej Zurawski slips in Scott Brown to retake the lead but their fine work is undone by a harsh decision as Mark Wilson’s tackle on Rubén Baraja is deemed a penalty to Valencia on the stroke of half-time. David Villa’s initial effort is saved smartly by Artur Boruc, but he reacts fastest the rebound to take the times in at half-time level.
That goal spurred Villa on as his 48th minute free kick took a huge deflection off the wall to wrong-foot Boruc but Celtic would respond well with Nakamura skipping past his man to slot home an equaliser. Iván Helguera, still reeling from believing Nakamura’s goal was offside, loses concentration and misses the interception on Nakamura’s through ball as Aiden McGeady follows in from the edge of the box and buries it high into the net for a famous 4-3 away victory for the Scottish team.

https://preview.redd.it/6mae0gqjnfd51.png?width=360&format=png&auto=webp&s=8ddab317065b6004747726803bece9a2eed35a88
Celtic certainly proved they were no one-trick ponies either by repeating the trick in the second leg, a first half hat-trick from David Villa not enough to stop Celtic’s four unanswered second half goals.
A five-star performance from Liverpool at Anfield saw them overcome ten-man Ajax, while Sergio Ramos’ away goal was enough to eliminate Chelsea. Rodrigo Palacio turned on the style for PSV with a hat-trick in a 4-0 home win.
Here’s how the Quarter Finalists line-up:

https://preview.redd.it/6u218snknfd51.png?width=370&format=png&auto=webp&s=a7701906f068f4faedd563b068749f2152f44cca
The FA cup charges on and some more scalps were taken with Blackburn beating Chelsea away from home. However, the last of the Football League sides were all knocked out in the 5th round so it’s an all-Premier League affair from now on.

https://preview.redd.it/136pdn4lnfd51.png?width=427&format=png&auto=webp&s=177f2630fe0523a42c37c3fceb8358bcae82c9ec
The 6th round sees a late winner from local boy Shola Ameobi after Robbie Keane had cancelled out Michael Owen’s first-half goal. The 6th round was notable for not having any of the traditional giants of the English game in it. The FA cup will find it’s way to either Blackburn, Newcastle, Derby or Portsmouth this year, four very different corners of the country.
The Semi Finals, to be played at Wembley Stadium of course, will be:
Derby vs Blackburn
Newcastle vs Portsmouth
As Chelsea’s poor form has been a theme lately this season, we should probably check out how Marcelo Lippi is getting on…
Yep, you guessed it, he was sacked! A 2-1 away loss to Liverpool back in March and Abramovich swings the axe once more, replacing him with somebody that nobody at the bookies banked on: Javier Irureta. The former Atletico Madrid and Athletic Bilbao midfielder leaves his post at Betis to take the most dangerous seat in English football right now.
Now, after leaving you all hanging after the dramatic League Cup semi-finals, I can reveal that the winner of the League Cup final is… Newcastle United!
The teams lined up like so:

https://preview.redd.it/h9ms357mnfd51.png?width=838&format=png&auto=webp&s=27c0a1dcd724485fc814c0bd48dd787749e9a7eb
(editor note: I had a chuckle at Newcastle’s backline: Shay, Faye, Beye, Tay, Enrique*. Yes, simple things amuse me)
Still, this was a closely fought battle with both teams spurning great opportunities to score, but in the end first half goals from Michael Owen and Joey Barton proved too much for Man Utd, despite a bundled second half goal from Louis Saha. Final score, 2-1.
And so, into the final stretch we go before the players prepare for Euro 2008…
Please click here to read on: Reasons Why I Still Play FM08 – The First Five Years (Year 1, Part 2)

If you have any questions thus far, I'll be happy to provide answers where possible, provided they're not spoilers for the end of the season.
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2020.07.27 00:13 Laulicon [Analysis] A Look Into Victoria: The Dracos, Aslans, and the Conflicts Between the British Isles

So, let's talk a bit about Victoria, and why the Aslans are the kings.
“The Dracos symbolized unquenchable thirst for conquest, while the Aslans symbolized power through order. People believed that for countless generations, Victoria was influenced by three forces, including those two.”
\"I… am Dublin!\"
What are these three forces? Let’s find out by starting with Reed. A Draco that should've been long extinct, and with the Victorian throne to boot. The word "Draco" itself is the Latin word for "dragon". It is believed to be introduced in the 4th century on Roman flags, and was later adopted by Britain; King Arthur Pendragon's surname may have referred to the draco standard, and the Welsh Dragon, appearing on the Wales National Flag, may also have been taken from the Roman draco.
Reed herself, I believe, is also a reference to the Welsh Dragon, but there’s more to her than that. The "Dublin" mentioned in her voice lines is the capital of Ireland. "Dublin'' comes from the Irish word dubh linn, meaning "dark pool", which might be why she specifically says "like the reeds by a pond". Her archive 4 has a "Draco Gaelic king" (missing in the English translations, sasuga Oyster), and the Gaelic culture also originated from Ireland. Given these, we can say that the Draco side represents Ireland.
\"For want of a nail... the kingdom was lost.\"
The other side are the Aslans, the lions. And we can't talk about the Aslans without talking about Siege (given that she's the only Aslan we have). Siege's base skill is called Lionheart, a nod to Richard the Lionheart, or Richard I of England, famous for leading the Third Crusade against Saladin, the sultan of Egypt and Syria in 1189. He also introduced the design of the three lions on the Royal Arms of England, matching the three lions that appear in Siege's E2 art. Siege and Indra's profiles also mention Gawain and Morgan, referencing Sir Gawain, a Knight of the Round Table, and Morgan le Fay, a powerful sorceress in Arthurian legends. It's probably safe to say that the Aslans side represents England.
Finally, we have the third side that is never actually mentioned. I will cover that in a bit, so for now, let's look at Bagpipe.
\"My city-busting lance and I come from Victoria!\"
Bagpipe's design pretty much slaps Scotland in your face. Since "the secret orders of a unicorn" was mentioned in Chapter 7, the national animal of Scotland, we do know that Scotland could very well exist in Terra. Her background might be a reference to the Scots Guards (thanks to נυиσ тнє ѕιвєяιαи нυѕку#2686), part of the foot guards regiment in the British military since 1642. The bagpipe instrument itself is most famously associated with Scotland, and Bagpipe’s kilt is a traditional Scotland kilt. By tradition, a true Scotsman shouldn’t wear undergarments while wearing a kilt.
So… yeah.
As you might've already guessed, I believe the third force is Scotland. You might also ask, "Is this really enough evidence to say that?" Of course, it's not enough to be based on Bagpipe alone. We know that Victoria is an expy of the United Kingdoms, and apart from Ireland, Wales, and England, the only country left is Scotland. If what I believe is correct, the Dracos being Wales/Ireland, Aslans being England, with Scotland as a third force, then was there a point in history with the "harrowing aspects" concerning these three forces, and ended with the Dracos' "extinction"?
Perhaps the name “Charles I of England” might sound familiar—the king of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625 to 1649, the direct contributor to the start of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, and the only English king to be executed as a king.
Charles I of England, King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland
Interestingly, he was also the creator of the Scots Guards, whose origins lie in Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment, in response to the Irish Rebellion in 1641.
It’s hard to briefly summarize what kind of person Charles I is, but he was born into a world where politics were rapidly changing, while he still held onto the belief of the Divine Right of Kings and refused to adapt. This divide caused his breakup with the Parliament, and paved the path to his eventual downfall.
Because of his belief in the king's rights, Charles I was angered by how the Parliament was trying to restrict what he can and cannot do, notably on the issues of import/export taxes. He dissolved the Parliament in early 1629, and for the next 11 years he ruled on his own accord (known as the Personal Rule or the Eleven Years' Tyranny).
In 1639, unsatisfied with Charles I's rule, an uprising in Scotland led to the Bishops' Wars. Charles I recalled the Parliament in 1640 in order to amass funds for war, but again the Parliament asked to restrict the powers of the king, and Charles I dissolved this Parliament, known as the Short Parliament, within a month. However, because of the attacking Scottish forces, Charles I was forced to recall the Parliament again in late 1640, and this Parliament existed until 1652, known as the Long Parliament.
Charles I in Three Positions by van Dyck
The new Parliament was much more hostile towards Charles I. The conflicts eventually led to Charles I leading an armed assault on the Parliament in 1642 to arrest five of its members, but the news leaked and they escaped ahead of time. Only the Speaker of the House of Commons was present, who famously said to the king, “May it please your Majesty, I have neither eyes to see nor tongue to speak in this place but as the House is pleased to direct me, whose servant I am here,” refusing to divulge the whereabouts of the five members. The backlash forced Charles I to leave London, and raised the royal standard at Nottingham, turning against the Parliament.
During this English Civil War, the Parliament allied with Scotland, while Charles I had the support of the Royalists from both England and Ireland. Eventually, Charles I's army lost and the king was captured. While under house arrest in the Isle of Wight, he tried to secretly form an alliance with the Scottish Presbyterian forces, but the Parlimentary army led by Oliver Cromwell suppressed both the Scottish forces and the Royalists in Ireland. In 1649 Charles I was sentenced to death for treason, with 59 people signing his death warrant.
Charles I's death warrant
Now, substitute Ireland/Royalists with the Dracos, and England/the Parliament for the Aslans.
But of course, like most things in history, this wasn't the end yet.
"The great Victoria is splintering. Every province is ignoring the dark cloud over Londinium. I think I can even guess who runs Londinium now.
"The gears have begun to turn. The decaying clock will finally strike twelve."
After the fall of Charles I, Oliver Cromwell named himself Lord Protector of England and disbanded the Long Parliament, effectively ruling as a military dictator until his death in 1658. His son Richard Cromwell became the Lord Protector, but the Army had no confidence in him and forced him into exile, and the Army itself broke apart into many factions. An English General in Scotland, George Monck, made an alliance with Charles Stuart (Charles II of England) who was in exile in France. In April of 1660 Charles announced the Declaration of Breda, promising to spare the revolutionists if they swear loyalty to the king, religious toleration, as well as protecting the rights of the Parliament. In May of the same year he returned to London as the king.
Having said all that, I do wonder how Victoria will respond to Talulah, Reed, and possibly Reed's sister, with Siege thrown into the mix.
There's still another question left, however: during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Dublin was under control of the English Parliament since the beginning, with the Royalists trying to capture it. So, why would Reed call herself "Dublin" if the Dracos represent the Royalists?
Since the incident with Reed and Bagpipe happens after the supposed extinction of the Dracos, we'll have to look into the future too—268 years into the future.
More specifically, the Irish War of Independence.
A Flying Column during the war
After WW1, the Irish people who were uncontent with Britain's rule on Ireland (the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) took up arms against the British army in Ireland. The conflict began with the Republican party declaring independence in January of 1919, and on the same day two Royal Irish Constabulary officers were shot by the Irish Republican Army volunteers. This was widely regarded as the start of the war. The IRA, led by Michael Collins, engaged in guerrilla warfare with the British Army, RIC, and later auxiliary paramilitary forces from Britain. The war ended in July of 1921 with a ceasefire and the making of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, splitting Ireland into Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State, and the Irish Free State must pledge loyalty to the King, like other dominions of England.
This treaty eventually caused the Irish Civil War a year later, but that's another topic for another day. But just looking at the Irish War of Independence, we can spot some interesting connections.
Michael Collins in 1919
Bagpipe's profile states that she served for three years. The Irish War of Independence lasted roughly two and a half years—from January 1919 to July 1921. She could be one of the Scottish regiments within the British Army, such as the Scottish Gunners. The “ghostly troops” she talks about may be a reference to “the Squad”, also nicknamed the Twelve Apostles, a special squad created by Michael Collins whose main tasks were assassinations of British officers, and were also the ones who carried out the operation on Bloody Sunday in November of 1920. Alternatively, it could refer to Collins' "Flying Columns", small squads composed of 100 men or less, capable of rapid movement and were effective in the guerrilla war against British forces.
Reed, on the other hand, could be the Dublin Guard, created after “the Squad” and the original Dublin Brigade were combined to form the Dublin Guards, and is possibly why she refers to herself as Dublin. The Dublin Guards split in 1922 during the Irish Civil War. The majority of it followed Michael Collins, who now was defending the treaty, while the rest sided with the anti-treaty IRA. The Dublin Guards on Collins' side contributed in securing Dublin for the Irish Free State, and massacred IRA soldiers and committed atrocities against other IRA members. Perhaps this is the reason why Reed doesn't like the phrase "soldiers of Dublin".
The "Knoll County" in Reed's profile where she was found could be County Leitrim, a hilly region in Northern Ireland. It's also the location where the Selton Hill ambush took place, where an IRA Flying Column was ambushed by RIC forces, with six IRA officers killed.
Leitrim countryside. By User:RedHotHeat - Self-photographed, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1471088
Now, the whole shenanigan with Reed being a body double is still up in the air, and I’m not sure if it has any historical context or if it’s just there for plot reasons.
But anyway, I think that’s enough history in one day.
If you’re interested, check out more of my stuff here.
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2020.07.23 16:25 VoxChiasmus Utah's Mormonism is The Deep State

TL;DR - A Colonial Military Cult Disguised As a Religion Saved the Failed USA Then Nepotistically Grew To Become The Modern USA's $100 Billion Dollar Regime: 42 Facts.

  1. After the 8 year long revolutionary war ended in 1783, the "United States of America" still faltered countless times in the coming decades. Easterly landlocked colonial territories outlined on paper as "States" could not come together as "One Nation". Different military's, militias, brotherhoods, factions, factions within factions, slavery and counterfeit money bred constant chaos. For many periods over those following decades attacks from Great Britain, Spain, France, Mexico and the warring Indian tribes they supplied meant the easterly landlocked territories were doomed to be conquered by one nation or another. (Even Russia had a trade presence on the west coast) Year in and year out, every day and every night, every primitive, easterly landlocked, colonial territory's survival was threatened. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
  2. The Nation needed to expand West to save Freedom but the unorganized military was spread too thin. Some settlers made progress with peaceful Native American tribes yet wagon trains of settlers who dared to venture West were still violently slaughtered by warring Indian tribes. Young, old, no one was spared. Stories of the violent massacres kept many settlers held up in the landlocked territories. Other's fled back to England. Still others came. (1) (2)
  3. The guiding hand of a centuries old Scottish Brotherhood can be seen throughout the USA's founding decades. Known founding fathers George Washington (1732-1799), Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), Paul Revere (1735-1818), John Hancock (1736-1793) and others were members of the Brotherhood's different factions within factions spread across the territories. Hidden history reveals so much more about these founding fathers than many know. For example, George Washington still owned 300 slaves upon his death. Paul Revere was a master of metals and an entrepreneur and his clients included the US Government (1) (2). Dynamic Oligarch, Governor, Inventor and swimmer Benjamin Franklin (1) (2) might one day go down in history as a colonial version of Bruce Wayne/Batman. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5))
  4. Faraway on the other side of the globe, during the same time the revolutionary war was going on, England's Captain James Cook, a global explorer and close associate of the Brotherhood, led the discovery of what would become Hawaii. He saw firsthand how polygamy could grow a nation quickly. Word of the native island people and their bounty of ancestral legends, ocean going stories and treasure traveled around the globe and throughout the Brotherhood's ranks on both sides of the Atlantic. Among the native's Cook and his crew were first revered as immortals but about a year later Cook was attacked and killed as an imposter. This did not phase other explorers and visitors. Travel by ship to the islands became so familiar during colonial times that when conquering Hawaiian King Kamehameha passed away his drunken son LihoLiho, who carried the King's title in name only, traded away a substantial portion of the island's treasures for a yacht built by a Salem, Massachusetts family prominent in seafaring, politics and the military (Crowninshield). After the yacht reached the islands in 1820 it was extensively and expensively remodeled under LihoLiho's orders. It suspiciously sank in a Kauai bay less than two years later and LihoLiho suspiciously died on a peculiar, ill fated trip to Great Britain in 1824. (1) (2) (3)
  5. In the failing US Territories of the late 1700's and early 1800's, patriotic leaders prayed and planned and searched for ways to save the failed Nation. Guidance was sought. Plans were constantly suggested and evaluated. Different members of the Brotherhood secretly suggested laying the foundation for a massive religious following built by polygamy to successfully pave the way West so the failed Nation could expand and be saved.
  6. During this critical time, at least 14 stories of different people having similar "religious" experiences popped up around the territories. None of them created a great following. (1)
  7. During the 34 years spanning 1787-1821, the US's first 24 easterly landlocked states were formed on paper. However, 61% of these states were formed during the first 16 years of that period. For the last 18 years of that period, the pace of forming states had come to a violent halt with only 7 being formed. The chaotic territory known on paper as the "USA" was on the doorstep of imminent failure and what would become a quarter century blight where only two more states would be formed on paper. (1821-1845) (1)
  8. That 1821-1845 time period coincidentally also covers 99.9% of the time that the published, foundational beginnings of "Mormonism" occurred. 1820 is the published year of Joseph Smith's First Vision. 1847 is the published year Brigham Young strategically ordered his west coast bound following to suddenly stop in Mexico Territory at an enormous salt filled lake smack dab in the center of the American continent's untamed West. Even though it was in Mexico Territory at the time, the location of this Great Salt Lake was perfectly centralized in the continent's West and could serve as the doorstep to how the West could be won. Over the next 20 years after Brigham Young's arrival an estimated 60,000-70,000 faithful pioneers would follow. Many were followers of Mormonism. Many practiced polygamy. Many would be sent in all direction of the West to faithfully colonize strategic territories and pave the way for the Nation's armies (1).
  9. For nearly 195 years, Mormonism has surreptitiously weaved historical claims about a man named "Martin Harris" (1783-1875). Mormonism claims Harris was a humble farmer who's greedy wife left him after he mortgaged their family farm to faithfully pay today's equivalent of hundreds of thousands of dollars for the first publishing of the boy Joseph Smith's "The Book of Mormon" and that shortly after that economic failure and other critical founding roles Harris lost faith in Mormonism but later rejoined Mormonism in Utah at the very end of his 92 year long life. (1)) (2) Hidden history reveals that these claims about Harris ARE EXACTLY HOW HE WANTED IT. The purveyors of Mormonism go to great lengths to perpetuate these myths about Harris even today. If you don't accept the boy "Joseph Smith" as a child prophet who grew into a man prophet, Harris' purveyors of Mormonism want you to hate Joseph Smith as an impossible genius-con artist-pedophile so you fail to see the truth of who Harris really was and what Harris really did.
  10. "History is written by the victor" and the past two centuries demonstrate that Harris definitely was the victor. This is because in reality Harris' "greedy wife" "Lucy" was actually his child cousin. Yes she was a child. Yes she was his first cousin. She was 15 and he was 25 when he forced her to marry him. Yet within Mormonism story after story leaves this critical detail out. Additionally for one reason or another Lucy became partially deaf over the next 20 years. There is also at least one report that in addition to sexually abusing this child Harris also physically abused her. This is an indication of Harris' proclivity to control children. Harris eventually fathered 6 children) through Lucy's nubile womb. 28 years later and after being physically separated from Harris for years, Lucy suspiciously died at the age of 42. Weeks later then 52 year old Harris married 21 year old Caroline Young. A niece of Brigham Young. He fathered 7 children through here nubile womb.
  11. Like the Crowninshield's and other influential families throughout critical parts of the chaotic New England territories, The Harris family was also wealthy, well connected and zealously patriotic. With his father Nathan Harris, and his brothers (Emer and Preserved) Martin controlled hundreds of productive acres in the Palmyra, New York region with complex operations producing a river of revenue from livestock and linen. Martin Harris' father Nathan Harris and mother Rhoda Lapham Harris originally moved the Harris family to the Palmyra, New York area in 1796, 20 years before the poverty stricken Smith's would arrive practically on Harris' doorstep. (1) (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)
  12. The white linen Martin produced was so exceptional that he won several awards for it. Since Mormonism's beginning days, the wearing of multiple layers of white clothing has been expected of followers. For decades manufacturing this clothing and selling it to followers has been a secret, multi-million dollar industry for Mormonism. The white clothing includes under garments for daily wear by males and females as well as outer garments for wear in private ceremonies. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)
  13. Harris was a zealous patriot. At 29 years old, four years after forcing his child cousin to marry him, he began regularly leaving his life of power, wealth and marriage as a "Harris" to regularly fight during the 3 years of "The War of 1812". ( "The War of 1812" was actually "The War of 1812-1815".) Harris was recognized as a leader and an honored war veteran at war's end. As an honored war veteran, is it safe to suggest that he became familiar with killing in the name of patriotism as wars require of brave men and women (1) ?
  14. Harris was a convincing story teller. He once got people to donate money for what he claimed would be used to support the Christian Greeks fighting the Turks. He also claimed Jesus appeared to him in the form of a deer and walked with him for a couple miles. He also claimed an incident regarding a flickering candle was the work of the devil. (1) (2))
  15. After the War of 1812, the well respected, wealthy, influential, honored, 33 year old Martin Harris was nominated to be "Road Overseer" in the Palmyra region. A position he controlled for the next 7 years. This included the 7 years it took to finally construct New England's Eerie Canal.
  16. The dynamic Harris was an influential supporter of the Eerie Canal and it's possible route. Harris made sure the route passed by he and his father's lands. This would expand their river of cash and operations to the eastern territories in exponential ways. This river of cash would be used by many to finance business and patriotic endeavors in the failed Nation. (1) Prior to the Eerie Canal "New York" was way down on the list of in-demand territorial ports. Historical economist's acknowledge that the Eerie Canal made New York the leading port and global economic powerhouse that it has been for nearly two centuries.
  17. The boy Joseph Smith Jr. was born December 23, 1805. The poverty stricken Smith family relocated 8 times in the chaotic New England area during Joseph's Smith Jr.'s first 10 years. If they were in Europe they may have been referred to as "gypsys". With Great Britain's latest attack and eventual retreat underway after the War of 1812, the Smith family with it's many sons of working age moved to Palmyra in 1816 in search of work on the controversial, to be built "Eerie Canal". (To this day, published Mormon history acts as if the Eerie Canal doesn't exist.)
  18. During these colonial decades, almost 1 in 5 children did not survive their first year. The Smith family was no exception. Although some children are not listed here in 1816 the living and to-be-born members of Smith family included Joseph Smith Sr. (father, 45, d. 1840), Lucy Mack Smith (Mother, 41, d. 1856), Alvin Smith (son, 18, d. 1823), Hyrum Smith (son, 16, d. 1844), Sophronia (daughter, 13, d. 1876), Joseph Smith Jr. (son, 10, d. 1844), Samuel Smith (son, 8 d. 1844), William Smith (son, 5, d. 1894), Katherine Smith (daughter, 3, d. 1900), Don Carlos (son, newborn, d. 1841). Lucy Smith would be born 5 years later, d. 1882). Shortly after arriving in the Palmyra region, the poverty stricken, uneducated Smith family took over a primitive cabin less than 1 mile from Harris's lands that bordered the future route of Eerie Canal. This was the Smith family's 8th move in Joseph Smith Jr.'s 10 years. After moving so many times, they absolutely moved here to gain work on the Eerie Canal. This move would be the families last. Mother Lucy Smith would bury all but one Smith male during the first 25 years of Mormonism's beginnings. (1)
  19. Harris was 22 years older than Joseph Smith. As a well known, wealthy local and "Road Overseer" who regularly hired local boys and men to work on his own lands, Harris met the Smith family with it's many sons around 1816 when Smith's moved to Palmyra. Harris did not live within 1 mile of the Smith family for 8 or 10 years before meeting them as Mormon history weaves. Harris likely learned of the arrival of the Smith family within days of their arrival to Palmyra through longtime Palmyra residents including the resident who owned the tiny primitive cabin the large Smith family moved into. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black, map, page 6)
  20. Within published Mormonism there are also conflicting accounts spanning three violent chaotic colonial years when Martin Harris met "Joseph Smith". Some accounts claim it was 1824, some claim it was 1827. This would have been when Joseph Smith was 18...or 21. Another ignored, critical discrepancy. (1) (2)
  21. In the early 1800, as years of chaotic uncertainty unfolded, for one reason or another Harris appropriated the Brotherhood's patriotic goals for the Nation for himself. Among other things he knew of the other religious experiences told by others around the territories. (Harris would eventually become related by marriage to one of the story tellers). Harris saw that a young mans voice was needed for a following to catch on. For that, the powerful Harris chose a young many to be a voice of his own. This voice was that of 18 year old Alvin Smith). However, as Harris laid the ground work for his patriotic cause over the next 4 years, headstrong Alvin resisted. Because Hyrum was also older than 18 after those 4 years and like Alvin would have been privy to some of the Brotherhood's publishing's and ceremonies that Harris borrowed (or stole) from, Harris skipped choosing Hyrum as a potential "voice" and chose Joseph, the dynamic, naïve, uneducated, friendly, 14 year old boy who walked with a limp. This is now the year 1820 and is when the boy Joseph's published stories begin. 4 years later though, Alvin was engaged to be married and saw potential for the Smith's without their dependence on the Harris' for work. He began to interfere with the powerful Harris' grooming and temptations of the impressionable Joseph. With the fate of the Nation at stake and no more time to find another voice amid Joseph's waiverings growing ever more critical as he too approached the age of 18, the wealthy, zealous, altruistic, powerful, patriotic Harris ordered Alvin's murder . It was just four and a half weeks before Joseph's 18th birthday. After Alvin's death, Harris used threats towards other Smith family members to ensure Joseph would not waiver. Fearing for the rest of his family and now 3 year old little Lucy, and with no "911" to call and no one else to come to their aid, 17 year old Joseph and the rest of the Smith family would become Harris' emotional hostages for the next two decades. Just like Harris had done with his child cousin who he forced to marry him, Harris had gained control of the boy Joseph and the Smiths.
  22. The powerful Harris, his father and their faction, ("The Men Who Visit") continued freely catalyzing Mormonism and the Book of Mormon from the Brotherhood's materials. They also used materials from forced and unforced sources including authors of 6 previous publications (#3). In their zeal, with their power, influence and use of violence they were able to greatly reduce the prominence of the publications they borrowed and stole from.
  23. Mormonism's publishings indicate "The Book of Mormon" was originally a 30-60 pound heavy stack of gold plates discovered in a sealed box under a boulder and that the box also included a sword (The Sword of Laban), a spherical compass (The Liahona) and a breast plate with a pair of primitive glasses attached to it. Publishing's indicate that translation of the engraved writings on the plates occurred by Joseph Smith without him looking at the plates but instead by Joseph wearing the Urim and Thummim and iterating out loud the words that appeared to him. If he didn't want to use the plates, he could also use a black stone he had been led to. If he didn't want to use the black stone, he could use a white stone he already had. (1). A scribe who was either his first wife Emma, Martin Harris, David Whitmer or Oliver Cowdery. (2)
  24. Harris' reputation for being wealthy was well known enough that in 1833 he was sued and jailed for $1000 (what some would say is today's economic equivalent of $500,000) by a young woman for publicly saying she had a "bastard child". In that day women couldn't sue a man alone so the suit was brought by a male friend of the woman. Harris posted bail and left. The suit was quietly dismissed under the claim that the woman was already "scandalous" prior to her claims against the well known Harris. (Link available by download through google search "the imprisonment of Martin Harris").
  25. During the following years under Harris control, naive Joseph resisted at times. Joseph tried to break free at times. Joseph sought funding for his own militia. Joseph spoke in code to his militia. As a victim, out of survival or as an eventual participant, Joseph absolutely made mistakes.
  26. A city was built around Mormonism. Harris and his endless river of cash and connections from the Eerie Canal was never far away. Day by day Harris' barges on the Eerie Canal sent one fortune of goods after another to the eastern territories. At the port of New York, the empty barges were loaded with immigrants grateful to have some place inland to go. Stories of the American Bible gave them something to believe in. For one reason or another, many of these early male, female and child immigrants were from Scotland...
  27. Harris and his faction forced Joseph to claim that 24 different angels appeared to Joseph including Adam, Moses, Noah and other biblical characters.
  28. Harris' self-fulfilling prophecy involving patriotically well-connected aristocrats Charles Anthon, Luther Bradish and Samuel L. Mitchell. Note that Bradish was a literary agent of profound, well educated early American author James Fenimore Cooper. Cooper is the author of "The Leatherstocking Tales", "The Last of the Mohicans" and other known titles. Cooper was also a midshipman in the US Navy who was very familiar with the working of ocean vessels. Like Benjamin Franklin, Cooper was known for his intellect and occasionally mischievous creativity. (1) "The Book of Mormon" contains ocean going stories (1) (2). Like Harris, Bradish also fought in the "War of 1812". These are just a few of the critical circles of influence needed to catalyze something like "The Book of Mormon" and Mormonism and to see it through to fruition while minimizing and eliminating obstacles along the way. These are the kind of critical circles of influence that a naive, uneducated, poor, handicapped, gypsy boy from a new-to-the-neighborhood family just did not have.
  29. In 1844, with thousands of immigrant and American born followers spread across many New England territories and elsewhere, Harris secretly ordered Joseph to began preparations to lead Mormonism's followers from Nauvoo into the West to save the failed USA. Instead, the naive Joseph believed he could save the failed USA by becoming President of the USA himself. Believing he was finally too powerful for Harris to kill him, Joseph publicly announced his campaign for President of the USA. With no time to spare, the zealous, patriotic Harris immediately ordered the murder of Joseph Smith and two of his three remaining brothers. Within weeks of Joseph's presidential announcement Joseph and his older brother Hyrum were arrested and killed within days (June 27, 1844). With thousands of followers, his own militia and the bounties of an entire growing city at his fingertips, Joseph allowed himself to be arrested believing that he and Harris would reconcile. After Joseph and Hyrum's murder however, in an insidious taunt to other less heinous factions who's attempts failed to gain a following and to remove all obstacles at seeing his own faction's plans through, Harris ordered the murder of younger brother Samuel Smith 33 days later (July 30, 1844). The number 33 is significant within the Brotherhood. For one reason or another Harris spared the Smith females (Mother Lucy Mack, daughter's Sophronia, Katherine, Lucy) and the youngest living Smith son at the time William. In all, 6 Smith male family members including Alvin (murder), Joseph Smith Sr. (suspicious), Don Carlos (illness), Hyrum (murder), Joseph (murder) and Samuel (murder) died during the Lord's careful "Restoration of the Gospel".
  30. After Joseph's unbelievable, tragic and violent murder Mormonism split into multiple groups with several different leaders emerging. Some believed in polygamy some didn't. 1) Brigham eventually led the majority into the West. 2) Joseph's family and first wife Emma stayed in Nauvoo. 3) Other followers went to Philadelphia. 4) Others went on a ship to sail to the continent's west coast with Samuel Brannan (who pulled a page from Benjamin Franklin's book of propaganda and sensationalism and started the gold rush of 1849 by publishing reports of gold in the area in eastern markets. Brannan is recognized by many as the west coast's first millionaire although not from "gold". Like many others in Mormonism's founding days publishings indicate Brannan was also eventually "exiled" from Mormonism). 5) Other's followed James Strange (Strange was Harris' back up plan in case Brigham was killed or failed. Strange led a following to northern territories on the Great Lakes. Harris was never far away from Strange. Strange eventually also produced "writings" from plates he claimed he was led to. (Harris is noted within Mormon history as being responsible for "losing" 116 pages of writings Joseph produced). Strange was murdered 9 years after Brigham Young stopped his following at the salt lake in the center of the West and the West was won.
  31. During this period other people would mysteriously die or disappear. Harris and/or people claiming to be associated with the US Government were never far away. (1)
  32. Within two years of Mormonism conquering the West, US states started being formed on paper again. This ended the quarter century blight that began shortly before Mormonism's founding days. (1)
  33. When it came time for Brigham Young to commission a statue to commemorate Mormonism's settling of "Salt Lake City" and to be placed at the entrance to his expansive "Utah Territory" property instead of choosing an angel Moroni, a figure of Joseph, or anything related to Mormonism he chose an eagle on top of a 5-pointed star. This statue commemorating the "Gate for the Eagle" became known as "The Eagles Gate". These symbols acknowledged the conquering of the American continent's West by Freemasonry under the banner of the USA. Although the "Eagle" has always been highly visible, the "Star" is seldom mentioned publicly but is clearly visible in person and in many images. This Star is also used throughout Mormonism's early ecclesiastical buildings. Note that in the 1970's some groups with nefarious purposes adopted the 5-pointed star ("pentagram") as a purported satanic symbol however among different uses related to the USA, it had been used for over a century to also represent the rising Eastern Star.
  34. Between his 15 year old child cousin bride Lucy (10 years his junior) and his mysterious bride Caroline (29 years his junior), Martin Harris fathered 13 living children through the two females nubile wombs. Today there are 13 secret corporations that control Mormonism's $100 billion dollars.
  35. Images of Martin Harris in his later years (1870) show him holding a staff with a serpant's head. 116 years before, Benjamin Franklin used a serpant as patriotic imagery (1754).
  36. Although images of just about everyone else in Mormonism's founding days exist, Mormonism maintains that no images of Joseph Smith exist. Instead, they elect to use handsome cartoon renderings of Joseph Smith that generate millions of dollars in revenue every year. This is while Mormonism also ignores reports of at least one photograph and forensic science that indicates a less sensationalized image of Joseph Smith. Naturally, this image also demonstrates more family semblance with Alvin Smith than the cartoon images do.
  37. Of all figures in Mormonism's beginnings the grave marker of the forgotten Martin Harris is by far the most substantial. Joseph Smith doesn't even have his own marker. His is shared with his brother Hyrum and his first wife Emma even though Emma married a non-Mormon on Joseph Smith's birthday 3 years later. Mormonism goes to great lengths to hide Emma's marriage to a non-mormon after Joseph's murder especially with the critical role of Emma that has been weaved throughout Mormonism and the translation.
  38. Polygamy openly continued for over 60 years before being renounced so Utah could officially become a State. Polygamy continued privately for decades and continues still in many ways due to Mormonism maintaining spiritual polygamy.
  39. Mormonism openly practicing racism until 1978.
  40. Nepotistic connections through blood or marriage existed throughout Mormonism's founding days with the 3 witnesses and the 8 witnesses and continues today. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5). Note that of the "3 Witnesses" Martin Harris was one. One was also a "Whitmer". 4 of the "8 Witnesses" were Whitmer's. "Hyrum Page" of the "8 Witnesses" was married to a Whitmer. Joseph Smith's father and two brothers make up the rest of the "8". All most all of the witnesses eventually left Mormonism but out of fear of retribution from Harris' faction they never recanted their stories or roles in Mormonism.
  41. Today Mormonism is a nepotistic (1) (2) (3) (4) $150 Billion tax-free corporation masquerading as a "religion". It owns influential roles in companies you know and use everyday. $100 Billion of that ill-gotten wealth places Mormonism among the top 5 of the largest cash reserves in the USA. Additional billions are held in real estate development (one example), media control (NBC-UTAH), the USA's largest cattle producer, the USA's largest nut producer, Universities in Utah, Idaho and Hawaii (BYU) and billions of dollars more in tax free capital raising buildings disguised as chapels, temples and other "ecclesiastical" buildings. Even though Mormonism continues to have lie after lie revealed about it, it maintains disturbing nepotistic control over the State of Utah and it's political, legal, municipal, educational and media offices as well as it's global at-risk "volunteer" force of tens of thousands of teenagers).
  42. If Mormonism doesn't seem like an insidious regime yet this link should make it perfectly clear.

This all means that Today, Utah's population of 3 million people and millions of others around the globe are subject to a nepotistic, evil regime and are in DESPERATE need of rescue by the Federal Government.
MR. PRESIDENT PLEASE HELP US!
"Save Utah Save The Nation"
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2020.07.23 12:24 kittehgoesmeow What A Day: Peace In The Middle West by Sarah Lazarus & Crooked Media (07/22/20)

"I cannot apologize for my passion." - Rep. Ted Yoho's heartfelt apology for calling AOC a "fucking bitch"

Telelacking

The Trump administration’s rushed move to cut the CDC out of coronavirus data collection left overwhelmed hospitals in the lurch as outbreaks accelerated, a scandal that’s flown under the radar as the president basically declares war on liberal cities.
But don’t look at any of that! Look at these big dumb distractions, at home and abroad!
It’s been 24 hours since The Great Tone Change of July, and Trump’s somber new pandemic response seems to consist exclusively of sending more feds to terrorize American citizens, because of crime surges Joe Biden’s presidency has somehow caused from the future. See you back here in two months, when he concedes that the death toll is “bad.”

Look No Further Than The Crooked Media

Exciting news—over the last year, over 25,000 of you have contributed to our Get Mitch or Die Trying fund to flip the Senate, and you’ve raised over $2 million for Democratic Senate candidates! Your donations to the fund have supported 14 candidates, including two Democratic incumbents and 12 challengers.
So far, your contributions have allowed us to send big checks to Doug Jones in Alabama, Jon Hickenlooper in Colorado, Jon Ossoff in Georgia, Theresa Greenfield in Iowa, Amy McGrath in Kentucky, Sara Gideon in Maine, Gary Peters in Michigan, Steve Bullock in Montana, Cal Cunningham in North Carolina, Jaime Harrison in South Carolina, and MJ Hegar in Texas (plus funds for the nominees in Arizona, Alaska, and Kansas).
This couldn't be more important, so we've raised the goal to $3 million. Help us get there and support candidates in the races where your money will make the biggest difference in flipping the Senate: https://votesaveamerica.com/getmitch

Under The Radar

President Trump pressured the British government to steer the British Open to his golf resort in Scotland. Another one of those stories that would be an enormous deal under any other president, in any time other than the year of our lord 2020. In February 2018, the American ambassador to the U.K., Robert Wood Johnson IV, told multiple colleagues that Trump had instructed him to see if he could convince the British government to bring the golf tournament to the Trump Turnberry resort. Johnson raised the idea with the secretary of state for Scotland over the objections of his deputy Lewis Lukens, who emailed State Department officials to tell them what happened. (Lukens was, of course, quickly fired) We already know Trump has used military spending to prop up the Scotland resort; it’s shocking, if not surprising, that he tried to use diplomats toward the same ends, at the expense of one of our most important alliances.

What Else?

The federal government reached a $1.95 billion deal with Pfizer to acquire 100 million doses of its vaccine candidate, to have on hand if it proves safe and effective. The Department of Health and Human Services said the vaccine would be made available to Americans “at no cost.” Who would get it first, and how will that be decided? Nobody knows.
Twitter has banned more than 7,000 QAnon accounts, and will limit 150,000 more after classifying QAnon material as coordinated harmful activity. Meanwhile, Facebook continues to be a QAnon hotbed, and the conspiracy theory has begun to inspire IRL actions across the border in Canada.
Senate Republicans are considering extending enhanced unemployment at the astonishingly cruel level of $100 per week. Let us know if you need that Get Mitch link again. Ah, heck, we got you → https://votesaveamerica.com/getmitch
Rep. Matt Gaetz (R-FL) appears to have broken House ethics rules by spending thousands of taxpayer dollars to pay a racist speechwriting consultant, and arranging for a private company to install a TV studio in his father’s home.
A new AP-NORC poll found that only one in 10 Americans think schools should return to normal operations this fall, proving once again that President Trump can read this populace like a book (barely if at all).
The Senate Armed Services Committee has scheduled a confirmation hearing for Anthony Tata, the Islamophobic conspiracy theorist Trump has nominated to oversee all policy at the Pentagon.
The FBI said it has evidence linking Roy Den Hollander, the “men’s rights” activist who attacked federal judge Esther Salas’ family, to the murder of a prominent MRA figure in California.
Four former presidents of the DC Bar Association have called for an investigation into whether Attorney General Bill Barr has violated the group’s rules by failing to uphold the Constitution, among other things.
Kim Kardashian released a statement addressing Kanye West’s mental health. West ranted about Harriet Tubman at a supposed campaign rally in South Carolina on Sunday and posted a series of concerning tweets, evidently in the middle of a bipolar manic episode.

Be Smarter

Recent findings that suggest coronavirus antibodies dissipate and become undetectable within a few months aren’t necessarily as dire as they seem. A study at King’s College London found that many coronavirus antibodies disappeared within several weeks of infection. That gave rise to a number of unsettling headlines suggesting that immunity declines just as fast and any vaccine is doomed, but the truth is much more complicated. First, the King’s College study didn’t account for patients’ T-cell responses, which scientists have found to be an important part of the body’s immune response to coronavirus. Second, a fading antibody response isn’t unusual, and low levels of antibodies may be enough to remind the body how to produce more when necessary. The bottom line is that we still don’t fully know how long-term coronavirus immunity works, and a positive antibody test can’t be taken as evidence of invincibility, but there’s no reason to despair that herd immunity is out of our reach and that the disease will become endemic.

Is That Hope I Feel?

MIT engineers have designed a reusable, affordable face mask that’s as effective as an N95, and could be a game changer for medical workers.
The House voted to remove statues of Confederate leaders from the Capitol, and replace a bust of racist former Supreme Court Justice Roger Taney.
Forty-eight senators introduced legislation to restore the Voting Rights Act, naming the new bill after John Lewis.
A bipartisan group of around 150 members of Congress have called on the Justice Department to combat coronavirus-related anti-Asian racism.

Enjoy

Tofu HobbitⓋ🇳🇴 BLM on Twitter: "Came across this tiktok, and i need everyone to see this"
submitted by kittehgoesmeow to FriendsofthePod [link] [comments]


2020.07.22 23:44 VoxChiasmus 42 Reasons A Colonial Military Cult Disguised As a Religion Saved the Failed USA Then Nepotistically Grew To Become A Modern Evil Regime With $100 Billion At It's Fingertips.

  1. After the 8 year long revolutionary war ended in 1783, the "United States of America" still faltered countless times in the coming decades. Easterly landlocked colonial territories outlined on paper as "States" could not come together as "One Nation". Different military's, militias, brotherhoods, factions, factions within factions, slavery and counterfeit money bred constant chaos. For many periods over those following decades attacks from Great Britain, Spain, France, Mexico and the warring Indian tribes they supplied meant the easterly landlocked territories were doomed to be conquered by one nation or another. (Even Russia had a trade presence on the west coast) Year in and year out, every day and every night, every primitive, easterly landlocked, colonial territory's survival was threatened. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

  1. The Nation needed to expand West to save Freedom but the unorganized military was spread too thin. Some settlers made progress with peaceful Native American tribes yet wagon trains of settlers who dared to venture West were still violently slaughtered by warring Indian tribes. Young, old, no one was spared. Stories of the violent massacres kept many settlers held up in the landlocked territories. Other's fled back to England. Still others came. (1) (2)

  1. The guiding hand of a centuries old Scottish Brotherhood can be seen throughout the USA's founding decades. Known founding fathers George Washington (1732-1799), Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), Paul Revere (1735-1818), John Hancock (1736-1793) and others were members of the Brotherhood's different factions within factions spread across the territories. Hidden history reveals so much more about these founding fathers than many know. For example, George Washington still owned 300 slaves upon his death. Paul Revere was a master of metals and an entrepreneur and his clients included the US Government (1) (2). Dynamic Oligarch, Governor, Inventor and swimmer Benjamin Franklin (1) (2) might one day go down in history as a colonial version of Bruce Wayne/Batman. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5))

  1. Faraway on the other side of the globe, during the same time the revolutionary war was going on, England's Captain James Cook, a global explorer and close associate of the Brotherhood, led the discovery of what would become Hawaii. He saw firsthand how polygamy could grow a nation quickly. Word of the native island people and their bounty of ancestral legends, ocean going stories and treasure traveled around the globe and throughout the Brotherhood's ranks on both sides of the Atlantic. Among the native's Cook and his crew were first revered as immortals but about a year later Cook was attacked and killed as an imposter. This did not phase other explorers and visitors. Travel by ship to the islands became so familiar during colonial times that when conquering Hawaiian King Kamehameha passed away his drunken son LihoLiho, who carried the King's title in name only, traded away a substantial portion of the island's treasures for a yacht built by a Salem, Massachusetts family prominent in seafaring, politics and the military (Crowninshield). After the yacht reached the islands in 1820 it was extensively and expensively remodeled under LihoLiho's orders. It suspiciously sank in a Kauai bay less than two years later and LihoLiho suspiciously died on a peculiar, ill fated trip to Great Britain in 1824. (1) (2) (3)

  1. In the failing US Territories of the late 1700's and early 1800's, patriotic leaders prayed and planned and searched for ways to save the failed Nation. Guidance was sought. Plans were constantly suggested and evaluated. Different members of the Brotherhood secretly suggested laying the foundation for a massive religious following built by polygamy to successfully pave the way West so the failed Nation could expand and be saved.

  1. During this critical time, at least 14 stories of different people having similar "religious" experiences popped up around the territories. None of them created a great following. (1)

  1. During the 34 years spanning 1787-1821, the US's first 24 easterly landlocked states were formed on paper. However, 61% of these states were formed during the first 16 years of that period. For the last 18 years of that period, the pace of forming states had come to a violent halt with only 7 being formed. The chaotic territory known on paper as the "USA" was on the doorstep of imminent failure and what would become a quarter century blight where only two more states would be formed on paper. (1821-1845) (1)

  1. That 1821-1845 time period coincidentally also covers 99.9% of the time that the published, foundational beginnings of "Mormonism" occurred. 1820 is the published year of Joseph Smith's First Vision. 1847 is the published year Brigham Young strategically ordered his west coast bound following to suddenly stop in Mexico Territory at an enormous salt filled lake smack dab in the center of the American continent's untamed West. Even though it was in Mexico Territory at the time, the location of this Great Salt Lake was perfectly centralized in the continent's West and could serve as the doorstep to how the West could be won. Over the next 20 years after Brigham Young's arrival an estimated 60,000-70,000 faithful pioneers would follow. Many were followers of Mormonism. Many practiced polygamy. Many would be sent in all direction of the West to faithfully colonize strategic territories and pave the way for the Nation's armies (1).

  1. For nearly 195 years, Mormonism has surreptitiously weaved historical claims about a man named "Martin Harris" (1783-1875). Mormonism claims Harris was a humble farmer who's greedy wife left him after he mortgaged their family farm to faithfully pay today's equivalent of hundreds of thousands of dollars for the first publishing of the boy Joseph Smith's "The Book of Mormon" and that shortly after that economic failure and other critical founding roles Harris lost faith in Mormonism but later rejoined Mormonism in Utah at the very end of his 92 year long life. (1)) (2) Hidden history reveals that these claims about Harris ARE EXACTLY HOW HE WANTED IT. The purveyors of Mormonism go to great lengths to perpetuate these myths about Harris even today. If you don't accept the boy "Joseph Smith" as a child prophet who grew into a man prophet, Harris' purveyors of Mormonism want you to hate Joseph Smith as an impossible genius-con artist-pedophile so you fail to see the truth of who Harris really was and what Harris really did.

  1. "History is written by the victor" and the past two centuries demonstrate that Harris definitely was the victor. This is because in reality Harris' "greedy wife" "Lucy" was actually his child cousin. Yes she was a child. Yes she was his first cousin. She was 15 and he was 25 when he forced her to marry him. Yet within Mormonism story after story leaves this critical detail out. Additionally for one reason or another Lucy became partially deaf over the next 20 years. There is also at least one report that in addition to sexually abusing this child Harris also physically abused her. This is an indication of Harris' proclivity to control children. Harris eventually fathered 6 children) through Lucy's nubile womb. 28 years later and after being physically separated from Harris for years, Lucy suspiciously died at the age of 42. Weeks later then 52 year old Harris married 21 year old Caroline Young. A niece of Brigham Young. He fathered 7 children through here nubile womb.

  1. Like the Crowninshield's and other influential families throughout critical parts of the chaotic New England territories, The Harris family was also wealthy, well connected and zealously patriotic. With his father Nathan Harris, and his brothers (Emer and Preserved) Martin controlled hundreds of productive acres in the Palmyra, New York region with complex operations producing a river of revenue from livestock and linen. Martin Harris' father Nathan Harris and mother Rhoda Lapham Harris originally moved the Harris family to the Palmyra, New York area in 1796, 20 years before the poverty stricken Smith's would arrive practically on Harris' doorstep. (1) (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)

  1. The white linen Martin produced was so exceptional that he won several awards for it. Since Mormonism's beginning days, the wearing of multiple layers of white clothing has been expected of followers. For decades manufacturing this clothing and selling it to followers has been a secret, multi-million dollar industry for Mormonism. The white clothing includes under garments for daily wear by males and females as well as outer garments for wear in private ceremonies. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black)

  1. Harris was a zealous patriot. At 29 years old, four years after forcing his child cousin to marry him, he began regularly leaving his life of power, wealth and marriage as a "Harris" to regularly fight during the 3 years of "The War of 1812". ( "The War of 1812" was actually "The War of 1812-1815".) Harris was recognized as a leader and an honored war veteran at war's end. As an honored war veteran, is it safe to suggest that he became familiar with killing in the name of patriotism as wars require of brave men and women (1) ?

  1. Harris was a convincing story teller. He once got people to donate money for what he claimed would be used to support the Christian Greeks fighting the Turks. He also claimed Jesus appeared to him in the form of a deer and walked with him for a couple miles. He also claimed an incident regarding a flickering candle was the work of the devil. (1) (2))

  1. After the War of 1812, the well respected, wealthy, influential, honored, 33 year old Martin Harris was nominated to be "Road Overseer" in the Palmyra region. A position he controlled for the next 7 years. This included the 7 years it took to finally construct New England's Eerie Canal.

  1. The dynamic Harris was an influential supporter of the Eerie Canal and it's possible route. Harris made sure the route passed by he and his father's lands. This would expand their river of cash and operations to the eastern territories in exponential ways. This river of cash would be used by many to finance business and patriotic endeavors in the failed Nation. (1) Prior to the Eerie Canal "New York" was way down on the list of in-demand territorial ports. Historical economist's acknowledge that the Eerie Canal made New York the leading port and global economic powerhouse that it has been for nearly two centuries.

  1. The boy Joseph Smith Jr. was born December 23, 1805. The poverty stricken Smith family relocated 8 times in the chaotic New England area during Joseph's Smith Jr.'s first 10 years. If they were in Europe they may have been referred to as "gypsys". With Great Britain's latest attack and eventual retreat underway after the War of 1812, the Smith family with it's many sons of working age moved to Palmyra in 1816 in search of work on the controversial, to be built "Eerie Canal". (To this day, published Mormon history acts as if the Eerie Canal doesn't exist.)

  1. During these colonial decades, almost 1 in 5 children did not survive their first year. The Smith family was no exception. Although some children are not listed here in 1816 the living and to-be-born members of Smith family included Joseph Smith Sr. (father, 45, d. 1840), Lucy Mack Smith (Mother, 41, d. 1856), Alvin Smith (son, 18, d. 1823), Hyrum Smith (son, 16, d. 1844), Sophronia (daughter, 13, d. 1876), Joseph Smith Jr. (son, 10, d. 1844), Samuel Smith (son, 8 d. 1844), William Smith (son, 5, d. 1894), Katherine Smith (daughter, 3, d. 1900), Don Carlos (son, newborn, d. 1841). Lucy Smith would be born 5 years later, d. 1882). Shortly after arriving in the Palmyra region, the poverty stricken, uneducated Smith family took over a primitive cabin less than 1 mile from Harris's lands that bordered the future route of Eerie Canal. This was the Smith family's 8th move in Joseph Smith Jr.'s 10 years. After moving so many times, they absolutely moved here to gain work on the Eerie Canal. This move would be the families last. Mother Lucy Smith would bury all but one Smith male during the first 25 years of Mormonism's beginnings. (1)

  1. Harris was 22 years older than Joseph Smith. As a well known, wealthy local and "Road Overseer" who regularly hired local boys and men to work on his own lands, Harris met the Smith family with it's many sons around 1816 when Smith's moved to Palmyra. Harris did not live within 1 mile of the Smith family for 8 or 10 years before meeting them as Mormon history weaves. Harris likely learned of the arrival of the Smith family within days of their arrival to Palmyra through longtime Palmyra residents including the resident who owned the tiny primitive cabin the large Smith family moved into. (For the Sum of $3000 By Susan Easton Black, map, page 6)

  1. Within published Mormonism there are also conflicting accounts spanning three violent chaotic colonial years when Martin Harris met "Joseph Smith". Some accounts claim it was 1824, some claim it was 1827. This would have been when Joseph Smith was 18...or 21. Another ignored, critical discrepancy. (1) (2)

  1. In the early 1800, as years of chaotic uncertainty unfolded, for one reason or another Harris appropriated the Brotherhood's patriotic goals for the Nation for himself. Among other things he knew of the other religious experiences told by others around the territories. (Harris would eventually become related by marriage to one of the story tellers). Harris saw that a young mans voice was needed for a following to catch on. For that, the powerful Harris chose a young many to be a voice of his own. This voice was that of 18 year old Alvin Smith). However, as Harris laid the ground work for his patriotic cause over the next 4 years, headstrong Alvin resisted. Because Hyrum was also older than 18 after those 4 years and like Alvin would have been privy to some of the Brotherhood's publishing's and ceremonies that Harris borrowed (or stole) from, Harris skipped choosing Hyrum as a potential "voice" and chose Joseph, the dynamic, naïve, uneducated, friendly, 14 year old boy who walked with a limp. This is now the year 1820 and is when the boy Joseph's published stories begin. 4 years later though, Alvin was engaged to be married and saw potential for the Smith's without their dependence on the Harris' for work. He began to interfere with the powerful Harris' grooming and temptations of the impressionable Joseph. With the fate of the Nation at stake and no more time to find another voice amid Joseph's waiverings growing ever more critical as he too approached the age of 18, the wealthy, zealous, altruistic, powerful, patriotic Harris ordered Alvin's murder . It was just four and a half weeks before Joseph's 18th birthday. After Alvin's death, Harris used threats towards other Smith family members to ensure Joseph would not waiver. Fearing for the rest of his family and now 3 year old little Lucy, and with no "911" to call and no one else to come to their aid, 17 year old Joseph and the rest of the Smith family would become Harris' emotional hostages for the next two decades. Just like Harris had done with his child cousin who he forced to marry him, Harris had gained control of the boy Joseph and the Smiths.

  1. The powerful Harris, his father and their faction, ("The Men Who Visit") continued freely catalyzing Mormonism and the Book of Mormon from the Brotherhood's materials. They also used materials from forced and unforced sources including authors of 6 previous publications (#3). In their zeal, with their power, influence and use of violence they were able to greatly reduce the prominence of the publications they borrowed and stole from.

  1. Mormonism's publishings indicate "The Book of Mormon" was originally a 30-60 pound heavy stack of gold plates discovered in a sealed box under a boulder and that the box also included a sword (The Sword of Laban), a spherical compass (The Liahona) and a breast plate with a pair of primitive glasses attached to it. Publishing's indicate that translation of the engraved writings on the plates occurred by Joseph Smith without him looking at the plates but instead by Joseph wearing the Urim and Thummim and iterating out loud the words that appeared to him. If he didn't want to use the plates, he could also use a black stone he had been led to. If he didn't want to use the black stone, he could use a white stone he already had. (1). A scribe who was either his first wife Emma, Martin Harris, David Whitmer or Oliver Cowdery. (2)

  1. Harris' reputation for being wealthy was well known enough that in 1833 he was sued and jailed for $1000 (what some would say is today's economic equivalent of $500,000) by a young woman for publicly saying she had a "bastard child". In that day women couldn't sue a man alone so the suit was brought by a male friend of the woman. Harris posted bail and left. The suit was quietly dismissed under the claim that the woman was already "scandalous" prior to her claims against the well known Harris. (Link available by download through google search "the imprisonment of Martin Harris").

  1. During the following years under Harris control, naive Joseph resisted at times. Joseph tried to break free at times. Joseph sought funding for his own militia. Joseph spoke in code to his militia. As a victim, out of survival or as an eventual participant, Joseph absolutely made mistakes.

  1. A city was built around Mormonism. Harris and his endless river of cash and connections from the Eerie Canal was never far away. Day by day Harris' barges on the Eerie Canal sent one fortune of goods after another to the eastern territories. At the port of New York, the empty barges were loaded with immigrants grateful to have some place inland to go. Stories of the American Bible gave them something to believe in. For one reason or another, many of these early male, female and child immigrants were from Scotland...

  1. Harris and his faction forced Joseph to claim that 24 different angels appeared to Joseph including Adam, Moses, Noah and other biblical characters.

  1. Harris' self-fulfilling prophecy involving patriotically well-connected aristocrats Charles Anthon, Luther Bradish and Samuel L. Mitchell. Note that Bradish was a literary agent of profound, well educated early American author James Fenimore Cooper. Cooper is the author of "The Leatherstocking Tales", "The Last of the Mohicans" and other known titles. Cooper was also a midshipman in the US Navy who was very familiar with the working of ocean vessels. Like Benjamin Franklin, Cooper was known for his intellect and occasionally mischievous creativity. (1) "The Book of Mormon" contains ocean going stories (1) (2). Like Harris, Bradish also fought in the "War of 1812". These are just a few of the critical circles of influence needed to catalyze something like "The Book of Mormon" and Mormonism and to see it through to fruition while minimizing and eliminating obstacles along the way. These are the kind of critical circles of influence that a naive, uneducated, poor, handicapped, gypsy boy from a new-to-the-neighborhood family just did not have.

  1. In 1844, with thousands of immigrant and American born followers spread across many New England territories and elsewhere, Harris secretly ordered Joseph to began preparations to lead Mormonism's followers from Nauvoo into the West to save the failed USA. Instead, the naive Joseph believed he could save the failed USA by becoming President of the USA himself. Believing he was finally too powerful for Harris to kill him, Joseph publicly announced his campaign for President of the USA. With no time to spare, the zealous, patriotic Harris immediately ordered the murder of Joseph Smith and two of his three remaining brothers. Within weeks of Joseph's presidential announcement Joseph and his older brother Hyrum were arrested and killed within days (June 27, 1844). With thousands of followers, his own militia and the bounties of an entire growing city at his fingertips, Joseph allowed himself to be arrested believing that he and Harris would reconcile. After Joseph and Hyrum's murder however, in an insidious taunt to other less heinous factions who's attempts failed to gain a following and to remove all obstacles at seeing his own faction's plans through, Harris ordered the murder of younger brother Samuel Smith 33 days later (July 30, 1844). The number 33 is significant within the Brotherhood. For one reason or another Harris spared the Smith females (Mother Lucy Mack, daughter's Sophronia, Katherine, Lucy) and the youngest living Smith son at the time William. In all, 6 Smith male family members including Alvin (murder), Joseph Smith Sr. (suspicious), Don Carlos (illness), Hyrum (murder), Joseph (murder) and Samuel (murder) died during the Lord's careful "Restoration of the Gospel".

  1. After Joseph's unbelievable, tragic and violent murder Mormonism split into multiple groups with several different leaders emerging. Some believed in polygamy some didn't. 1) Brigham eventually led the majority into the West. 2) Joseph's family and first wife Emma stayed in Nauvoo. 3) Other followers went to Philadelphia. 4) Others went on a ship to sail to the continent's west coast with Samuel Brannan (who pulled a page from Benjamin Franklin's book of propaganda and sensationalism and started the gold rush of 1849 by publishing reports of gold in the area in eastern markets. Brannan is recognized by many as the west coast's first millionaire although not from "gold". Like many others in Mormonism's founding days publishings indicate Brannan was also eventually "exiled" from Mormonism). 5) Other's followed James Strange (Strange was Harris' back up plan in case Brigham was killed or failed. Strange led a following to northern territories on the Great Lakes. Harris was never far away from Strange. Strange eventually also produced "writings" from plates he claimed he was led to. (Harris is noted within Mormon history as being responsible for "losing" 116 pages of writings Joseph produced). Strange was murdered 9 years after Brigham Young stopped his following at the salt lake in the center of the West and the West was won.

  1. During this period other people would mysteriously die or disappear. Harris and/or people claiming to be associated with the US Government were never far away. (1)

  1. Within two years of Mormonism conquering the West, US states started being formed on paper again. This ended the quarter century blight that began shortly before Mormonism's founding days. (1)

  1. When it came time for Brigham Young to commission a statue to commemorate Mormonism's settling of "Salt Lake City" and to be placed at the entrance to his expansive "Utah Territory" property instead of choosing an angel Moroni, a figure of Joseph, or anything related to Mormonism he chose an eagle on top of a 5-pointed star. This statue commemorating the "Gate for the Eagle" became known as "The Eagles Gate". These symbols acknowledged the conquering of the American continent's West by Freemasonry under the banner of the USA. Although the "Eagle" has always been highly visible, the "Star" is seldom mentioned publicly but is clearly visible in person and in many images. This Star is also used throughout Mormonism's early ecclesiastical buildings. Note that in the 1970's some groups with nefarious purposes adopted the 5-pointed star ("pentagram") as a purported satanic symbol however among different uses related to the USA, it had been used for over a century to also represent the rising Eastern Star.

  1. Between his 15 year old child cousin bride Lucy (10 years his junior) and his mysterious bride Caroline (29 years his junior), Martin Harris fathered 13 living children through the two females nubile wombs. Today there are 13 secret corporations that control Mormonism's $100 billion dollars.

  1. Images of Martin Harris in his later years (1870) show him holding a staff with a serpant's head. 116 years before, Benjamin Franklin used a serpant as patriotic imagery (1754).

  1. Although images of just about everyone else in Mormonism's founding days exist, Mormonism maintains that no images of Joseph Smith exist. Instead, they elect to use handsome cartoon renderings of Joseph Smith that generate millions of dollars in revenue every year. This is while Mormonism also ignores reports of at least one photograph and forensic science that indicates a less sensationalized image of Joseph Smith. Naturally, this image also demonstrates more family semblance with Alvin Smith than the cartoon images do.

  1. Of all figures in Mormonism's beginnings the grave marker of the forgotten Martin Harris is by far the most substantial. Joseph Smith doesn't even have his own marker. His is shared with his brother Hyrum and his first wife Emma even though Emma married a non-Mormon on Joseph Smith's birthday 3 years later. Mormonism goes to great lengths to hide Emma's marriage to a non-mormon after Joseph's murder especially with the critical role of Emma that has been weaved throughout Mormonism and the translation.

  1. Polygamy openly continued for over 60 years before being renounced so Utah could officially become a State. Polygamy continued privately for decades and continues still in many ways due to Mormonism maintaining spiritual polygamy.

  1. Mormonism openly practicing racism until 1978.

  1. Nepotistic connections through blood or marriage existed throughout Mormonism's founding days with the 3 witnesses and the 8 witnesses and continues today. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5). Note that of the "3 Witnesses" Martin Harris was one. One was also a "Whitmer". 4 of the "8 Witnesses" were Whitmer's. "Hyrum Page" of the "8 Witnesses" was married to a Whitmer. Joseph Smith's father and two brothers make up the rest of the "8". All most all of the witnesses eventually left Mormonism but out of fear of retribution from Harris' faction they never recanted their stories or roles in Mormonism.

  1. Today Mormonism is a nepotistic (1) (2) (3) (4) $150 Billion tax-free corporation masquerading as a "religion". It owns influential roles in companies you know and use everyday. $100 Billion of that ill-gotten wealth places Mormonism among the top 5 of the largest cash reserves in the USA. Additional billions are held in real estate development (one example), media control (NBC-UTAH), the USA's largest cattle producer, the USA's largest nut producer, Universities in Utah, Idaho and Hawaii (BYU) and billions of dollars more in tax free capital raising buildings disguised as chapels, temples and other "ecclesiastical" buildings. Even though Mormonism continues to have lie after lie revealed about it, it maintains disturbing nepotistic control over the State of Utah and it's political, legal, municipal, educational and media offices as well as it's global at-risk "volunteer" force of tens of thousands of teenagers).

  1. If Mormonism doesn't seem like an insidious regime yet this link should make it perfectly clear.

There's Only One Option for "What Happens Now?":
The boy Joseph Smith WAS a victim and his participation in Mormonism was out of survival as these 42 reasons reveal. This means that today, Utah's population of 3 million people and millions of others around the globe are subject to a nepotistic, evil regime and are in DESPERATE need of federal intervention. IT should immediately begin by seeing a Federal presence in Utah NOW.
MR. PRESIDENT PLEASE HELP US. SAVE UTAH, SAVE THE NATION.

As a Nation, as the "USA", we owe a national reverence to victims of the Eradication of the Native Americans, victims of Slavery and victims of Mormonism. We also owe it to these victims to continue courageously making this Nation the best it can be.

Thank you to the many invisible contributors who's brave research over the decades is linked in this post. Your efforts are not lost on me.

Remember that not all conspirators within Mormonism's nepotistic leadership may be there willingly. Like Alvin, the boy Joseph, Hyrum, Samuel and so many other victims along the way, their actions may be because their lives or the lives of their loved ones have also been threatened...it's in there actions now that we will know the truth about them.
GOD HELP US ALL.
-MJ
aka "Vox Chiasmus"
submitted by VoxChiasmus to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.07.16 16:30 bottish BBC Scotland coverage vs BBC Wales coverage, let's compare and contrast...

The Situation

There is a story about powers coming back from the EU and whether they will be handed to the devolved nations.

The Coverage

Comment

  1. Headlines really matter, as discussed before here.
  2. BBC Scotland makes it all about a row, ("fresh row", "long-running row", "lengthy dispute", "continuation of a row", "déjà-vu", "political rammy") where both sides are at it. The BBC Wales article doesn't.
  3. BBC Scotland has plenty of mention of the new powers that are coming ("the biggest transfer of powers in the history of devolution", "Many powers are set to be directly controlled by the [devolved nations]", "power surge for the devolved administrations"). The BBC Wales one doesn't.
  4. The "analysis" at the end of each article by the two regional political reporters are interesting to compare. They are both 5 sentences long, the content is somewhat different.

Snapshots, in case any BBC updates, 'cause they seem to like doing that

#TL;DR

Just read the tweets mentioned above from BBC Wales and BBC Scotland and extrapolate that in your head into 1,000 words and you're pretty much there.
submitted by bottish to Scotland [link] [comments]


2020.07.13 23:40 GlimmervoidG As of 9am on 13 July, 290,133 people have tested positive for coronavirus in the UK (pillar 1 and 2, see descriptions below). As of 5pm on 12 July, of those tested positive for coronavirus in the UK, 44,830 have died across all settings.

This is today's key statistic's as reported on gov.uk
Daily Cumulative
Deaths in all settings 11 44,830
Positive cases (pillars 1 and 2) 530 290,133
All tests made available (pillars 1 to 4) 144,445 12,128,749
All tests processed (pillars 1 to 4) 101,927 9,139,226
Pillar 1 positive cases 88 199,052
Pillar 2 positive cases 442 91,081
Pillar 1 tests processed 34,930 3,436,603
Pillar 2 tests processed 45,536 2,715,580
Pillar 3 tests processed 2,822 1,246,070
Pillar 4 tests processed 3,955 255,668
Pillar 2 tests sent out 52,202 3,829,203
Pillar 4 tests sent out 5,000 645,625
Pillar 1 Pillar 2 Pillar 3 Pillar 4 Total
Lab capacity 68,593 131,000 100,000 11,520 311,113
13 July notes (historic data revisions and explanations)
Northern Ireland has now stopped reporting coronavirus data at weekends. Today’s cumulative and daily figures for tests and positive cases include data not reported over the weekend.
Northern Ireland and Wales do not report deaths data during the weekend, therefore today’s figure only includes England and Scotland.
The total number of tests made available has been revised since yesterday’s total after the following changes to the historical data:
The daily ‘tests made available’ reported today have been added to this revised total rather than the total reported yesterday, so the cumulative total today is 5,953 lower than if you added the daily tests to yesterday’s total.
The total number of ‘all tests processed’ has been revised since yesterday’s total after the following changes to the historical data:
The daily ‘all tests processed’ reported today have been added to this revised total rather than the total reported yesterday, so the cumulative total today is 626 higher than if you added the daily tests to yesterday’s total.
Due to data not being made available, it’s likely that pillar 2 numbers for 13 July are over-reported. The figures will be revised once the necessary data has been made available. This affects the ‘tests made available’ and the ‘tests processed’ totals.
The testing pillars
Pillars 1 and 2 are swab tests targeted at those who are sick and with symptoms. They look for the presence of the virus itself. Pillar 1 tests are only counted when processed. Pillar 2 tests are counted when sent out (for the 'made available' number) and separately when actually processed (for the 'tests processed' number).
Pillar 3 tests are designed to identify if a person has antibodies in their system, which means that they have had coronavirus at some point, but they do not test for the presence of the virus itself (as in pillars 1 and 2). Tests in pillar 3 are counted when they are processed by a lab.
This pillar does not report people tested or positive cases because tests are anonymised before being sent to a lab. Positive cases for pillar 3 are different to pillars 1 and 2 so should not be classed together.
Testing in pillar 4 is designed to understand the spread of the virus and the reliability of different testing methods.
As in pillar 2, pillar 4 tests are counted either when they are sent out or when they are processed by a lab. This includes antigen and antibody testing. People tested and positive cases are not reported due to this covering a variety of different studies that do not currently allow to deduplicate individuals.
Coronavirus statistic's are now available here: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/coronavirus-covid-19-information-for-the-public (Archive 13 July)
Since they will no longer be posted as tweets, I will be trying to keep an up-to-date record of day to day changes (mostly by copying chunks of text and data from that site). Current plan is text posts. We'll see how that goes.
submitted by GlimmervoidG to ukpolitics [link] [comments]


2020.07.04 20:24 GlimmervoidG As of 9am on 4 July, 284,900 people have tested positive for coronavirus in the UK under pillars 1 and 2. As of 5pm on 3 July, of those tested positive for coronavirus in the UK, 44,198 have died across all settings.

This is today's key statistic's as reported on gov.uk
Daily Cumulative
Deaths in all settings 67 44,198
Positive cases (pillars 1 and 2) 624 284,900
All tests made available (pillars 1 to 4) 219,544 10,340,511
All tests processed (pillars 1 to 4) 171,540 7,932,582
Pillar 1 positive cases 163 197,734
Pillar 2 positive cases 461 87,166
Pillar 1 tests processed 46,818 3,040,901
Pillar 2 tests processed 53,577 2,249,309
Pillar 3 tests processed 30,553 1,123,615
Pillar 4 tests processed 4,383 216,513
Pillar 2 tests sent out 83,058 3,143,686
Pillar 4 tests sent out 1,155 566,487
Pillar 1 Pillar 2 Pillar 3 Pillar 4 Total
Lab capacity 67,838 135,000 80,000 11,420 294,258
4 July notes (historic data revisions and explantions)
Northern Ireland have now stopped reporting COVID-19 data at weekends. The daily figures for tests and positive cases are therefore England, Scotland and Wales only. We will continue to report the historical Northern Ireland data in the UK cumulative totals. Any data from Northern Ireland over the weekend will be included in the cumulative totals on Mondays.
The total number of tests has been revised since yesterday’s total after the following changes to the historical data:
The daily tests reported today have been added to this revised total rather than the total reported yesterday, so the cumulative total today is 691 higher than if you added the daily tests to yesterday’s total.
For pillar 2, the cumulative number of tests processed today is 138 lower than if you added the daily tests to yesterday’s total, and the cumulative number of tests sent out is 342 higher.
The testing pillars
Pillars 1 and 2 are swab tests targeted at those who are sick and with symptoms. They look for the presence of the virus itself. Pillar 1 tests are only counted when processed. Pillar 2 tests are counted when sent out (for the 'made available' number) and separately when actually processed (for the 'tests processed' number).
Pillar 3 tests are designed to identify if a person has antibodies in their system, which means that they have had coronavirus at some point, but they do not test for the presence of the virus itself (as in pillars 1 and 2). Tests in pillar 3 are counted when they are processed by a lab.
This pillar does not report people tested or positive cases because tests are anonymised before being sent to a lab. Positive cases for pillar 3 are different to pillars 1 and 2 so should not be classed together.
Testing in pillar 4 is designed to understand the spread of the virus and the reliability of different testing methods.
As in pillar 2, pillar 4 tests are counted either when they are sent out or when they are processed by a lab. This includes antigen and antibody testing. People tested and positive cases are not reported due to this covering a variety of different studies that do not currently allow to deduplicate individuals.
Coronavirus statistic's are now available here: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/coronavirus-covid-19-information-for-the-public (Archive 4th July)
Since they will no longer be posted as tweets, I will be trying to keep an up-to-date record of day to day changes (mostly by copying chunks of text and data from that site). Current plan is text posts. We'll see how that goes.
submitted by GlimmervoidG to ukpolitics [link] [comments]


How to Tag and Transcribe Records in the National Archives ... Royal Tour Of Scotland (Second Story) - 1941 THE UK NATIONAL ARCHIVES London Kew What to expect when visiting The National Archives - YouTube Recollections of Scotland's Past - Hunger Marchers of the 1930s First written record of whisky distilling in Scotland The National Survey: Scotland, let's hear you

Catalogues and Indexes National Records of Scotland

  1. How to Tag and Transcribe Records in the National Archives ...
  2. Royal Tour Of Scotland (Second Story) - 1941
  3. THE UK NATIONAL ARCHIVES London Kew
  4. What to expect when visiting The National Archives - YouTube
  5. Recollections of Scotland's Past - Hunger Marchers of the 1930s
  6. First written record of whisky distilling in Scotland
  7. The National Survey: Scotland, let's hear you

There are separate national archives in some of the devolved parts of the United Kingdom: the National Archives of Scotland holds government and private documents relating to Scotland and the ... Find out what you can expect during your pre-booked visit to The National Archives and some of the changes we've made for everyone's safety. Book your visit ... Recollections of Scotland's past from the archives of BBC Radio Scotland. Memories of hunger marches and unemployment in the 1930s. Learn how to begin contributing metadata and information about records through tagging, transcribing, and adding comments in the National Archives Catalog. Q... Tristram Clarke of the National Archives of Scotland talks about the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland for 1494 - the first written record of whisky distilling in Scotland. US National Archives Recommended for you. 34:26. True Geisha - A Documentary - Duration: 31:02. Seba Tv Recommended for you. 31:02. Naval Visitors To Scotland ... The National Survey: Scotland, let's hear you. The National Survey: Scotland, let's hear you. Skip navigation Sign in. Search. ... US National Archives Recommended for you. 42:03.